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Cosmic Catastrophes
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  • Page extent: 358 pages
  • Size: 228 x 152 mm
  • Weight: 0.68 kg

Library of Congress

  • Dewey number: 523.84465
  • Dewey version: 22
  • LC Classification: QB843.S95 W48 2007
  • LC Subject headings:
    • Stars
    • Supernovae
    • Black holes (Astronomy)
    • Hyperspace

Library of Congress Record

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 (ISBN-13: 9780521857147)

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Cosmic Catastrophes Cambridge University Press
978-0-521-85714-7 - Cosmic Catastrophes - by J. Craig Wheeler
Index


Index

ADAF, see accretion flow, advection-dominated

ADIOS, see advection-dominated inflow-outflow solutions

Abbott, Edwin

Abramowicz, Marek

accretion

accretion disk

accretion disk thermal instability

accretion flow, advection-dominated (ADAF)

convection-dominated (CDAF)

magnetically-dominated (MDAF)

accretion induced collapse

active galactic nuclei

active galaxies

Advanced X-ray Astronomy Facility, see see Chandra X-ray Observatory

advection

advection-dominated accretion flow (ADAF), see accretion flow, advection-dominated

advection-dominated inflow-outflow solutions (ADIOS)

afterglow

age of the Universe, see Universe, age of

Akerlof, Carl

Akiyama, Shizuka

Algol

Algol paradox

Alpha Centauri

American Astronomical Society

Anderson, Carl David

Andromeda galaxy

Anglo-Australian Observatory

angular momentum

conservation of

annihilation, of electrons

of matter

of particles

anomalous X-ray pulsars

anthropic principle

anti-de Sitter space

antielectrons

antigravity

antimatter

antineutrinos

antineutron

antineutron star

antiparticles

antiphoton

antiproton

AO620–00

argon

arrow of time

asteroid

astres occlus

atomic nuclei

Australia

axis, magnetic

spin

axis of rotation, see axis, spin

Baade, Dietrich

Babylon 5

Back to the Future

Balbus, Steve

bar magnet, see pole, magnetic

bare core

Barkat, Zalman

Barthelmy, Scott

baryon

conservation of

baryon number, see baryon

baryonic matter, see baryon

beaming

Begelman, Mitch

Bell, Jocelyn

BeppoSAX

Betelgeuse

big bang

big crunch

big rip

Bignami, Giovanni

binary, close

wide

binary black holes, see black hole, in binary

binary evolution, see binary stars

binary orbit, see binary stars

binary pulsars

binary star evolution, see binary stars

binary stars

binary system, see binary stars

binding energy, nuclear

biocomplexity

biological clock

black hole

in binary

no hair

rotating

Schwarzschild

supermassive

time

black hole evaporation

black hole X-ray nova

Black Holes and Time Warps: Einstein’s Outrageous Legacy

Black Widow system

Blandford, Roger

blast wave, relativistic

blazar

Bloom, Josh

blue sheet

blue shift

blue supergiant

bomb, thermonuclear

bomb tests, nuclear

bow shocks

bow wave

Brahe, Tycho

brane worlds

brightness-decline relationship, see supernova, brightness-decline relationship

Bromm, Volker

bulge, galactic

bulk

burning, nuclear, see thermonuclear burning

thermonuclear burning

subsonic

supersonic

Burst and Transient Source Experiment (BATSE)

bursting pulsar

CDAF, see accretion flow, convection-dominated

calcium

high-velocity

calculus

Caldwell, Robert

Calgalleon

Calabi-Yau space

calibrated candle

carbon

carbon burning

carbon density

carbon ignition

carbon monoxide

Cassini spacecraft

Cassiopeia A

cataclysmic variable

Centaurus X-3

Centaurus X-4

Center for Astronomical Telegrams

center of the Galaxy, see Galactic center

center of mass

centrifugal force

Cerenkov radiation

Chandler, Jeff

Chandra X-ray Observatory

Chandrasekhar, Subramanyan

Chandrasekhar limit, see Chandrasekhar mass

Chandrasekhar mass

Chandrasekhar mass limit, see Chandrasekhar mass

charge, conservation of

electrical

charge repulsion

Chinese guest star

Chinese historical records

chlorine

Choptuik, Matt

chromosomal damage

Chu, You-Hua

circumference

classical nova, see nova, classical

cluster, stellar

cluster of galaxies

cobalt-56

Colgate, Stirling

collapsar

comets

common envelope

compact space

Compton, Arthur Holly

Compton Gamma Ray Observatory

Compton scattering

concordance model

conservation laws

conservation of angular momentum, see angular momentum, conservation of

conservation of baryons, see baryons, conservation of

conservation of charge, see charge, conservation of

conservation of energy, see energy, conservation of

conservation of leptons, see leptons, conservation of

conservation of momentum, see linear momentum, conservation of

Contact (movie)

