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Home > Catalog > Absolutism and the Eighteenth-Century Origins of Compulsory Schooling in Prussia and Austria
Absolutism and the Eighteenth-Century Origins of Compulsory Schooling in Prussia and Austria


  • Page extent: 288 pages
  • Size: 228 x 152 mm
  • Weight: 0.59 kg

Library of Congress

  • Dewey number: 379/.23
  • Dewey version: 19
  • LC Classification: LC135.G32 P785 1988
  • LC Subject headings:
    • Education, Compulsory--Germany--Prussia--History--18th century
    • Education, Compulsory--Austria--History--18th century
    • Despotism--Germany--Prussia--History--18th century
    • Pietism--Germany--Prussia--History--18th century
    • Catholic Church--Education--Austria--History--18th century

Library of Congress Record

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 (ISBN-13: 9780521346689 | ISBN-10: 0521346681)

  • Also available in Paperback
  • Published September 1988

Manufactured on demand: supplied direct from the printer

$113.00 (C)

Focusing on the reigns of Frederick the Great of Prussia (1740-86) and Maria Theresa of Austria (1740-80), James Van Horn Melton examines in this book the origins, aims, and achievements of the compulsory school movements in these states. Melton draws on a broad range of sources to show how school reform was part of a broader effort to transform social, economic, and cultural behavior at the popular level.


List of tables; List of abbreviations; Acknowledgments; Introduction; Administrative divisions of the Habsburg and Hohenzolln monarchies, 1780; Part I. Cultural and Religious Forces: 1. Popular schooling in early modern Prussia and Austria; 2. The rise of Pietist pedagogy; 3. From image to word: cultural reform and the rise of literate culture in Theresian Austria; 4. The catholic appropriation of Pietist pedagogy: Johann Ignaz Felbiger; Part II. Social and Economic Forces: 5. Mastering the masterless: cameralism, rural industry, and popular education; 6. From compulsory labor to compulsory schooling: education and the crisis of seigniorial authority; Part III. The Limits of Reform: 7. School reform in Frederickian Prussia; 8. The Theresian school reform of 1774; Conclusion; Selected bibliography; Index.

Prize Winner

the Prize for Best Book in Central European History from The Conference Group for Central European History


"James Van Horn Melton has produced an important work on the educational policies of the absolute state and the social purposes behind them." The Eighteenth Century

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