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David Mamet and American Macho
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  • 19 b/w illus.
  • Page extent: 322 pages
  • Size: 229 x 152 mm
  • Weight: 0.6 kg
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 (ISBN-13: 9781107532281)

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  • Published July 2015

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David Mamet and American Macho
Cambridge University Press
9780521620642 - David Mamet and American Macho - By Arthur Holmberg
Index

Index

Note: page numbers for illustrations in italics

Adams, Henry (The Education of Henry Adams) 11–12, 57

Algren, Nelson (Chicago: City on the Make) 16, 32–33

Aristotle 122, 181

Austin, J. L. 88

Bandura, Albert (social learning theory) 134

Barrie, J. M. (Peter Pan) 18, 90, 109

Bem, Sandra Lipsitz (gender lenses) 136, 138, 140

Benjamin, Jessica 95

Bettelheim, Bruno 72, 109, 213

Bhabha, Homi K. 131

Bigsby, C. W. E. 20, 25, 159

Blankenhorn, David 128, 174–175

Bly, Robert (Iron John) 80

Bowlby, John 129, 131

Boy culture

anti-intellectual 214–216

attitude to girls in 143

bullies in 214, 215, 216

difficult transition to adulthood from 69, 75–76, 133–134, 162–179, 182, 210, 211, 223, 227

fighting in 65, 135, 151, 152, 155–156, 161, 167, 190, 204, 212–213, 215

gender segregation in 142–143

gender stereotypes in 141

hierarchy in 151, 173, 183, 188, 214–215

historical shift in 157–158

play in 141, 148, 150

peer pressure to conform to gender norms in 3, 97, 133–134, 143–144, 146–147, 148, 150–151, 211

