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The Cambridge Introduction to Early English Theatre
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  • 23 b/w illus. 4 tables
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 (ISBN-13: 9780521542517 | ISBN-10: 0521542510)

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Index




acrobats 66, 67, 82, 183

Act Against Vagabonds 68, 120

Acts of Common Council 68, 72, 73

act divisions 85

Act for the Advancement of True Religion 119

Act of Dissolution 131

Act to Restrain Abuses of Players 120

Acts of Uniformity 119

acting 82, 88

acting companies, see by name

Admiral’s Men 20, 51, 71, 74, 75–6, 114, 120, 125, 194, 195, 202

Alabaster, William, Roxana

Alençon, Duke of 34, 133

Alforde, John 18

All For Money 100, 162

All is True 207

allegory 27, 32, 36, 39, 64, 89, 93

Alleyn, Edward 68, 75, 76, 82–3, 93, 95, 104, 161, 195

ambassadors 27, 32, 35, 37, 62, 63, 84, 85, 122, 124, 125, 129, 132, 134, 136, 142, 143

Amboise 70

amphitheatres 23, 46–7, 67–82, 86, 90, 95, 98, 113, 122, 128, 135, 141, 162, 195, 201, 206

Anglo, Sydney 184

Anna, Queen 38, 55, 60, 135–6

anonymity 70, 110

antitheatricalism 28, 32, 44, 86, 87, 113–26, 136–7, 176, 189, 191, 206

Antonio and Mellida 97

Antony and Cleopatra 91, 209

Apius and Virginia 197, 203

‘application’, see topicality

apprentices 36, 123, 124

Aristotle 166

     Poetics 154, 171

Armin, Robert 163

As You Like It 156

Ascham, Roger 154

     Schoolmaster 154

audiences 5–18, 19–36, 39, 40, 41, 43, 47–9, 50, 51, 55–6, 60–3, 67, 68, 71, 73, 76, 82, 83–98, 99, 101, 103, 104, 106, 107, 117, 120, 124, 136, 139, 146–7, 149, 150, 155, 159–62, 166–8, 169, 175, 176, 180, 184, 185, 187, 188, 191, 194–5, 202–7, 209, 210–12

authorship 109–13, 127

Bacon, Sir Edmund 207

Bacon, Sir Francis 64

Bale, John 3, 17–19, 20, 32, 42, 189

     King John 3, 17, 18–19, 118, 189, 190

     Three Laws 99, 190

Bale’s Men 17, 18

banqueting houses (see also by name) 34–5, 40, 127, 142, 143

banquets 27, 35, 36, 63, 142

Barking Abbey 173

Barriers at a Marriage 36–8, 64

Bartholomew Fair 195–6

Bassingbourn 20

Battle of Alcazar 97, 198, 201, 202, 204, 205

bearbaiting 36, 80, 157, 195

bearwards 66, 68, 70, 73

Beaumont, Francis, Knight of the Burning Pestle 66, 82

Beckerman, Bernard 50, 88, 93–4

Bel Savage Inn 44, 194

Believe as You List 129

Bell Inn 44, 74

Beverley 19

Bevington, David 164

Bible 14, 32, 101, 102, 119, 130, 132, 142, 174, 190

Birch, George 41

Bird in a Cage 136–7

Biron plays 121, 122, 124

Bishopsgate 44

Bishopsgate St 74

Blackfriars (liberty of) 46, 80, 83

Blackfriars Monastery 46, 49, 80–1

Blackfriars, 1st playhouse 21, 49, 73, 80, 155

     2nd playhouse 49, 66, 73, 80, 82, 86, 87–8, 111, 117

Blackfriars Children 73, 80–2, 88, 138

Blackfriars consort 85

blank verse 104

Boar’s Head 40, 44, 47, 76

Bodleian Library 112, 113

Bodley, Sir Thomas 112

Book of Common Prayer 119, 120

Book of Martyrs, see Foxe, Acts and Monuments

booth stage 11, 14, 52–3, 56

Bottisham 57

Bourbon, Cardinal 28

Boxley Abbey 30

boy companies (see also by name) 73, 90

Brandon, Charles, Duke of Suffolk 17, 122

Brandon, Sir Thomas 26

Brayne, John 72

Bread St 26

Brecht, Bertolt 90

Bristol 20

Brome play of Abraham and Isaac 144

Brome, Richard 112

Bromyard, John 115, 177

     Summa Praedicantium 115

Browne, Thomas 18

Buc, Sir George 129

Buckingham, Duke of 135

Buggins, Edward 127

Bull Inn 44, 74

Burbage, James 40, 71, 72, 73, 75, 80, 125, 141, 142

Burbage, Richard 75, 95, 97, 159, 163

Burghley, Lord 20, 123, 125, 126–9

Bury St Edmunds 19

Busino, Orazio 62

Calais 42

     Roundhouse 34, 40, 127

Calisto and Melibea 43

Calvert, Samuel 122

Cambridge 18, 19

     King’s Hall 148

     St John’s College

     University of 21, 99, 111, 149, 154

Cambridgeshire 20, 53, 58–64

Campaspe 155

Canterbury, St Stephen’s Church 17

Careless, John 118

Carey, Henry, Lord Hunsdon 44, 80, 125

Carleton, Sir Dudley 53, 58, 63, 136

Carmelites 19, 20, 32

Carpenters’ Hall 44

Cartwright, Kent 149

Castiglione, Book of the Courtier 34

Castle of Perseverance 9, 47, 100, 181

Catholicism 18–19, 28–30, 32, 101, 115, 118–19, 130, 132, 134, 136, 149, 188, 189–91

