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History and the Culture of Nationalism in Algeria
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  • 18 b/w illus. 1 map
  • Page extent: 284 pages
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  • Published December 2008

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Index


Abbas, Ferhat 60, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 80, 82, 86, 103, 231, 233

   Le Jeune Algérien 75, 78

   and non-violence 78

   ‘La France, c'est moi!’ 84–85, 88, 89, 228

   and naturalisation 91, 92

‘Abd al-Nāṣir, Gamāl 25

‘Abd al-Rāziq, ‘Alī 51

Abdelkader: see al-Jazā'irī, ‘Abd al-Qādir ibn Muḥyī al-Dīn

Abdelkrim: see al-Khaṭṭābī, Muḥammad ibn ‘Abd al-Krīm

‘Abduh, Muḥammad, 37, 38, 50, 68

Abdülhamid II, sultan 37, 39, 106

Abdülmecit II, caliph 25, 58, 68

al-Afghānī, Jamāl al-Dīn 37, 39, 50

Ageron, Charles-Robert 31, 45

Aḥmad Bey, of Constantine 60, 99, 100, 147, 150

Aḥmad Bey, of Tunis 37

Ained-Tabet, Redouane 208

Algeria, as ‘integral part of French territory’ 33, 72

Algiers 11, 21, 22, 32, 33, 34, 63, 66, 78, 92, 142, 144–145, 219

   centenary of conquest 61, 75, 82, 96, 108

   fall of (1830) 28, 72, 147

   municipal elections (1919) 46, 93

‘Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib 161, 162

Allouache, Merzak, Omar Gatlato 175

Amazigh, etymology 186

AML 78

Amrouche, Jean el-Mouloub 225, 227, 234

al-‘Amūdī, al-Amīn (Lamine Lamoudi) 83, 89–90

anti-clericalism 82

anti-colonialism 26, 36, 37, 39, 44, 51, 64

Arabic 14, 52, 57, 93, 112, 188, 202

Arabisation 154, 166, 186, 192, 205, 210, 212

Arab League 52, 53, 54, 64, 206

Arslān, Shakīb 25, 42

‘assimilation’ 74, 85, 92

   see also ‘Young Algerians’

Atatürk: see Kemal, Mustafa

Atlantic Charter 53

AUMA 14, 24, 25, 53, 64, 65, 70, 76, 84, 89, 93, 94, 96, 108–111, 113, 120, 136, 187, 206, 210, 223–224, 231

   and ‘Berber question’ 190, 198, 205, 210

   and education 14, 56, 110–112, 206

   and FLN 65, 78, 137, 140–143, 224, 231

   foundation of 12, 108

   and France 76, 82

   historical role 15, 170, 233

   and history 12, 14, 24, 82, 204, 206, 237

   and nationalism 16, 30, 87, 88, 94, 96, 115, 205

   opposition to 127

   and popular culture 105, 111, 114, 132, 152

   press 64, 67, 83

   and revolution 14, 17, 65, 137–143, 156, 223, 231

   see also reformism; ‘ulamā

Aurès 116, 186, 229

authenticity 3, 9, 17, 18, 20, 25, 26, 59, 94, 214, 215, 219, 224, 234–238

al-Azhar (Cairo) 49, 51, 57

Bachetarzi, Mahieddine 175

Balandier, Georges 101

Balibar, Etienne 11, 87, 144

Banū Hilāl 192

Bash Hamba, ‘Ali 49

Bash Hamba, Muhammad 49, 50

Batna 132, 181

Bejaïa (Bougie) 32, 145, 212

Belhachemi, Abdelhafiz 69, 70

Ben ‘Alīwa, shaykh 128

Ben al-‘Antarī, Muḥammad Ṣāliḥ 100

Ben ‘Aouda, Sidi Mhammad 146, 182

Ben ‘Ashūr, Ṭāhir 39

Ben ‘Azzūz, Muṣṭafa 50, 73

Ben Bādīs, ‘Abd al-Ḥamīd 12, 13, 25, 56, 57, 61, 64, 65, 69, 70, 71, 74, 75, 98, 109, 110, 122–124, 135, 217