repression of capacity to nurture in 96–99, 156, 178, 180, 202, 205, 212–213

revolt against mother in 99–100, 102–103, 125, 128–131, 149, 158, 211, 216

role in gender socialization 150–151

shame in 98–99, 134, 136, 175–176, 177

sports in 152

values learned in 148, 156–157, 159, 174

See also fantasies of masculinity under macho, American

Brantley, Ben 10

Brewer, Gay 16, 30, 33

Bugs Bunny 145–148

Bumppo, Natty 53, 57, 68–71, 78–80, 124, 220–221

Burroughs, Edgar Rice (Tarzan of the Apes) 9, 38

Butler, Judith 1, 80, 83–84, 131, 147, 157

Campbell, Joseph 72, 78

capitalism, American

cowboy as icon of 54, 57–59

crime and theft as metaphors for 18–23

gangster as icon of 23–30, 32–33

Chicago 10–21, 23–25, 28, 31–34, 116, 130, 132, 144–145

Chodorow, Nancy J. 95–96, 99, 125, 128

Coates, Jennifer (men’s stories) 190

Connell, R. W. 2, 226

Cooper, James Fenimore 10, 52–53, 69–71, 79

cowboy 50–59, 60, 65–68, 73, 84–85, 98, 158, 163, 169, 178, 198, 206, 225

Crane, Stephen (The Red Badge of Courage) 43

Cross, Gary 173, 175

Daly, Augustin 6

Dana, Richard Henry (Two Years Before the Mast) 168–169

Dean, Anne 159

Dickens, Charles 131–132, 245–246, n. 22

Dickey, James (Deliverance) 76, 80–81

Dinnerstein, Dorothy 91, 95

divorce

impact on children of 117, 126

Dreiser, Theodore (The Financier, Sister Carrie) 17, 25, 33, 246, n. 26

Drew, John 6–7

relativity of cultural norms for masculinity and

Dumas, Didier 149

Dyer, Richard 228

Ehrenreich, Barbara 117

Emerson, Ralph Waldo 64

Eliot, T. S. 171

Erikson, Erik H. 104, 157, 167, 172, 176

Faludi, Susan (Stiffed: The Betrayal of the American Man) 173–175, 209–210

father-son relationship

absent father 92, 93, 94, 96, 105, 123–129, 132, 136

ambivalence and conflict in 93–94, 127–129, 131, 136

difficult transition of men to parenthood 175–176, 181, 226

father’s betrayal of son 103, 104, 126–127, 136, 175

role of father in gender socialization 92, 97, 102–103, 135–136, 138–139, 141

son’s idealization of father 68, 101–103, 110, 123–124, 128, 213

son’s identification with 46, 66, 90, 92, 93–95, 99–100, 103, 124–125, 133

See under Oedipus complex under Freud

Fiedler, Leslie 156, 158

film noir 10, 27, 31, 40, 67, 147, 160, 228, 233, 235, 236

Fine, Gary Alan 146–148

Freud, Anna 121–122

Freud, Sigmund 3, 51, 90, 92, 129, 131, 133, 160–161, 172, 176, 225

Oedipus complex 93–95, 99, 124

Totem and Taboo 128

frontier masculinity

Mamet and 60–89

See also frontier under macho, American

gangsters

See under under capitalism

gender

as a social relation 1, 46–147, 151, 157, 165, 226

continuum rather than binary opposition 136, 157, 158–159, 182

distinguished from biological sex 1, 133

language and

See genderlects

nature versus nurture as an ill-posed question 1, 136–137

professions and 219–221

rituals of 40, 45, 70, 75, 76, 77, 79, 80, 82, 84–85, 87, 88, 143, 148, 152, 154, 158, 215, 227

See under gender displays

relativity of norms 2–4, 6–10, 66, 157, 158

See also boy culture, macho, American, masculinity

gender identity, acquisition of

advertisements, role in 141–142

body and 92–93

children’s literature and 91–92, 97–99, 125

cognitive-developmental theory and 134, 140

contingency of 147, 165, 225

family’s influence on 3, 90, 131, 138

See under Oedipus complex under Freud

gender conflict 3, 61, 65, 93, 94, 100, 131, 178

gender confusion 1, 3, 65, 92–93, 139, 143, 147, 173, 211

gender consistency 140

gender constancy 139–140

gender identity 3, 83, 90, 92, 93, 98, 100, 126, 128–129, 131, 133–137, 139–140, 143, 147, 172, 225

gender lenses (gender polarization, androcentrism, biological essentialism) 136

gender stability 140

peers and

See under boy culture

play and

See under boy culture

social construction of 83, 85, 143, 159, 178, 218, 222

social-learning theory and 133–134, 140–141

stereotypes and

See under boy culture

television and 60, 141, 213

trauma of 90, 94, 124–125, 129, 174, 225

toys and gender socialization 139, 141, 227

gender rebels 143, 144, 214–223

genderlects 182–185, 187–188, 189, 190–191, 192, 193–198, 200–207

consensus and 144, 151, 182–183

Genet, Jean 241–242

genteel patriarchs 3, 7, 9–12, 38–39, 50–51, 54, 57, 198, 244, n. 7

Gilmore, David 175

Goffman, Erving 2, 82

Goodall, Jane 96

Granville-Barker, Harley (The Voysey Inheritance) 21–23, 24, 59

Greenblatt, Stephen 9

Greene, Graham 108, 131–132

Hacker, Helen Mayer 65

Harlow, Harry F. 97–98, 110, 113

Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich 94, 123

Hemingway, Ernest 10, 25, 31, 39, 41, 55, 87–88, 99–100, 103, 168, 207, 212

Hoffman, Dustin 20, 24

Hofstadter, Richard

and status anxiety 209, 271, n. 140

Holmes, Janet 189, 192, 202, 206

homoeroticism 38, 152–154, 163, 250, n. 80

homosexual 63, 98, 99, 116, 219, 220, 249, n. 69

Horrocks, Roger 90, 100

Huffman, Felicity 4, 105, 111, 116

Jackson, Andrew 9–10

James, Henry (The Bostonians) 37

Judaism

and Mamet 74, 255, n. 36

Kerouac, Jack (On the Road) 61, 72, 133, 152–153

Kiley, Dan 162

Kimmel, Michael 173–175, 226

Kindlon, Dan 99, 104

kinetic realism in American theater 207–209

Kipling, Rudyard 72, 131–132, 158

Kohlberg, Lawrence (cognitive- developmental theory) 139–140

Kurosawa, Akira 49

Lacan, Jacques 94, 258, n. 12

Lahr, John 12, 110, 120, 130

Lawrence, D. H. 43

Lever, Janet 150

Leverenz, David 151, 168

Levinson, Daniel J. 165, 166, 172, 182

Lewis, Sinclair (Babbitt) 81

Lincoln, Abraham 11

London, Jack (The Sea-Wolf) 38–39, 50, 72

Looney Tunes 145–146

Maccoby, Eleanor E. 137, 140–143, 146–148, 151, 152

macho, American

aggression and 28, 45, 56, 61, 141, 148, 152, 189

anger and 10, 50, 54, 135, 196, 214

alcohol (getting drunk) and 39, 50, 141, 158, 159, 161, 162, 176–178, 179

body as anchor of 37–40, 42, 43, 60, 82, 83, 84, 163, 174, 225, 226

crime and 11, 156–157, 159, 160, 217

See also capitalism and gangsters

fantasies of masculinity in the construction of 2, 57, 84, 85, 87, 94, 124, 128, 159–161, 211, 212–213, 217, 225, 226