Cavendish, George, Life and Death of Cardinal Wolsey 33

Cawarden, Sir Thomas 126

censorship 117–18, 119–22, 127, 129, 134, 138

Chamberlain’s Men 21, 68, 71, 75–6, 80, 90, 120, 125

Chapels (including Chapel Children and Chapel Gentlemen

     (see also by name) 37, 39, 65, 66, 68, 142, 148

Chapman, George, Biron plays 121, 122, 124

     Eastward Ho 121

Charles I 122, 134–5, 136

Charles V, Emperor 34, 40, 127

Chaucer, Geoffrey 109

     Pardoner’s Tale 31

     Troilus and Criseyde 164

Cheapside 26

Cheke, John 154

Chelmsford 83

Chester cycle 11–14, 19, 70, 117, 144, 173, 181, 189

Children of the Chapel Royal 71, 150

churches (performance in

     see also by name) 1, 2–3, 5, 6, 7, 30, 38, 44, 115, 117

churchyards 1, 3, 6, 115, 117

civic drama 16, 38, 39, 44, 69, 70, 185, 201

classical drama 147–54, 155

Claude, Queen of France 28

clergy (see also friars) 10, 55, 58, 69–70, 101, 109, 114, 117, 130, 172, 176, 181

Clerkenwell 44, 128

Clink, liberty of 21, 46

clowning 66, 75, 80, 85, 89, 91, 104, 152, 155, 157, 209

Cockpit, see Phoenix

Coldewey, John 83

collaborative authorship 110, 127

Coloma, Don Carlos de 135

comedy 72, 127, 141, 148–9, 150, 154–5, 157, 163–4, 165, 166, 168, 169, 171

Comedy of Errors 157

commedia dell’arte 67, 116

Common Council of London (see also Acts of Common Council) 72, 75, 123

Common Hall (London) 123

Condell, Henry 162, 163

contracts (authors’) 112

Conversion of St Paul 177, 180

Cornhill 26

Cornish cycle 47, 145

coronations 10, 26–7, 55, 58, 132, 184, 190

Corpus Christi festival 31, 144, 201

     Guild of 130

     plays 3, 10–14, 16, 19, 31–2, 38, 51, 53, 69–70, 83, 84, 91, 96, 102, 118, 144–5, 146, 162, 167, 180, 182, 185, 187, 189, 201

     procession 31

costume 40–2, 71, 89, 91, 98–102, 103, 104, 127, 142, 143, 146, 161, 205, 207

Court of Aldermen (London) 72, 123, 124, 176

Court of Common Council, see Common Council

Court of Requests 41

court performance (see also masque) 3, 6, 10, 21, 23–43, 52, 53, 58–64, 65, 68, 70, 71, 74, 82, 83, 117, 126, 132, 135–7, 139, 142–4, 146–8, 149, 150, 157, 195, 201, 209

Coventry 19, 84

     plays 96, 118

Cowley, Richard 163

Cranmer, Thomas 17, 18–19, 119

Creed Play, see York Creed Play

Cromwell House 17

Cromwell, Thomas 17, 18, 42, 118, 189

Cromwell’s Men, see Bale’s Men

Cross Keys Inn 20, 44, 125

crossdressing 116, 136, 196

Croxton 5, 6

     Play of the Sacrament 5, 6, 177, 180, 187–8, 190, 202, 205

Curtain Theatre 46, 47, 74, 85, 119, 124

curtains 10, 11, 37, 38, 53, 59, 143

cutpurses 66, 72

cycle drama, see Corpus Christi plays

Damon and Pythias 150–4

dancing 27, 35, 36, 37, 56, 58, 60, 62, 63, 66, 72, 85, 89, 90, 95, 115, 143, 148, 157, 183, 185, 193, 199, 205

Dante, Divine Comedy 164

de Witt, Johannes 47, 48, 49, 73

Death of Herod, see N-town cycle

decline of religious drama 117–18, 189

Dekker, Thomas 86, 201

     Gull’s Hornbook 84–5

     Magnificent Entertainment 184

     Whore of Babylon 190

     Witch of Edmonton 200, 202

Denmark, King Christian of 63, 208

Devereux, Robert, see Earl of Essex

Devil is an Ass 86

devotion 92, 115, 172, 176–96, 209

didacticism 17, 93, 103, 108, 115, 130, 146, 152, 168, 171–88, 196, 202, 204, 205, 209