Contact (novel)

Conti, Peter

convection-dominated accretion flow, see accretion flow, convection-dominated

Coonabarabran

core bounce

core collapse

core, carbon/oxygen

helium

iron, see iron core

oxygen

oxygen/neon/magnesium

stellar

corona

corps obscur

Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE)

cosmic background radiation

cosmic censorship

cosmic rays

cosmological constant

cosmology

Crab nebula

Crab nebula pulsar

Cronkite, Walter

Crucifixion (Corpus Hypercubus)

crust, neutron star

cubism

curvature of the Universe, see Universe, curvature of

curved space

Cygnus X-1

30 Doradus

Dali, Salvadore

dark ages

dark energy

dark matter

Davis, Raymond

death line

death valley

Deep Space 9, see Star Trek: Deep Space 9

deflagration

deflagration-to-detonation models

deflection of light

density

detonation

dipole field, see magnetic field, dipole

disk-heating instability, see accretion disk thermal instability

Dopita, Michael

Doppler shift

drag

duality

Duhalde, Oscar

Duncan, Robert

duplicity

dust

dwarf star, see star, dwarf

dwarf nova, see nova, dwarf

dynamic equilibrium

dynamite

dynamo

E = mc2

Earth

Earth atmosphere

Earth ionosphere

Earth orbit

eclipse

Eddington, Sir Arthur

Eddington limit luminosity

Eddington mass accretion rate

Einstein, Albert

Einstein’s equations

Einstein’s theory of gravity, see gravity, Einstein’s theory of

Einstein’s theory of general relativity, see gravity, Einstein’s theory of

Einstein-Rosen bridge

Einstein

Einstein satellite

Ekpyrotic theory

electric field

electrical charge, see charge, electrical

electrical force, see force, electrical

electromagnetic force, see force, electromagnetic

electromagnetic radiation

electromagnetic wave

electron

electron capture

electron/positron pairs

electroweak force, see force, electroweak

ellipse

elliptical galaxy

embedding diagram

emergent properties

emission lines

energy

accretion

conservation of

gravitational

heat

negative

neutrinos

nuclear

orbital

quantum

radiation

rotation

shock

thermal

vacuum, see vacuum energy

energy density

Enterprise

entropy

envelope, common, see common envelope

helium

hydrogen

red giant

stellar

equator

equivalence principle

ergosphere

escape velocity

Euclid

European Southern Observatory

event horizon

evolution, stellar

exclusion principle

excretion disk

exotic matter

expanding universe

explosion, thermonuclear

Far East

Fermi, Enrico

fission, nuclear

flame

Flamsteed, John

flat space

Flatland

fluctuation

force, electrical

electromagnetic

electroweak

magnetic

nuclear

strong, see force, nuclear

weak

force of gravity

Frail, Dale

free fall

free will

frequency of light

frequency of pulses

friction

frozen star

fuel, thermonuclear

fusion, thermonuclear

galactic bulge, see bulge, galactic

Galactic center

Galaxy, Milky Way

galaxy, elliptical

irregular

spiral

Galileo spacecraft

Galileo (Galilei)

