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Famine and Death in Occupied Greece, 1941–1944
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  • Page extent: 282 pages
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  • Weight: 0.38 kg
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 (ISBN-13: 9781107405431)

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  • Published July 2012

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Famine and Death in Occupied Greece, 1941–1944

Cambridge University Press
0521829321 - Famine and Death in Occupied Greece, 1941–1944 - by Violetta Hionidou
Index


Index

Aegean islands 13, 59, 61, 68, 73, 86, 141

Africa 23, 57, 76, 92 n. 62, 190 n. 4, 214

Agapitides, S. 88 n. 40, 103

Agios Eustratios 228 n. 14

agricultural production 2, 5, 11, 34, 38, 46, 68, 69 n. 4, 71, 72, 73, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 94, 104, 147

Albania 144

Aliveri 38

Allard 65, 105, 132, 133, 136, 137

Amorgos 102

Andros 148

Ano Mera 25

Ano Syros 20, 20 n. 70, 21, 156, 164, 164 n. 23, 165, 205, 208

Ankara 17, 130, 145

Antananarivo 167 n. 29, 176, 208, 214, 215, 217

Antananarivo, famine in 167 n. 29, 176, 208, 214, 215, 217

Argenti family 24

Argenti, P. 154

Armolia 75

Arno 65

Arnold, D. 214

Asia Minor 9, 21, 38, 104, 148, 150 n. 18, 153, 178 n. 59, 229

Athens 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 17, 28, 29, 32, 34, 34 n. 7, 35, 38, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 49, 50, 54, 55, 56, 57, 61, 68, 82, 83, 86, 90, 91, 92, 92 n. 64, 93, 93 n. 64, 94, 94 n. 67, 95, 97, 105, 107, 111, 113, 115, 117, 119, 120, 122, 124, 125, 126, 128, 131, 132, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 145, 146 n. 214, 147, 148, 149, 156, 157, 159 n. 4, 160, 160 nn. 5–6, 163, 164, 165, 167, 167 n. 28, 172, 173, 184 n. 62, 186, 187, 188, 193, 196, 199, 200, 202, 202 n. 62, 203, 203 n. 64, 229, 231, 232

Athens administration 4

Attica 65

Australia 23


Bangladeshi famine 82, 88

barter 44, 45, 94, 98, 105, 107, 147, 228

Belgian Congo 153

Bengali famine 82

Berlin 51

bishop of:

   Hios 110, 117, 122, 231 n. 27, 238 n. 9

   Karustos and Skuros 38

   Syros 117 n. 45

black market 5, 11, 34, 35, 39, 43, 44, 74, 78, 85, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92 n. 62, 93, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 99 n. 97, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104 n. 111, 105, 106, 107, 108, 230

blockade 3, 5, 8, 13, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 34, 40, 82, 111, 130, 131, 132, 135, 235, 236

Britain 8, 10, 132, 140, 236

British army 33

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) 2, 65, 76

British government 6, 14, 16, 17, 18, 19, 49, 65, 131, 131 n. 127, 132, 133, 134, 135, 145, 147, 153

British soldiers 15

Bulgaria 16, 80


Cairo 10, 49

Calvocoreses, L. M. 50, 52, 72 n. 20, 94 n. 69, 146 n. 211, 152, 154, 154 n. 45, 212 n. 75

Campioni, Governor of the Aegean 53

Canadian government 135

Canterbury, Archbishop of 16

Cederschiöld, Gunnar 131 n. 127

central government 49, 50, 51, 53 n. 25, 55, 83, 111, 114, 116, 117, 118, 120, 128;

      see Greek government in Athens

Chios 57, 58, 65; see also Hios

Church 113, 120, 120 n. 66, 121, 122, 124, 229

Churchill, Winston 15, 18, 235, 235 n. 1

civil registration 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 158, 192, 204, 221

civil war 1, 8, 20, 26, 31, 237, 238, 239

Communists, 9, 10, 47, 87 n. 39, 96 n.76, 105 n. 111, 106, 110, 128, 137, 228 n. 14, 239; see ELAS, EAM EAM

Cleveland, W. C. 88 n. 40, 90 n. 52

conceptions 6

Copanares, P. 231; see also Kopanares, P.

cost of living 33, 44, 94

Crete 10, 13, 16, 45, 49, 53, 56, 59, 63 n. 38, 64, 82, 94, 116, 136, 144, 146 n. 214