Diehl, Huston 191

Digby plays, see Mary Magdalene

discovery space 48, 92

disguisings 27, 35, 36, 38, 39, 53–8, 144, 146, 149, 201

Dives and Pauper 115

D’Outreman, Henri 181

Doncaster 19

doubling 93, 99

Dr Faustus 83, 92, 93, 101, 152, 161, 192–5, 204–5

‘drum and trumpet’ plays 83

Drury Lane 136

Duchess of Malfi 92, 111, 199–200, 202, 205

dumbshows 148, 149, 204, 205–6

Dunstable 145

Durham 19

Dutton, Richard 129, 135

East Anglia 19, 53, 56, 57, 58, 75

East India Company 23

East Midlands 53

Eastward Ho 121

Edward VI 131, 189

Edwards, Richard 154, 165

     Damon and Pythias 150–4

Elizabeth I 32, 33, 44, 65, 66, 69, 71, 72, 74, 90, 112, 118, 121, 122, 124, 125, 128, 131–3, 138, 139, 149, 150, 157, 164, 189, 190

Elyot, Sir Thomas 145

emblems (and emblematic style) 91, 92, 93, 100–2, 104, 149, 153, 201, 203, 204, 205

Enough is as Good as a Feast 83

Erne, Lukas 110

Essex 20, 78, 80, 83, 131

Essex, Captain 87

Essex, Earl of (Robert Devereux) 38, 121

Essex, Earl of (Henry Bourchier) 126

Essex rebellion 121

Euripides 154

Every Man Out of His Humour 111

Everyman 100, 145, 162, 168, 204

Evil May Day 128

Exchange 26

Exeter 19, 194

Faithful Shepherdess 165, 166

Felsted of London 42

female performers, see women performing

Ferrara 148

festivals (see also by name) 23

Field, John 74

Field of Cloth of Gold 27–8, 34, 40

Finsbury 41

Fitzstephen, William 145

five-act structure 148, 149

Flanders 135

Fleetwood, William 125

Fletcher, John, All is True 207

     Faithful Shepherdess 165, 166

Fletcher, Lawrence 163

Ford, John, Sir John Van Olden Barnavelt 129

     ’Tis Pity She’s a Whore 200, 202, 205

     Witch of Edmonton 200, 202

Forman, Simon 88, 176–96

Fortune Theatre 10, 46, 47, 49, 55, 58, 76, 80, 87, 125, 194

Four Elements 43, 147, 175

Four Foster Children of Desire 37

Foxe, John 32, 44, 118

     Book of Martyrs 32

France 27, 37, 40, 136, 143, 147

Francis I of France 28, 34, 37, 143

friars 173, 177–8

Fulgens and Lucres 43, 146, 159, 174

Fulwell, Ulpian, Like Will to Like 76–9

gallery (over stage) 6, 48–9, 52, 72

Galli, Antimo 85

Game at Chess 124, 134–5, 138, 162

Gammer Gurton’s Needle 148, 149

Gardiner, Harold 189

Garter, Order of 32, 207

Gentleness and Nobility 43–7, 146

Gerald of Wales 31

Gibson, Richard 126, 127

Gladiator 202

Globe Theatre 21, 23, 47, 50, 73, 76, 80–98, 111, 125, 134, 159

Globe Theatre (reconstructed) 98

Gloucester 65

Godly Queen Hester 89, 146, 174

Goisman, Thomas 30

Golden Arbour pageant 11

Golding Lane 194

Goldsmiths’ Company 39

Gondomar, Count 134

Gorboduc 104, 112, 122, 149, 154

Gorge, Sir Edward

Gosson, Stephen 182, 183, 206, 207, 209

     Plays Confuted in Five Actions 116, 117, 176, 183, 206

Gowthwaite Hall 83

Gracechurch St 26, 44, 74

Gracious St, see Gracechurch St

Gray’s Inn 52, 132

Great Dunmow 20

Greenwich Palace 126, 142, 148

     entertainments 35, 37, 40–1, 142

Grindal, Edmund 115, 123

Grocer’s Company 11

Guarini, Giambattista, Pastor Fido 165

Guildford, Sir Henry 126

Guildhall, London

guildhalls 21, 65, 84

guilds 16, 44, 69, 84, 130, 145, 201

Guisnes 127

Gurr, Andrew 81, 195

Hall, Edward

     Chronicle 11, 26–8, 37, 142–4, 147

hall playhouses, see indoor playhouses

halls 3, 6, 8, 10, 23, 36, 41, 44, 48, 49, 52, 53, 56, 59, 61, 65, 66, 67, 143

halpaces 38, 61

Hamlet 21–3, 50, 51, 81, 90, 92, 94, 95–6, 100, 159, 162–3, 166, 171, 172, 203

Hampton Court 21

Happé, Peter 149

Harington, Sir John 63, 208

Harrison, William 72

Hayward, John, Lives of the Three Normans 165

Heinemann, Margot 192

Helmingham Hall 133

Heminges, John 162, 163

Henrietta Maria, Queen 117, 135, 137, 138

Henry IV plays 110, 153

Henry V 141, 204

Henry VI 39, 70

Henry VI plays 87, 92, 95

Henry VII 5, 38, 66, 147

Henry VIII 17, 19, 26–7, 28, 34, 37, 52, 58, 69, 118, 119, 126, 130, 142, 143, 147, 189, 207