   and colonialism 64–66

   on nationality 93

Ben Bādīs, Mouloud ‘Zoubir’ b. Muḥammad 69, 71

Ben Bādīs, Muḥammad Ben Muṣṭafa 69, 71

Ben Bella, Ahmad 205, 212, 224, 231, 234

Bencheneb (Ibn Abi Shanab), Mohammed 147

Bendjelloul, Dr Mohamed-Salah 71, 74, 76, 84, 92, 129, 131

Benhabylès, Chérif 74, 78, 80–82, 83, 103, 126, 171

   L'Algérie française 80, 81, 84

Ben Ḥuṣayn, Muḥammad al-Khiḍr 36, 49, 50–52, 53, 54–55, 95

Benjedid, Chadli 210

Ben Mhidi, Larbi 179

Ben Mūhūb, Mūlūd 81, 84, 125–126

Benthami, Dr Ould Hamida 74, 93

Bentobbal, Lakhdar 63, 121

Berber, Berbers (Imazighen) 95, 185, 186, 200, 212, 215

   and Arabs 95, 165, 166, 184, 190, 198, 199, 200, 201, 204, 208, 214

   ‘Berber Spring’ (1980) 184, 212

   essentialised 80, 191, 197, 200, 205, 211

   and Islam 190, 200, 202, 203

   and ‘Kabyle myth’ 79, 190

   language (Tamazight) 78, 188, 201

   and liberty 79, 170, 198

   Maghrib as purely Berber 83, 199

   origin of 193–194, 196, 209

   in prehistory 195

Berque, Jacques 17, 18, 110, 147, 160, 174, 182, 184, 238

Bertrand, Louis 80, 200

Blida (Bulayda) 59, 102

Blum–Viollette, reform bill 77

Boulifa, Si Ammar ou Saïd 78–80, 82, 83, 103, 163, 170, 171, 198

   Le Djurdjura à travers l'histoire 79, 215

Boumédienne, Houari 62, 69

Boumendjel, Ahmed 74

Bourdieu, Pierre 192, 222

Bourguiba, Habib 48

Bouteflika, ‘Abd al-‘Aziz 182

Boyrâz, Muḥammad ibn ‘Omar 36, 47, 48, 50, 54, 101

Boyrâz, ‘Omar ibn Muṣṭafa 21, 36

Brett, Michael 193

Bugeaud, Thomas-Robert 71, 163

Bū Ziyān 103

Cairo 26, 52, 58, 78, 95

caliphate 41, 42, 47, 68

Carlier, Omar 177, 214

Carthage 154, 165, 177, 200, 201–203

Cercle du Progrès 66, 76

Cercle Salah Bey 81

Chaker, Salem 186, 209

Chatterjee, Partha 8, 158

China 6, 9

Christelow, Allan 105

Clancy-Smith, Julia 103

colonialism 1, 6, 11, 31, 34, 37, 73, 74, 78, 87, 95, 234

   and accommodation 64, 79, 86, 90, 101, 103

   as ‘civilisation’ 60, 65, 73, 75, 79, 81, 95, 158, 199

   contradictions of 86, 92

   as ‘corruption’ 27, 36, 37, 105

   dialogic 6, 18, 19, 65, 74, 95, 96

   expansion of 35, 59

   intensity in Algeria 68, 71–73

   as irreversible 32, 65, 82, 90

   legislation 31, 33, 62, 66, 83, 87, 92

   and reorganisation of space 32–33, 35, 46, 59, 64

   transcended 77, 83

   transformative 18–19, 59, 60, 71–73, 75, 77, 90, 96, 230, 236

   and triumphalism 62, 73

   and violence 6, 29, 75

Colonna, Fanny 5, 111, 183

community 3, 5, 11, 18, 32, 63, 86, 90, 94, 96, 151

Congress, Algerian Muslim (1936) 76, 98, 129

conquest

   of Algeria 1, 28, 34, 35, 57, 59

   and disruption 28, 32–33, 59, 64, 105

   Islamic (fatḥ) 159–166, 200, 203

   of Kabylia 62, 79

   memory of 61, 75, 147, 162

   as perpetual 62, 87, 96

   and sovereignty of God 101, 102, 104, 113

   of Tunisia 36

Constantine 22, 32, 33, 56, 58, 60, 63, 81, 92, 97, 99, 123, 181

   colonial centenary 60, 63, 96

   fall of (1837) 60, 62, 63, 99, 100

constitution, Algerian 14

Cooper, Frederick 87

Dahra 103

Dallal, Ahmad 17

Damascus 39, 48, 51

de Certeau, Michel 3, 237

de Gaulle, Charles 52, 53, 64, 76, 77, 219

Délégations financières 48, 69

democracy 10, 30, 53, 77

Denden, Sadek 84

Derdūr, Si ‘Amor 111

Derrida, Jacques 230, 235