Cyclades 4, 20, 25, 45, 46, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 63, 64, 69, 71 n. 13, 74, 85, 86, 89 n. 46, 90, 92, 93, 93 n. 64, 94, 96, 99 n. 97, 107, 118, 143, 144, 148, 149, 163, 201

Cyprus 153


Dar es Salaam 153

Dalton, H. 15, 19, 130

Damaskenos, Archbishop 45 n. 44, 113, 120, 120 nn. 66–67, 121

data 2, 3, 6, 7, 19, 24, 26, 29, 34 n. 6, 80, 158, 165, 172, 188, 189, 192, 203, 204, 212, 214, 217, 218, 222, 223, 224, 229

De Waal, A. 214

Delivanis, D. 88 n. 40, 103

Dhenousa 238

Diamond, W. 13 n. 30

Dodecanese 34 n. 7, 42 n. 25, 55 n. 37, 103 n. 108, 107, 144

Donner party 176

Doumanis, Nicholas 103 n. 108

Duca, Colonel, governor of the Cyclades 53

Drèze, Jean, 109

Dyson, T. 178


EAM (National Liberation Front) 2, 44, 96, 106, 110, 127, 129, 140, 147, 238, 239

Eden, Anthony 15, 16, 18, 19, 127, 128

Egypt 23, 130, 150

ELAS 129, 129 n. 114, 137

England 8, 135

entitlements 7, 220, 233

EOHA (National Organisation of Christian Solidarity) 121, 121 nn. 75–76,122, 123, 124, 124 n. 91, 126, 200 n. 44

Epirus 32, 34, 43, 44, 46, 47, 89 n. 48, 94, 143, 144, 163, 201

Ethiopia 83

Ethnike Alluleggue (National Solidarity) 128, 129

Etmektsoglou-Koehn, Gabriella 64, 64 n. 44

Europe 23, 236

Evros 84


fertility 6

Fitzpatrick, D. 176

Foege, W. H. 215

France 8, 108


Gallagher, Hubert R. 231 n. 31

Gatopoulos, Dem. 92 n. 64, 103

German administration 4, 116

German army 58, 59, 60, 84, 117, 200

German authorities 14, 51, 52, 58, 59, 60, 64, 65, 92, 104, 105, 107, 122, 137, 138, 139, 141, 146, 150

German commander 52, 53, 59, 75, 83, 84, 116, 117

Germany 10, 11, 14, 55, 57, 58, 76, 82, 125, 133, 156, 196, 200, 237

Gotzamanes, Minister of Provisioning 121

Greek administration 4

Greek government in Athens 2, 4, 17, 23, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 63, 66, 73, 74, 75, 82, 83, 86, 89, 90, 107, 111, 114, 115, 116, 118, 120, 127, 128, 136, 142, 145, 146, 147, 229, 231, 232, 238, 239; (see also central government)

Greek government in exile 10, 17, 18, 49, 68, 130, 135, 140, 145, 153, 154, 239

Greek Red Cross in London 16

Greek War Relief Association (GWRA) 17, 18, 130, 135

Greek War Relief Fund 135


Halares, D. N. 26 n. 96

Halkeios 75

Halkidike 101, 102, 104, 148 n. 4

Helger, B. 34 n. 6, 110

Hermoupolis 20, 21, 26, 27, 38, 42, 54, 97, 100, 111, 148, 149, 158, 159 n. 4, 164, 164 n. 23, 165, 187, 193, 194, 200, 201 n. 54, 202 n. 54, 204, 205, 208, 237