Henry VIII, see All is True

Henslowe, Philip 73, 75, 82, 111

     Diary 50, 51, 52, 75, 76, 104, 110, 111

Herbert, Sir Henry 122, 124, 129, 134

Hereford 19

Heywood, John 41, 43, 143, 146

     Play of the Weather 146

Heywood, Thomas 87, 88, 111, 113, 114, 165, 175

     Apology for Actors 87, 97–8, 114, 165, 175

     English Traveller 113

     If You Know Not Me 190

     Londini Speculum 185

     Woman Killed with Kindness 174–5, 203

Hick Scorner 17, 122, 146, 168

history play 87, 141, 154, 163, 164–5

Histriomastix 113, 114, 136–7, 138, 194–5

Holborn 44

Holles, John 134

Hope Theatre 36, 47, 49, 80, 157, 195

Horace, De Arte Poetica 150, 154

household performance 17, 23, 24, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43, 56, 60, 65, 66, 67, 68, 83, 126

Howard, Charles, Earl of Nottingham 38, 44

Howard, Frances 38

Howes, Edmund 74

Hull 30

humanism 147–50, 164

Humphrey, Duke, of Gloucester 147

Hunsdon, Lord, see Carey, Henry

Husee, John 42

Hutton, Matthew 131, 138

If You Know Not Me 190

Infanta of Spain 134

Ingram, William 78, 80

indoor playhouses 49, 67, 68, 73, 80–1, 82, 83, 85, 206

Inner Temple 104, 149

inns (see also by name) 3, 20, 44, 56, 60, 66, 72

Inns of Court (see also by name) 6, 44, 122, 149

innyards 3, 11, 14, 20, 52, 53, 56, 59, 60, 66, 72, 86

interludes 17, 18, 41, 42, 44, 65, 68, 72, 73, 75, 100, 119, 120, 124, 143, 145–7, 163

Ipswich 20

Ireland 75

Isle of Dogs 75, 121, 124

Isle of Gulls 121

Islington 44

Italy 38, 67, 144, 147–8, 165

Jack Juggler 148, 149

Jackson, Henry 86, 90

James VI and I 34, 38, 56, 60, 63, 68, 76, 82, 121, 126, 128, 134, 135, 136, 164, 184, 195, 208

James, Thomas 112

Jeffrey, David 177

Jeu d’Adam, see Play of Adam

Jew of Malta 93, 161, 162

jigs 36, 85, 90, 183

Johnson, Samuel 169

     Preface to Shakespeare 164

Johnston, Alexandra 114

Jones, Inigo 35, 38, 53, 58–64, 127, 207–9

Jonson, Ben 53, 58–64, 111, 112–13, 121, 127, 157, 192, 201, 208–9

     Barriers at a Marriage 36–8, 64

     Bartholomew Fair 195–6

     Devil is an Ass 86

     Eastward Ho 121

     Every Man Out of His Humour 111

     ‘Expostulation with Inigo Jones’ 208

     Isle of Dogs 75, 121

     Masque of Beauty 208

     Masque of Blackness 53, 58–64, 135, 207–8

     Masque of Queens 184, 185, 208

     Pleasure Reconciled to Virtue 62

     Poetaster 82

     Sejanus 121, 165

     Volpone 121, 139, 162

jousting 27, 36–8, 83, 143

jugglers 66, 68, 82–3, 183

Kastan, David 110, 113

Katherine of Aragon 26–7, 28, 37, 142, 143, 184

Katherine of Sutton 173

Keeling, William 23, 175

Kemp, Will 90

Kendal 19, 182

Kenilworth castle 84

     entertainments 33

Kent 30, 83

Kett rebellion 121

Kettle, Ralph 153

King Cambyses 150–3

King Darius 89

King John 18–19

King John (Bale’s) 3, 17, 18–19, 118

King Lear 50, 83, 95, 158, 166, 203, 210–12

King Leir, True Chronicle History of 169

King, Ros 153

King’s Men 3, 55–6, 60, 69, 76, 80, 81, 86, 88, 111, 120, 163, 207

King’s Players 41, 65, 66, 145, 146

Kipling, Gordon 183

Knight of the Burning Pestle 66, 82

Knight of the Burning Rock 52

Knutson, Roslyn 81, 88

Kyd, Thomas 111

     Spanish Tragedy 50, 52, 54, 56, 93, 101–2

Lady of May 131–3, 138

Lake, Peter 190–1

Lake, Sir Thomas 82

Lammastide 24

Lancashire 20

Lancashire, Ian 17

Lancaster 19, 83

Laon 7

Launching of the Mary, or The Seaman’s Honest Wife 129

Leicester 67

Leicester, Earl of 33, 68, 131, 133

Leicester’s Men 65, 68, 72, 73, 74, 114, 120

Lent 24, 69, 76, 85

liberties (see also by name) 42, 46, 72, 73

lighting 49, 85, 91, 162, 201

Like Will to Like 89

Lille 37

Limon, Jerzy 134

Lincoln 19

Lindsay, Sir David, Satire of the Three Estates 168

Lisle, Lady 42

literacy 24, 43, 69, 109, 138, 147, 176, 177, 178

liturgical drama 1, 3, 115, 142

liturgy 1, 142, 172, 186

locus and platea 4–16, 40, 47, 49, 53, 56, 57, 59, 60, 62, 89, 162

Lollardy 115

London (see also by individual localities) 17, 19, 20–1, 24, 26, 39, 40–2, 44–53, 67, 71, 72–80, 82, 83, 84, 88–108, 114, 116, 120, 121, 123–6, 128–9, 138, 140, 142, 145, 149, 176, 183–4, 195