gallium

Gamezo, Vadim

gamma rays

gamma-ray burst

gamma-ray burst afterglow, see afterglow

gas, interstellar

Gebhardt, Karl

Geminga

Gemini telescopes

general relativity, see gravity, Einstein’s theory of

Genzel, Reinhardt

Gerardy, Chris

Ghez, Andrea

Giacconi, Riccardo

Ginga

Glashow, Sheldon

glitches

global positioning systems

globular cluster

gluons

Gnarrangalleon

Goddard Space Flight Center

Gott, James

Grand Unified Theory

grandfather paradox

graphite

Graves, Jenny

gravitational collapse

gravitational constant, Newton’s, see Newton’s constant

gravitation deceleration

gravitational energy, see energy, gravitational

gravitational force, see force of gravity

gravitational radiation

gravitational waves

gravitons

gravity

Einstein’s theory of

Newton’s theory of

GRB 970228

GRB 970508

GRB 971214

GRB 980425

GRB 990123

GRB 021004

GRB 030329

Green, Brian

GRO J1744–28

halo

half-life

Hamuy, Mario

Harkness, Robert

Hawking, Stephen

Hawking radiation

Hawley, John

heavy elements

Heisenberg, Werner

Heisenberg uncertainty principle, see Uncertainty Principle

helium

liquid

helium burning

helium core, see core, helium

helium envelope, see envelope, helium

helium ignition, see helium burning

helium nuclei

Henderson, Linda

Hercules X-1

Hewish, Anthony

High Energy Transient Explorer (HETE 1, HETE 2)

Hobby-Eberly Telescope

Höflich, Peter

Hogan, Craig

holograms

holographic principle

holographic universe

Homestake gold mine

Homo sapiens,

hot spot

Hubble, Edwin

Hubble constant

Hubble Space Telescope

Hulse, Russell

hydrogen

hydrogen bomb

hydrogen burning

hydrogen envelope, see envelope, hydrogen

hypernova

hyperspace

ignition, thermonuclear, see burning, thermonuclear

impenetrability

Industrial Revolution

infinity

inflation

information

information crisis

information theory

infrared

International Ultraviolet Explorer

Internet

interstellar gas, see gas, interstellar

interstellar matter, medium, see gas, interstellar

inverse-square law, apparent brightness

gravity

iron

iron-56

iron core

iron oxides

iron-peak elements

isotropic equivalent energy

J037–3039

jalapeño pepper

James Webb Space Telescope

Japanese

jet

jet-induced supernova, see supernova, jet-induced

Jupiter

Kamioka experiment

Kamiokande

Super

Keck telescopes

Kenya

Kepler, Johannes

Kepler’s first law

Kepler’s second law

Kepler’s third law

Kepler’s supernova, see supernova 1604

Kerr, Roy

Kerr black hole, see black hole, rotating

Khokhlov, Alexei

King Charles II

Kirshner, Robert

Klebesadel, Raymond

Korea

Kormendy, John

Kudritzki, Rolf

Kulkarni, Shrinivas

L5 Society

Lagrange, Joseph Louis, Comte

Lagrangian point, inner

second

third

fourth

fifth

Landau, Lev

LaPlace, Pierre Simon, Marquis de

Large Magellanic Cloud

Las Campanas Observatory

last stable circular orbit

Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Lead, South Dakota

Leo IX, Pope

lepton

conservation of

lepton number

Lewin, Walter

light, speed of

light curve, dwarf nova

nova

supernova

light travel time

light, ultraviolet, see radiation, ultraviolet

lighthouse effect

Limited Test Ban Treaty

linear momentum

conservation of

Linde, Andre

lines of magnetic force

liquid helium

lithium

little green men (LGM)

LMC X-3

Lobachevsky, Nikolai Ivanovich

Local Group

Los Alamos National Laboratory

luminosity

Eddington limit, see Eddington limit luminosity

luminosity of accretion

luminosity of gamma-ray bursts

luminosity of supernovae

Lyne, Andrew

M theory

M15

Magellan, Ferdinand

Magellanic Clouds

magnesium

magnetar

magnetic axis, see axis, magnetic

magnetic field

dipole

magnetic force, see force, magnetic

magnetic poles

magnetically-dominated accretion flow (MDAF), see accretion flow, magnetically-dominated