Hios 3, 4, 6, 8 n. 3, 11, 12, 12 n. 22, 14, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 42 n. 25, 44, 45, 48, 50, 52, 53, 58, 59, 60, 64, 69, 69 nn. 4–9, 71, 71 n. 10, 71 nn. 13–15, 72 n. 16, 72 nn. 19–21, 73 n. 27, 74, 75, 75 n. 36, 75 n. 39, 76, 76 n. 44, 77, 77 n. 45, 78 n. 52, 79, 82, 83, 84, 87 n. 37, 89 n. 50, 90 n. 55, 91, 94, 94 n. 69, 95, 97, 98 nn. 90–91, 101, 102 nn. 105–106, 103 n. 107, 104, 105 n. 118, 106, 107, 110, 111 n. 10, 112, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 122, 124, 125, 128, 131, 138, 139, 139 n. 170, 141, 142, 143, 145, 148 n. 1, 148 n. 4, 149, 149 n. 8, 149 nn. 10–11, 150, 150 n. 18, 151 n. 26, 152, 152 nn. 32–34, 153, 153 n. 36, 152 nn. 40–41, 154, 154 n. 43, 156, 157, 158, 159 n. 4, 160, 164, 164 n. 16, 164 n. 19, 165, 167, 169, 170, 170 n. 34, 172, 173, 175, 175 n. 48, 177 n. 56, 178, 178 n. 59, 184 n. 62, 185, 187, 187 n. 70, 188, 192, 193 n. 19, 194, 201, 201 n. 52, 202, 202 n. 55, 202 nn. 57–58, 203, 204, 204 n. 69, 205, 208, 208 n. 73, 210, 210 n. 74, 212, 222, 223, 224, 228, 228 n. 15, 229, 229 n. 18, 230, 232, 233 nn. 36–37, 237

Hitler, Adolf 14

Hoffmann, P. 16 n. 41

Hondros, John Louis 13 n. 30, 79 n. 54

hospital 24, 141, 163, 164, 166, 187, 193, 196, 199, 201, 201 n. 52, 201 n. 54, 202, 202 n. 60, 204, 208, 208 n. 73, 222, 223

Hrestides, Hr. 124

Hrysanthos, Archbishop 113


Iatrides, J. O. 82 n. 3, 238 n. 11

India 217, 219

infant mortality 24, 25, 25 n. 92, 159, 170

inflation 3, 32, 33, 40, 44, 45, 78, 82, 94, 95, 103, 107, 147, 159 n. 4, 170 n. 34, 224, 229, 231

International Red Cross Committee (ICRC) 6, 14, 68, 125, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 139, 141, 200, 201

International Red Cross mission 19

Ionian islands 34 n. 7, 46, 54 n. 33, 55, 56, 80, 143, 144

Ireland 177

Irish famine 1, 31, 110, 158, 176, 214

Italian administration 4, 51, 56, 99, 99 n. 97, 101, 115, 144, 149

Italian army 87, 95, 149, 156

Italian authorities 62, 66, 71 n. 13, 72

Italian state 46, 55 n. 37

Italy 4, 10, 11, 14, 34 n. 7, 46, 53, 54, 95, 125, 143, 237

Izmir 153


Jews 38

Joint Relief Commission 2, 5, 6, 19, 39, 43, 45, 45 n. 44, 47, 49 n. 4, 50, 52, 54, 57, 64, 65, 66, 76, 79, 92, 94, 95, 104, 105, 107, 110, 113, 115, 121, 127, 128, 131, 132, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 148, 210 n. 74, 230, 233, 236, 238, 239

Junod, A. 17 n. 49, 132, 133


Keen, David, 109, 220, 238

KEPES (state cereal company) 73

KES (Central Committee of Soup Kitchens) 124, 125

King of Greece 8, 10, 16, 49

Koliou, Nitsa 55

Kopanares, P. 199 n. 33, 217 n. 89

Koryzis, Alexandros 10

Kymi 38, 92 n. 64


Laurio 38

League of Nations 9, 127 n. 101

Leukada 32 n. 1

Lesvos 53, 58, 59, 64, 65, 69, 84, 104, 105, 106, 107, 139, 143, 145, 202 n. 57, 228; see also Mytilene

Livi Bacci, M. 218 n. 90

London 24, 49, 143

Loulakakes, G. 52


Macedonia 13, 32, 47, 80, 101, 117, 145, 146, 199, 201

Mac Veagh 14

Madagascar 167 n. 29, 176, 214; see also Antananarivo Antananarivo

Madias G. E. 97 n. 87, 110 n. 7, 151 n. 24, 152 n. 31

Maharatna, A. 214

malaria 24, 43, 163, 163 n. 9, 164, 164 n. 19, 201, 201 n. 54, 202, 202 n. 54, 202 nn. 57–58, 212, 215, 217, 219

Margarites, Giorgos 2 n. 5, 73, 80, 87 n. 40, 238

Mavrogordatos, George 221, 221 n. 5

Mazower, M. 12 n. 23, 79 n. 54, 221 n. 7

Melos 52 n. 21

Metaxas, Ioannes 10

Middle East 17, 71, 153, 156

migration/population movement 6, 11, 13, 20, 23, 24, 26, 35, 46, 94, 98, 148, 149, 150, 151, 154, 156, 157, 169, 172, 173, 178, 185, 217, 227, 233, 237