Longer Thou Livest 190

Lord Mayor’s Show 39, 201

Louth 19

Love and Riches 37, 38, 40, 143

Love’s Labour’s Lost 110, 161

Lucerne 10, 12

Ludgate Hill 44

Lunney, Ruth 191, 204

Lupton, Thomas, All For Money 100, 162

Lusty Juventus 190

Lydgate, John 39, 70

Lyly, John 155

     Campaspe 155

     Sappho and Phao 155

     Midas 156

Macbeth 88, 110, 161, 182

MacFarlane, Gaynor 98

Mad World, My Masters 192–4, 195

Magnificence 146

Maidstone, Richard 184, 185

Maldon 20

Malone Society Collections 16

Mankind 11, 14, 53–8, 63, 76, 83, 89, 100–1, 152, 168, 177, 181, 204, 209, 210, 212

Manning, Robert, Handling Sin 172–3

Marlowe, Christopher 75, 111, 204–5

     Dr Faustus 83, 92, 93, 101, 152, 161, 192–5, 204–5

     Jew of Malta 93, 161, 162

     Tamburlaine 51, 95, 103, 105, 110–11, 153

Marsh, Henry, The Wits 49

Marston, John, Antonio and Mellida 97

     Eastward Ho 121

Mary 1 (Princess Mary) 143, 189

Mary Magdalene (Digby) 5–6, 52, 100, 180

mask, see masque

masks (face-masks) 51, 52, 82, 93, 99, 115, 143, 183

masque 3, 10, 35, 37, 38–9, 52, 53, 58–64, 93, 94, 98, 106, 122, 128, 135, 143, 144, 146, 148, 149, 168, 185, 201, 207–9

Masque of Beauty 208

Masque of Blackness 53, 58–64, 135, 207–8

Masque of Queens 184, 185, 208

Massinger, Philip, Believe as You List 129

     King and the Subject 122

     Roman Actor 121

     Sir John Van Olden Barnavelt 129

Master of the Revels (see also by name) 20, 71, 74, 120, 124, 126–9, 131, 134, 196

masterless men, see vagrancy

Mayler, George 41

Mayors of London 20, 26, 39, 72, 74, 124, 125, 176

McKellen, Ian 98

Measure for Measure 110, 166, 191

Meditations on the Life of Christ 15, 178–9

Medwall, Henry, Fulgens and Lucres 43, 146, 159, 174

     Nature 89, 146

Melton, John, Astrologaster 194

Melton, William 31, 173

Menaechmi 148

Merchant of Venice 50

Merchant Taylors Company 84

Meredith, Peter 11

metatheatre 159, 168, 209–11

Mettingham College 20

Midas 156

Middle Temple 8

Middlesex 71, 124

Middleton, Thomas 135, 192–4, 196, 201

     Black Book 194

     Game at Chess 124, 134–5, 138, 162

     Mad World, My Masters 192–4, 195

     Revenger’s Tragedy 199, 201, 202, 203

     Second Maiden’s Tragedy 129

Midsummer Festival 24, 27, 31, 32, 39, 201

Midsummer Night’s Dream 152, 153

mimesis 171–2

miracle plays 44, 87, 145, 183

mixed dramaturgy 43, 91–2, 150–2, 155–62

Montagu, Walter, Shepherds’ Paradise 136

Moorfields 119, 124

morality plays (see also by name) 53, 58, 83, 99, 102, 106, 141, 145, 159–62, 167, 169, 180, 189, 190, 203, 204

More, Sir Thomas 41, 43, 128–9

More, Sir Thomas 4, 17, 65, 66, 100, 128–9

Morison, Sir Richard 189

Mucedorus 157

Much Ado About Nothing 166

mummings 39, 53, 58, 144

Munday, Anthony, Second and Third Blast of Retreat from Plays and Theatres 117

     Sir Thomas More 4, 17, 65, 66, 100, 128–9

Mundus et Infans 146

music (including musicians and minstrels; see also song) 27, 31–5, 36, 48, 58, 66, 68, 71, 82, 85, 95, 115, 143, 157