frontier’s influence on 3, 7, 9, 11, 23, 25, 42–43, 57, 67, 68, 75, 79–82, 124, 141, 161, 220, 224

guns and 58, 66, 68, 70, 99, 163, 213, 228

hunting and 9, 38, 63, 64, 68, 71, 75, 80, 81–82, 88, 99, 103, 228

individualism and 36, 64

macho scripts and 160–161, 163, 176, 207

muscles and 9, 10, 37–40, 141, 174, 225

mystique of (allure) 3, 37, 44, 58, 61, 80, 179, 241–242

sex and 51, 53–54, 55, 84–85, 87, 161, 169–171, 179

sports and 2, 37–38, 135–136, 142, 143, 150, 152

violence and 10, 16, 25, 26, 29, 31, 39, 40, 42–43, 45, 50, 52–57, 61, 62, 67, 70, 74, 148–155, 174, 207, 229

war and 9, 43–49, 52, 61–64, 69, 79, 103, 110, 124, 128, 141, 150, 151, 152, 158, 213

See also masculinity

Macy, William H. 184, 188–189, 192, 194, 195, 196–197, 200, 202–205, 207, 210, 237–238

Mahler, Margaret S. (The Psychological Birth of the Human Infant) 91, 92

Mamet, David

ambivalence towards American macho and alternative vision of masculinity 3, 5, 72–74, 79, 80–82, 88–89, 179, 211, 214–218, 224–225, 227, 228, 235, 240–242

autobiographical elements in plays 108, 110, 114, 121–122

director of his plays 102, 104, 106, 107, 110, 112–113, 115, 116, 119, 181, 184, 189, 202, 208, 210

poetic language in 171

politics of 248, n. 61

subtext in 180

works by:

American Buffalo 18, 19, 21, 24, 30, 43, 58, 67, 74, 161, 184

The Cabin 121–122

The Cryptogram 101–113, 115–121, 122–124, 125–126, 127–132, 260, n. 52

The Deerslayer 69–71, 73

“The Dog” 134–136, 138

Donny March 108, 127–128, 130–131

Duck Variations 105

The Edge 74–79

Faustus 126–127, 128, 132, 181

Glengarry Glen Ross 4, 30, 43, 165, 166, 171

Heist 30–31, 228–235, 236

Hoffa 15–17, 30, 59

“Homespun Fog” 86

Lakeboat 135, 138, 158–172, 174, 179, 219, 225–226, 266, n. 80

Lansky 30, 148–157, 163

“Late Season Hunt” 81–82, 84, 87, 88

Lone Canoe 72–74, 79

The Old Neighborhood 78, 106, 108–109, 112, 113–115, 122, 123, 132

Oleanna 43, 68, 86, 114, 122, 180, 182–210

“A Playwright in Hollywood” 237

The Poet and the Rent 211, 218–223

Redbelt 30, 39–43, 59

Reunion 68, 176–182

Revenge of the Space Pandas 211–218

Sexual Perversity in Chicago 179

The Spanish Prisoner 19

Spartan 45

Speed-the-Plow 43, 78, 161

Squirrels 105

State and Main 228, 235, 237–241

“Stress” 48

3 [Three] Uses of the Knife 72

Things Change 267

True and False 113, 222, 240

“Two Coins” 30

The Unit 45–49, 59

The Untouchables 25–30, 31–33, 59

The Verdict 78, 198

The Voysey Inheritance (adapted from Granville-Barker) 21–23, 24, 59

The Water Engine 18–19, 22, 30, 58

A Wasted Weekend 80–81, 84

“What Men Talk About When They’re Alone” 85–86

Mantegna, Joe 160

masculinity

clothes and 3, 53, 68, 83–86, 140, 142, 168–169, 242

economic factors and 8, 10–12, 34–37, 63, 164–168, 174, 209–210, 219–222, 228–229, 234–235

feminism and 1, 37, 64, 100, 209–210, 224, 226, 227, 234

good provider role and 14, 35–36, 66, 200, 209, 210

hegemonic 2, 49, 74, 147, 155, 156, 157, 177, 225, 226, 227

historical evolution of 6–12, 49–54, 61–66

language and

See genderlects

male gender displays 38, 39, 82–83, 88, 144, 182, 184, 225

malaise of 2, 80, 95, 210, 224, 225

manhood versus masculinity (historical shift in gender norms) 2, 3, 8–11, 36, 39, 43, 50, 52, 54, 57, 60