Mihalos 124

Military Liaison (ML) 239

Ministry of Provisioning 115, 116, 118, 121, 122, 125, 139, 140, 146, 146 n. 214, 232, 238 n. 9

Mohn, Paul 45 n. 44, 49 n. 4, 127, 131, 133

Mokyr, Joel 217

Mombassa 153

mortality 1, 6, 7, 32, 33 n. 3, 34, 38, 39, 40, 43, 46, 48, 71, 89 n. 48, 108, 146, 158, 160, 163, 164, 165, 166, 166 n. 27, 167 n. 29, 168, 169, 170, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 184, 185, 186, 189, 190, 192, 196, 204, 205, 208, 210, 212, 213, 214, 215, 217, 221, 222, 224, 228, 230, 232, 233, 236

Mykonos 3, 6, 19, 20, 25, 26, 29, 30, 32, 74, 94 n. 67, 94 n. 67, 99, 104, 115, 148, 156, 158, 159 n. 4, 160, 163, 164, 165, 166 n. 27, 167, 169 n. 30, 170, 170 n. 34, 173, 178, 185, 187, 188, 192, 193 n. 19, 201, 203, 208, 210, 212, 221 n. 6, 229 n. 20

Mytilene 39, 45, 95, 101, 104, 105, 106, 136, 141, 156; see also Lesvos


Naxos 202 n. 54

NES (Prefect Committee of Soup Kitchens) 125

Netherlands 107, 108, 212

Neubacher, Hermann 42, 92

New York 14


Ó Gráda, Cormac 83, 176 n. 54, 192 n. 9, 217, 220

Olympoi 75

Oxfam 16


Palairet, Michael 49 n. 3

Palestine 153

Panagos, Thodoros 104 n. 111

Papademetriou, G. 184 n. 62

Papandreou, G. 235, 235 n. 1

Papastratos 124

Paros 156, 202 n. 54

Paxoi 32 n. 1

Peloponnese 12 n. 23, 32, 47, 136

Petzetakes, M. 174 n. 45

Piraeus 19, 28, 29, 34, 35, 49, 92 n. 64, 122, 126, 128, 131, 138, 141, 148, 160, 160 nn. 5–6, 163, 165, 167, 167 n. 28, 175, 188, 193, 199, 200, 202 n. 62, 203 n. 64

Plenipotentiary 14, 51, 94, 199, 200

population movement, see migration migration

Poros 92 n. 64

Post, J. D. 219

propaganda 2, 4, 66, 76, 200, 236, 239

Prokos, E. 52

public health 24, 194, 196, 199, 200, 203, 205, 217, 218, 229 n. 16, 231 nn. 26–27


Quakers 16


Ralles, Ioannes 49, 110, 124, 137, 138

Ralles, Petros 55, 143

Raphael, R. 17

Ravallion, Martin 82, 88

Red Crescent 17, 130, 145

Red Cross 19, 34, 38, 40, 46, 52, 64 n. 44, 79, 91, 120, 122, 125, 126, 129, 134, 135, 138, 139, 142, 143, 145, 151, 152, 200, 201

Red Cross Committee (local or in 1941–2) 40, 106, 110, 124, 132, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143

refugees 6, 21, 34 n. 7, 38, 47, 104, 118, 228, 229, 232

relief 2, 3, 5, 32, 34, 40, 45, 46, 71, 109, 110, 111, 113, 114, 118, 119, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 131 n. 127, 132, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 151, 152, 153, 154, 156, 163, 163 n. 8, 164, 172, 177, 185, 216, 224, 230, 231, 232, 233, 235, 236, 238, 239

requisitioning 2, 4, 14, 46, 57, 58, 64, 65, 66, 66 n. 54, 67, 76, 77, 96, 135, 137, 138, 235

resistance 2, 26, 33, 46, 47, 50, 51, 76, 118, 129, 140, 144, 145, 232, 233, 239

Rhodes 34 nn. 6–7, 53, 54, 55, 56, 63, 86

Rigouzzo’s diary 40 n. 19, 42 n. 26, 43 n. 35, 44 n. 42, 50 n. 6, 53 n. 29, 61, 61 n. 29, 63 n. 39, 63 n. 41, 72 n. 17, 88 n. 41, 148 n. 4, 149 n. 7, 156 n. 51, 190 n. 1, 200 n. 46, 203 n. 68, 224 n. 9, 229 n. 19, 237 n. 6, 238 n. 10