mystery plays, see Corpus Christi plays

Nashe, Thomas, Isle of Dogs 75, 121

     Pierce Penniless his Supplication to the Devil 87, 116

Nature 89, 146

Netherlands 133

Newcastle 19

Newington Butts 46

Norfolk 53, 121

Northampton 19

Northern Rebellion 118

Northumberland, Duke of 65

Norton, Thomas, Gorboduc 104, 112, 122, 149, 154

Norwich 11, 19

Nottingham 212

Nottingham, Earl of

Nowell, Alexander 149

N-town cycle 14, 19, 70, 93, 144, 145, 174, 181

     Death of Herod 97, 102–3, 106–8, 146

     Joachim and Anna 93

     Shepherds 91

     Visit to Elizabeth 177

Ogle’s 100

Olivares, Conde-Duque 135

Orgel, Stephen 56, 60, 110, 133

Orleans, Duke of 143

Othello 85, 86, 90, 92

Oxford 112

     Christ Church Hall 21, 60–2

     Corpus Christi College 86

     Merton College 150

     Trinity College 153

     University of 149

Oxford’s Men 114

pageant cars (or wagons) 10–11, 36, 37, 38, 51, 52, 53, 56, 58, 94, 106, 143, 148

Paris, Synod of 30

Paris Garden 46, 67, 73, 74

Pastor Fido 165

patrons 17, 44, 56, 60, 65, 66, 67–9, 71, 80

Paul’s Boys 73, 80–1, 195

Paul’s Cross 30, 72, 182

Paul’s Gate 40

Peacham, Henry 53, 55, 56

Peele, George, Battle of Alcazar 97, 198, 201, 202, 204, 205

Pembroke’s Men 75, 121

‘personation’ 87, 97

perspective staging 58, 60, 94

Peters, Julie Stone 110

Philip II of Spain 129

Philips, Augustine 163

Phoenix Theatre 49, 82, 136, 160, 206

Phormio 148

plague 46, 76, 80, 83, 85, 123, 176

Platter, Thomas 73, 88

Plautus 148

     Menaechmi 148

Play of Adam 92–3

Play of the Weather 146

playhouses, see by name

Plays Confuted in Five Actions 116, 117, 176, 183, 206

Pleasure Reconciled to Virtue 62

plots 201, 202

Poetaster 82

poor relief 76–9

Porter’s Hall 49

Portugal 129, 201

preaching 30–1, 139, 173, 177–8, 196, 203

Prescot 20, 83

Preston 19

Preston, Thomas, King Cambyses 150–3

prices 58, 67–73, 76, 82, 84, 99, 111–12, 113

Prince Henry’s Men 76, 120

printers 40, 43, 88, 109, 147, 163

private playhouses, see indoor playhouses

Privy Council 21, 44, 46, 71, 74, 75, 76, 80, 119, 120, 123, 124–5

processional staging 11, 102

processions 10, 26, 31–2, 39, 53, 59, 70, 95, 132, 142, 190, 201

proclamations 119, 120, 122, 123, 124, 125

professionalisation of theatre 14–16, 67, 69, 71, 82, 84, 139, 197, 203, 205

progresses 131, 132, 133

Promos and Cassandra 166

‘property players’ 84

props 50, 51–3, 59, 71, 89, 91, 94, 98–9, 103, 104–6, 201, 202, 203, 211

proscenium arch 38, 53, 58, 94

Protestantism, see also Reform 1, 18–19, 83, 101, 114, 115, 117, 118, 133, 136, 188

Proteus and the Adamantine Rock 52

Prynne, William 114, 117, 136–7, 138, 139

     Histriomastix 113, 114, 136–7, 138, 194–5

public playhouses, see amphitheatres

Pudsey, Edward 88

Puritans 114, 116, 117, 191–4

Queen’s (Elizabeth’s) Men 21, 71, 74–5, 81, 90, 114

Queen’s (Anna’s) Men 76, 120

Queen’s (Henrietta’s) Men 124, 137

Ralph Roister Doister 148

Rastell, John 40–3, 99, 127, 146–7

     Calisto and Melibea 43

     Four Elements 43, 147, 175

     Gentleness and Nobility 43–7, 146

     Love and Riches 37, 38, 40, 143

realism 91, 92, 93, 98, 159–60, 171, 186, 203, 205, 209, 212

rebellion, see sedition

Records of Early English Drama 16

Red Bull Theatre 46, 47, 82, 83, 88, 206

Red Lion Theatre 40, 46, 72

Reform (including Reformation; (see also Protestantism) 1, 28–30, 32, 42, 69, 115, 117–19, 130–1, 149, 188, 197