magnetopause

magnetosphere

magneto-rotational instability

main sequence, see star, main sequence

Manhattan Project

many world theory

Marion, Howie

Mars

Martin, Steve

mass

mass of particle

mass of star

mass

transfer

matricide paradox

matter density

Maxwell, James Clerk

McCall, Marshall

McDonald Observatory

McNaught, Rob

MDAF, see accretion flow, magnetically-dominated

Meier, David

Mercury

Messier see Andromeda galaxy

Middle Ages

Middle East

Milky Way, see Galaxy, Milky Way

millisecond pulsars

mini black holes

miniquasars

Minkowski, Rudolph

Mirabel, Felix

Mitchell, John

molecules

momentum

Moon

Mount Everest

Mount Stromlo Observatory

multiple stars

mutations

MXB 1730–335

mystery spot

naked singularity, see singularity

Namibia

Narayan, Ramesh

Nather, R. Edward

Native Americans

natural selection

nebula, planetary

negative energy

negative feedback

negative pressure

neon

neutrino

sterile

neutron

neutron drip

neutron star

maximum mass

neutron star crust, see crust, neutron star

Newton, Sir Isaac

Newton’s constant

Newton’s theory of gravity, see gravity, Newton’s theory of

nickel-56

Nobel Prize

noble gas

noodle effect

north pole

nova

classical

dwarf

recurrent

X-ray, see black hole X-ray nova

Nova Muscae 1991

Novak, Marcos

Novikov, Igor

Novikov Consistency Conjecture

nuclear bomb

nucleosynthesis

nuclear fission, see fission, nuclear

nuclear force, see force, nuclear

nuclear physics, see physics, nuclear

Occhialini, Giuseppe

Oda, Minoru

Olson, Roy

opacity

Oppenheimer, Robert

Oppenheimer-Volkoff limit

optical radiation, see radiation, optical

Oran, Elaine

orbit, planetary

stellar

orbital period, see period, orbital

orbital plane

Orion

Orion nebula

Ostriker, Jeremiah

oxygen

oxygen core, see core, oxygen

oxygen/neon/magnesium core, see core, oxygen/neon/magnesium

pair formation supernovae

Panagia, Nino

paradox, Algol, see Algol paradox

grandfather, see grandfather paradox

matricide, see matricide paradox

twin, see twin paradox

parallax

parallel lines

parallel propagation

Payne-Gaposhkin, Cecelia

p-branes

Penrose, Roger

Penrose process

period, orbital

Perlmutter, Saul

photon

physics, end of

nuclear

pi mesons

Picasso, Pablo

Picasso at the Lapin Agile

Planck area

Planck density

Planck length

Planck mass

Planck scale

Planck time

Planck’s constant

planet

planetary nebula

plasma

plateau, supernovae light curve

platinum

polarization

Polchinski, Joseph

pole, magnetic

pool-ball crisis

pool-ball physics

positive feedback

positron

pressure

pressure, negative, see negative pressure

quantum

radiation

thermal

proper motion

proton

protostar

Proxima Centauri

pulsar

anomalous X-ray

binary

Crab nebula

death line

death valley

millisecond

radio

X-ray

Qantas Airlines

quantum deregulation

quantum energy, see energy, quantum

quantum fields

quantum fluctuations

quantum foam

quantum gravity

quantum pressure, see pressure, quantum

quantum theory

quantum uncertainty

quarks

quasar

quintessence

radiation

continuum

electromagnetic, see electromagnetic radiation

gamma ray, see gamma rays

gravitational, see gravitational radiation

optical

radio

ultraviolet

X-ray, see X-ray radiation

radiation pressure, see pressure, radiation

radio communications

radioactive decay

radioactive nickel

Randall, Lisa

Rapid Burster

reactions, nuclear

red giant

red shift

infinite surface of

red supergiant

Rees, Sir Martin

Reichart, Dan

Reimann, Georg

Reines, Fred

Riess, Adam

relativistic blast wave, see blast wave, relativistic

relativity, general theory of, see gravity, Einstein’s theory of

Einstein’s special theory of

Renaissance

rings around SN 1987A

ring singularity, see singularity, ring

Robotic Optical Transient Search Experiment (ROTSE)

Roche lobe

Rodriguez, Luis

Röntgen Astronomy Satellite (ROSAT)

Rossi, Bruno

Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE)

rotation

rotation axis, see axis, spin

rotation of black hole

rotation of neutron star

rotation of perihelion

rotation of white dwarf

Rubbia, Carlo

Ruderman, Malvin

Ruiz-Lapuente, Pilar

runaway, thermonuclear

rust, see iron oxides

Saturn

Sagan, Carl

Sagittarius A

Salaam, Abdus

sand, see silicon oxides

Sanduleak, Norman

satellite

Sato, Katsuhiko

Schmidt, Brian

Shelton, Ian

shear

Shields, Gregory

shock front

shock wave

short, hard bursts (gamma-ray)