See also genteel patriarchs

misogyny and 95, 131, 149, 219

representation of in films and movies 39, 40, 42–43, 44, 46–47, 56, 58, 62, 65–67, 79, 155, 217, 225, 228

performativity of, 2, 3, 5, 8, 10, 51, 68, 75, 80–83, 85, 87–88, 135, 137, 141–144, 147, 151, 157, 165, 168–169, 170–171, 174, 176, 182, 184, 187, 190, 191, 198, 206, 224–226

See under Judith Butler

repression of the capacity to nurture

See under boy culture

social class and 164–168

social construction of

See under under gender acquisition

trauma and

See under under gender acquisition

work and 34–37, 165–167, 172, 174, 176, 209, 219–220

See also macho, American

McDonough, Carla 166

Mellen, Joan 42–43, 49, 62

men’s movement, the 80

Miller, Alice 104, 119, 122

Mintz, Steven 158

Mischel, Walter (social learning theory applied to gender) 134

Moody, William Vaughn (The Great Divide) 50–51

relation to Chicago 252, n. 110

mother-son relationship

momism 64

son’s identification with 3, 90–96, 97–101, 104, 128–131, 134, 139–140, 175, 225

revolt against

See under Boy Culture

Norris, Frank (McTeague) 17, 38, 49, 57, 251–252, n. 108

neurasthenia 39, 50, 252, n. 121

O’Neill, Eugene 10, 101, 136, 166, 168

Osherson, Samuel 136, 175

Peter Pan Syndrome 162, 172, 173

Pidgeon, Rebecca 4, 192–193, 194, 195–197, 200–202, 204–205, 210, 231, 232, 233–234, 238, 239

Pittman, Frank 133, 136, 175

Pleck, Joseph H. 177–178

Plummer, David 216–217

Pollack, William 99, 126, 144

Putnam, Robert D. (Bowling Alone) 74

realism, kinetic in Mamet 208–209

Riesman, David (The Lonely Crowd) 63

rituals

gender

See under under gender

religious 72–73

Rockwell, Norman 52

Roosevelt, Theodore 9, 43, 44

Rose, Jacqueline 100

Rotundo, E. Anthony 149, 152, 157, 172, 177

Rubin, Gayle 100

Rubin, Lillian B. 120, 129

Rubin, Zick 182

Sandow, Eugen 38

Sartre, Jean-Paul 77, 108, 181, 241

Schaefer, Jack (Shane) 58, 60, 66

Schechner, Richard 87

Schlesinger, Arthur, Jr. 64

Shaloub, Tony 115

Shane 58, 60, 66–67

Sinclair, Upton (The Jungle) 13–14, 34, 245–246, n. 22

Slotkin, Richard 43

Spitz, René 98

Tannen, Deborah 183–184, 208–209

Tarzan 69, 244–245, n. 10

Terkel, Studs 167

Thompson, Michael 99, 104

Thorne, Barrie 142–143, 147, 216, 217–218

Tompkins, Jane 73

Trachtenberg, Alan (The Incorporation of America) 246, n. 26

tragedy

and Mamet’s dramaturgy 101, 122–123, 210, 271, n. 142, 273, n. 8

Turner, Frederick Jackson (“The Significance of the Frontier in American History”) 9, 68, 220

Twain, Mark 10, 52, 81, 156, 168

Tyler, Royall (The Contrast) 7, 34–35, 70

Veblen, Thorstein (The Theory of the Leisure Class) 21, 34, 61

Wallerstein, Judith 126

Washington, George 3, 9, 244, n. 6

Wayne, John 44, 45–46, 61, 62–63, 74

Weiss, Robert S. 118

West, Candace and Don H. Zimmerman 82, 188

Western movies 56, 58, 60, 62, 65–68, 73, 74, 84–85, 178, 217, 251, n. 105, 254, n. 21 and n. 22

Whyte, William H. (The Organization Man) 63

Wilder, Thornton (Our Town) 7–8, 61

Wister, Owen (The Virginian) 52–58, 80, 84

Woolf, Virginia 101

World War II, impact on gender order 64–65

Wright, Will (Six Guns and Society) 66

Wylie, Philip 64

Zigler, Scott 119

Zola, Émile 49–50




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