regionalism 19–21

Regularis Concordia 172

rehearsal 71, 76, 125

repertories 56, 76, 81, 87–8, 195

Revels Office 40, 52, 71, 125, 126–9

Revenger’s Tragedy 199, 201, 202, 203

Revetour, William 130

Richard II 53, 58, 183–4

Richard II 121, 138, 139, 165

Richard III 130

Richard III 164

Richmond 21

riots (see also sedition) 86, 122, 123, 128–9, 138

ritual 1, 24–33, 66, 91, 92, 141, 186

Robertello, Francesco 154

Rochester, Bishop of 30

Roman Actor 121

Rome 18, 28, 134

Rookwood, Edward 132

Roper, William, Life of Sir Thomas More 43

Rose Theatre 46, 47, 51, 75, 76, 80, 98, 104, 194

Rowley, William, Witch of Edmonton 200, 202

Roxana 49

royal entries 10, 39, 51, 53, 59, 127, 183–4, 201

Rubin, Miri 30

Russell, Willy 98

Sackful of News 44

Sackville Thomas, Gorboduc 104, 112, 122, 149, 154

sacraments 186

saint plays 142

Salisbury Court 49, 112

Salisbury, Earl of 82

Sappho and Phao 155

Saracen’s Head 44

satire 81, 82, 111, 121, 134–5, 163, 195

Satire of the Three Estates 168

Scotland 75

Scott, Thomas, Vox Regis 122

Second Maiden’s Tragedy 129

Second Shepherds’ Play, see Towneley cycle

sedition 72, 75, 120, 121, 123, 138

Sejanus 121, 165

Seneca 149, 154

     Hippolytus 149

Shakespeare, William 3, 24, 37, 69, 75, 82, 94, 109, 110, 111, 113, 139, 155, 156, 157, 162–3, 164, 166, 175, 203

     All is True 207

     Antony and Cleopatra 91, 209

     As You Like It 156

     Comedy of Errors 157

     Hamlet 21–3, 50, 51, 81, 90, 92, 94, 95–6, 100, 159, 162–3, 166, 171, 172, 203

     Henry IV plays 110, 153

     Henry V 141, 204

     Henry VI plays 87, 92, 95

     King Lear 50, 83, 95, 158, 166, 203, 210–12

     Love’s Labour’s Lost 110, 161

     Macbeth 88, 110, 161, 182

     Measure for Measure 110, 166, 191

     Merchant of Venice 50

     Midsummer Night’s Dream 152, 153

     Much Ado About Nothing 166

     Othello 85, 86, 90, 92

     Richard II 121, 138, 139, 165

     Richard III 164

     Taming of the Shrew 164

     Tempest 92, 157

     Troilus and Cressida 96

     Titus Andronicus 53, 55, 56–7, 199, 204

     Twelfth Night 8, 154, 192

     Winter’s Tale 88, 157, 176

Shakespeare Survey 164

Shaw, John 182

Shepherds’ Paradise 136

Shepton Mallet 10

Sher, Antony 105

Shirley, James, Ball 124

     Bird in a Cage 136–7

Shoreditch 44, 73

Shrewsbury 18

Shrewsbury, Earl of 132

Sidney, Sir Philip 111, 112, 117, 154–6, 165, 209

     Apology for Poetry 112, 172

     Arcadia 131

     Four Foster Children of Desire 37

     Lady of May 131–3, 138

Sidney, Sir Robert 157

Silence of the Lambs 202

simultaneous staging 50

Sir John Van Olden Barnavelt 129

Sir Thomas More, see More, Sir Thomas

Skelton, John, Magnificence 146

Skinners Well 44, 145

Sly, William 163

Smith, Bruce 150–3

Snyder, Susan 166

soliloquy 50, 94, 202

Somerset, Earl of 134

song (and singers) 1, 5, 30–1, 37, 38, 57, 63, 66, 67, 73, 85, 89, 90, 95, 142, 157, 177, 186, 189

Sophocles 154

Southwark 17, 21, 46, 68, 73

space (see also locus and platea) 1–16, 21, 23, 33–4, 36, 39–40, 49, 52–3, 55, 56–7, 60, 62, 89, 90, 94, 98, 143, 162, 206

Spain 124, 129, 132, 134–5, 136

Spanish Tragedy 50, 52, 54, 56, 93, 101–2

spectacle 30, 33–4, 36–8, 49, 58, 83, 92, 106, 115, 127, 142, 144, 149, 153, 157, 174, 184, 185, 187–8, 194–5, 201, 202–3, 206–12

spectators, see audience

Speculum Humanae Salvationis 179

Spinelli, Gasparo 142, 143, 148

Spinelli, Lodovico 148

St Andrew’s, Holborn 44

St Bonaventure 15

St Botolph’s without Aldersgate 44

St Christopher 83

St George play 20

St Giles without Cripplegate 76, 80

St Katherine 145

St James’ Palace 21

St John’s Priory 128

St Paul’s, cathedral 73

     Children (see also Paul’s Boys) 148

     playhouse 49, 195

St Peter Ad Vincula 24

St Saviour’s 78, 80

St Thomas Becket 18

stage doors 49, 52, 95, 198, 199, 201, 202

stage picture, see also tableaux 92, 94, 101, 104–6, 149, 153, 161–2, 181–8, 190, 196–206