silicon

silicon monoxide

silicon oxides

singularity

naked

ring

theorem

Sk-69

Sliders

Small Magellanic Cloud

Smolin, Lee

soft gamma-ray repeaters

Solar System

solar neutrino problem

solar wind

South Africa

south pole

space, one-dimensional

two-dimensional

three-dimensional

four-dimensional

ten-dimensional

Space Infrared Telescope Facility

Space Odyssey 2001

Space Shuttle Columbia

special theory of relativity, see relativity, Einstein’s special theory of

spectrum

speed of light, see light, speed of

speed of light circle

spherical symmetry

spin

spin axis, see axis, spin

spiral arms

spiral galaxy

spiral motion

Spitzer Space Telescope

ss 433

standard candle

star, dwarf

giant

main sequence

Wolf-Rayet

Star Trek

Star Trek: Deep Space 9

Star Trek: The Motion Picture

Star Wars

Stargate SG-1

stationary limit

Steinhardt, Paul

stellar evolution, see evolution, stellar

stellar orbits

stellar wind, see wind, stellar

Stephenson, C. B.

straight line

string landscape

string length

string scale

string theory

strong force, see force, nuclear

Strong, Ian

subsonic burning, see burning, subsonic

sulfur

Sun

Sundrum, Raman

Super Kamiokande, see Kamiokande, Super

superfluid

superluminal motion

supermassive black hole, see black hole, supermassive

supernova

brightness-decline relationship

historical records

jet-induced

Type I

Type Ia

Type Ib

Type Ic

Type II

supernova 1006

supernova 1054

supernova 1572

supernova 1604

supernova 1987A

supernova 1993J

supernova 1997ef

supernova 1998bw

supernova remnant

superradiance

supersoft X-ray source, see X-ray source, supersoft

supersonic burning, see burning, supersonic

supersymmetry

surface of infinite red shift, see red shift, infinite surface of

Susskind, Leonard

Swahili

Swift satellite

synchrotron radiation

‘t Hooft, Gerardus

Tarantula nebula

Taylor, Joseph

telescope, radio

optical

Teller, Edward

temperature

surface

tension

tesseract

Terminator

The Elegant Universe

The Fourth Dimension and Non-Euclidean Geometry in Modern Art

The Life of the Cosmos

theory of everything

thermal energy, see energy, thermal

thermal pressure, see pressure, thermal

thermonuclear bomb, see bomb, thermonuclear

thermonuclear burning, see burning, thermonuclear

thermonuclear fuel, see fuel, thermonuclear

thermonuclear fusion, see fusion, thermonuclear

thermonuclear explosion, see explosion, thermonuclear

thermonuclear runaway, see runaway, thermonuclear

Thompson, Christopher

Thompson, Sir J. J.

Thorne, Kip

tidal bulge

tidal force

time, see black hole time

time machine

time-like space

titanium

topology

torque

torus

trispatiocentrism

trous noirs

Tsarapkin, Anatoly “Scratchy,”

Turkey

twin paradox

Tycho’s supernova, see supernova 1572

Uhuru satellite

Ultra Luminous X-ray Sources (ULX)

ultraviolet light, see light, ultraviolet

Uncertainty Principle

Universe, acceleration of

age of

curvature of

V404 Cygni

vacuum

vacuum energy

vacuum energy density, see vacuum energy

vacuum fluctuations

Van Der Meer, Simon

van Paradijs, Jan

Vela satellites

Vela supernova remnant

velocity

Venus

Very Large Telescope (VLT)

viscosity

Visser, Matt

vortices

Wang, Lifan

Warner, Brian

weak nuclear force, see force, weak

Weinberg, Steven

Wells, H. G.

Wheeler, Edward

Wheeler, John Archibald

white dwarf

carbon/oxygen

merging

white dwarf seismology

white holes

Whole Earth Telescope

Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP)

Wilson, Jim

wind, stellar

Winget, Donald

Witten, Ed

Wolf-Rayet star, see star, Wolf-Rayet

Woosley, Stanford

World Wide Web

wormhole

XMM-Newton X-ray Observatory

X-ray

X-ray astronomy

X-ray burst

X-ray flares

X-ray flashes

X-ray nova, see black hole X-ray nova

X-ray pulsar, see pulsar, X-ray

X-ray source, supersoft

X-ray transient

X-ray radiation

Yi, Insu

Zwicky, Fritz



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