Rivers, J. P. W. 174

Rockefeller Foundation 9

Rome 54

Roncalli, A. 16

Roosevelt, F. D. 17, 18, 19

Russia 8


Samos 39, 45, 53, 55, 64, 64 n. 44, 65, 66 n. 54, 69, 93 n. 64, 94, 100 n. 101, 124, 143, 145, 153, 156, 232

Sandström, Emil 45, 79, 95

Security Battalions 47, 47 n. 59, 137, 138, 239

Sen, Amartya 7, 82, 109, 220, 233, 234

Serifos 40

Skylitsi 24

Smith, Adam 88

South America 23

Sterea Hellas 44, 163, 201

Stockholm 132, 133, 140

Sudan 83, 109

Sweden 131, 135

Swedish government 65, 131, 132, 134, 135

Switzerland 135

Syria 153

Syros 3, 4, 6, 14, 18, 19, 20, 26, 29, 30, 32, 42 n. 27, 44, 48, 50, 52, 53, 54, 55 nn. 36–39, 61, 62, 63 n. 39, 64, 66, 69 n. 6, 71, 71 n. 11, 72, 73 n. 22, 73 n. 27, 74, 82, 83, 85, 87 n. 34, 88, 92 n. 64, 98 n. 91, 99, 99 n. 96, 100 n. 98, 101, 102, 102 nn. 103–106, 107, 111 n. 10, 115, 115 n. 33, 117, 117 n. 51, 118 n. 56, 122, 124, 124 n. 90, 131, 142, 143, 148, 148 n. 4, 149 nn. 7–9, 156, 156 n. 50, 160, 164, 165, 167, 170, 173, 178, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 192, 193 n. 19, 200, 201, 201 n. 50, 202, 203, 204, 204 n. 69, 205, 208, 208 n. 73, 210, 212, 222, 224, 224 n. 9, 228, 230, 231 n. 29, 232, 233 nn. 36–37, 237


tax 2, 5, 50, 51, 68, 75, 76, 77, 78, 80, 81, 90, 108, 111, 119, 147, 224, 233

Teklu, Tesfaye 82

Tenos 99

Theotokas, M. G. 79, 117, 138, 140, 142, 143

Thessalonike 8, 26, 34, 34 n. 7, 35, 38, 42 n. 28, 43, 52, 56, 58, 61, 73, 73 n. 27, 79, 90, 93 n. 64, 115, 120, 128, 139, 141, 142, 145, 146, 156, 159 n. 4, 160, 160 nn. 5–6, 163, 163 n. 8, 165, 181, 184, 199, 199 n. 36, 231 n. 27

Thessaly 34, 48, 163, 201

Thrace 13, 34 n. 7, 80, 127 n. 105, 163

Tsatsou, Ioanna, 124

Tsolacoglou, Georgios 10, 49, 120, 121

Tsouderos, E. I. 10, 16, 16 n. 44, 17, 18, 19, 130, 140 n. 180

tuberculosis 186 n. 68, 196, 201, 202, 202 n. 60, 205, 208, 210, 212, 213, 214

Turkey 9, 13, 16, 17, 19, 23, 34, 59, 84, 94, 117, 118, 121, 125, 130, 131, 139, 145, 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 156, 157, 202 n. 58

Turkish government 152


UNRRA (United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration) 80, 134, 148, 236

USA 16, 17, 18, 23, 130, 135, 236

USA government 3, 14, 16, 17, 18, 19, 131, 134, 135, 154

USSR 130


Valaoras, V. 173, 196

Vatican 16

Vaughan, Megan, 177

Venizelos, E. 8, 9

Volissos 77

Volos 55, 97, 115, 118, 141

Von Braun, Joachim 82

Vrontados 3, 19, 23, 24, 69, 97, 156, 158, 159 n. 4, 160, 204, 205, 208, 222


Warsaw Ghetto 208, 212, 218 n. 90

Webb, Patrick 82


Zannas, Alexandros D 16 n. 44, 124, 125


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