Stamford 19

state control of theatre 117–40

status of plays 16–17, 109–10, 112–13

statutes (see also by name) 99, 119–20

Stockwood, John 72

Stow, John, Annals 74

Strange’s Men 20, 80–1, 83, 125

Strong, Roy 56, 60

‘strutting’ 95–7

Suffolk 20, 53, 58–64, 132

Suffolk Place 17

sumptuary laws 99

Surrey 71

Swan Theatre 46, 47, 48, 73, 75, 80, 124

Swan Theatre (RSC) 105

symmetrical effects 14, 52–3, 143, 166, 167, 201

Syria 129

tableaux 14, 31, 81, 92, 101, 168, 187, 201

Tamburlaine 51, 95, 103, 105, 110–11, 153

Taming of the Shrew 164

Tangier 201

Tarlton, Richard 75, 90, 155

Tate, Nahum 169

Tempest 92, 157

temporary buildings, see also banqueting halls 33–5, 47

Ten Articles 130–1

Tents, Office of the 126

Terence 149

     Phormio 148

Theatre, the 40, 46, 47, 71–2, 73, 74, 125, 141, 142

Thersites 148

Thetford 18, 19

Three Ladies of London 100

Three Laws 99, 190

Three Lords and Three Ladies of London 197, 201, 205

Thurles, Lord 87

Tide Tarrieth No Man 197, 203, 205

Tilney, Edmund 20, 74, 128–9

time of performance 76, 78

Tiptoft, John 147

tiring house 47–8, 49, 194

’Tis Pity She’s a Whore 200, 202, 205

Titus Andronicus 53, 55, 56–7, 199, 204

Topcliff, Richard 132

topicality 83, 120–1, 124, 128–9, 133, 139, 165

Totehill, Henry 18–19

touring 10, 14, 21–3, 39–40, 52, 53, 56, 59, 65–6, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 75, 82–3, 100, 139, 146, 150, 157

tournaments, see jousting

Tourneur, Cyril, Revenger’s Tragedy 199, 201, 202, 203

Tower of London 26, 136

Towneley cycle 3, 19, 70, 144, 177

     Second Shepherds’ Play 3, 185, 187, 189

tragedy 72, 85, 86, 90, 91, 127, 141, 149, 154–5, 157, 163–4, 165, 166, 170, 171, 175

tragicomedy 98, 154, 155, 165–6

trapdoor 51, 161

Treatise of Miracles Playing 87, 115–16, 145, 176, 182–3

trestle stage 11

Trinity Hall, London 44

Troilus and Cressida 96

Trumpington 57

Turenne, Viscount of 143

Twelfth Night 144

Twelfth Night 8, 154, 192

Two Noble Ladies 163

Twycross, Meg 42

Tydeman, William 11

Udall, Nicholas, Ralph Roister Doister 148

unities 154, 157, 163

universities (see also by name) 6, 21, 23, 60–2, 86, 99, 148, 149

vagrancy 65, 68, 119, 124

Valenciennes 10, 181

Veevers, Erica 136

Vice, the 89–90, 93, 99, 149, 152, 155, 167–8

Volpone 121, 139, 162

Wager, William, Enough is as Good as a Feast 83

     Longer Thou Livest 190

Wakefield (see also Towneley cycle) 118

Walker, Greg 147

Walsingham, Sir Francis 69, 74, 114

Walton 57

Walton, Henry 40–1, 99

Wanstead 131–3

Wapull, George, Tide Tarrieth No Man 197, 203, 205

‘War of the Theatres’ 81

Warning for Fair Women 174, 199, 203, 205–6

Warwick’s Men 52

Wasson, John 3, 65

Watson, Thomas, Absalom 154

Webster, John, Duchess of Malfi 92, 111, 199–200, 202, 205; White Devil 82–3, 206

Weimann, Robert 4

Wentworth, Henry 126

West Ham 78, 80

Westfall, Suzanne 99

Westminster Abbey 26, 27

Westminster Palace 126

Westminster School 149

Wever, R., Lusty Juventus 190

Whetstone, George, Promos and Cassandra 166

White, Paul Whitfield 118

White, Rowland 157

White Devil 82–3, 206

Whitechapel 40

Whitefriars Theatre 49

Whitehall 21, 33, 38, 126, 149

     Banqueting Hall 34–5, 53, 58, 63, 195

Whitsun 118, 144

Whore of Babylon 190

Wickham, Glynne 10

Wilkinson, John 42

Willis, Robert, Mount Tabor 66, 182

Wilson, Robert, Three Ladies of London 100

     Three Lords and Three Ladies of London 197, 201, 205

Wilton House 21

Wiltshire 21

Winter’s Tale 88, 157, 176

Winwood, Ralph 122

Wisdom 98–9, 188

Witch of Edmonton 200, 202

witchcraft 203

Wits, The 49

Wolsey, Thomas, Cardinal 33, 37, 66, 207

Woman Killed with Kindness 174–5, 203

women, writing plays 109

     performing 67, 70, 73, 116, 135–7

Woodward, Joan 82

Worcester, Earl of 38

Worcester’s Men 76, 120

Wotton, Sir Henry 207

Wriothesley’s Chronicle 30

Wymondham 121

Yachnin, Paul 138, 139, 140

York 18, 19, 20, 69, 115, 119, 130, 173

     Creed Play 31, 129, 131, 189, 201

     Guild of Corpus Christi 130

     Pater Noster Guild 173

     St Thomas, Hospital of 131

     York cycle 11–14, 19, 31, 52, 69, 70, 84, 159, 173, 189

York Place 126

Yorke, Sir John 83

Youth 146


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