Desparmet, Joseph 160, 161, 163

Destour (Tunisia) 39, 52, 68, 71

Didouche, Mourad 179

Djebar, Assia 178

Djeghloul, Abdelkader 15, 74, 86

Djender, Mahieddine 210, 211

Djurdjura 21, 76

Donham, Donald 7

Duara, Prasenjit 9, 189, 204

education 38, 56, 74, 78, 91

Egypt 25, 33, 48, 51, 56, 58, 98, 104, 106, 196, 206, 209

Eisenhower, Dwight D. 52

élus 30, 71

Elvin, Mark 6

ENA 30, 34, 43, 76

Enver Pasha 40, 47

equality 62, 65, 74, 76, 77, 81, 92

état civil 72

Europe 6, 17, 20, 28, 39, 49, 59, 80

Europeans, of Algeria 29, 60, 61, 81, 83, 91, 92

exile 26, 34, 35, 36, 37, 39, 42, 48, 57

   see also hijra

Faci, Saïd 82

Fārūq, King of Egypt 58

Fez 48, 56

FLN 12, 15, 25, 30, 34, 35, 36, 43, 45, 53, 78, 92, 93, 107, 117, 179, 222, 223

Fort National (Larba‘a N'Aït Iraten) 78

Foucault, Michel 8, 60

France 14, 28, 33, 76, 77, 82

   idealised 54, 65, 75, 76, 77, 80, 81, 83

   labour migration to 33, 34

Francis, Ahmed 74

fraternity 62, 76, 77, 78, 82

Gellner, Ernest 151

Germany 37, 41, 42, 64

al-Ghassīrī, Muḥammad 109

Giscard d'Estaing, Valéry 62

GPRA 24

Gsell, Stéphane 187

Guelma 29, 78

Guermah, Massinissa 184

habous (waqf) 138, 139

hajj (pilgrimage) 120, 122

Hannibal 174–176

al-Ḥansalī, Sidi Sa‘īd ibn Yūsuf 119

Ḥansaliyya (brotherhood) 99, 118, 122

Harbi, Mohamed 15, 163, 214

hegemony 9–12, 16, 222–224, 230–235

Hesnay-Lahmek, Hocine 78, 82–83, 114, 191

   Lettres algériennes 82–84, 89

hijra (emigration) 21, 48, 55, 57, 104

historiography 15, 24, 28, 29, 30, 31, 76, 78, 80, 81, 83, 88, 101, 102

history 17, 25, 27, 28, 59, 61, 75, 81, 158, 206, 208

   contested 66, 74, 84, 85, 96, 209, 211

   and genealogy 45, 191–193, 199, 204, 214

   and identity 3, 87, 95, 210, 225

   and imagination 3, 6, 7, 18, 177

   narrative emplotment 2, 5, 12, 18, 29, 33, 63, 159, 204

   of nationalism as teleology 15, 26, 28, 29, 30, 31, 35, 43, 45, 148, 179

Huntington, Samuel P. 7

Ḥuṣayn, Dey of Algiers 102, 105

Ḥuṣayn, Taha 51

Ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhāb, Muḥammad 17

Ibn ‘Arabī 178

Ibn Khaldūn 192, 193, 196, 214

Ibn Sa‘ūd, ‘Abd al-‘Azīz 67, 114, 207

Ibn Taymiyya, Taqī al-Dīn 38

Ibrahimi, Ahmed Taleb 183, 212

al-Ibrāhīmī, Bāshīr 53, 56, 140, 141, 224

ideology 4, 10, 15

independence 12, 14, 16, 35, 37, 40, 43, 44, 51, 52, 53, 54, 65, 76, 78, 92

indigénat 62, 89, 90

Iraq 25, 209

‘Īsāwiyya (brotherhood) 121

Islam 7, 12, 14, 17, 18, 20, 37, 40, 41, 57, 92, 94, 95, 212, 232

   and ‘civilisation’ 157, 163, 165, 200, 203

   defines Algerian nation 95, 96

   rejection of 80, 82

   as superseded 81, 82

Islamism 14, 16, 208, 212, 224, 237

Isly, Battle of 176

Istiqlal (Morocco) 71

al-Jalāli, Muḥammad b. al-‘Abīd 56

al-Jazā'irī, emir ‘Abd al-Qādir b. Muḥyī al-Dīn 46, 71, 105, 149, 162, 174, 176, 177–181, 180

al-Jazā'irī, emir Khaled ibn Ḥashimi b. ‘Abd al-Qādir 46, 47, 48, 52, 64, 74, 93, 150

al-Jazā'irī, emir Mukhṭār b. ‘Abd al-Qādir 52, 53

Jews, of Algeria 72, 74, 87, 90, 92

al-Jīlānī (Gaylani), Sidi ‘Abd al-Qādir 102, 105, 120

Jonnart, Charles, reform legislation by 82

Jugurtha 149, 174, 176

Julien, Charles-André 31

Kabylia 57, 62, 77, 79, 80, 116, 184, 186, 202, 210, 212

   ‘Black Spring’ (2001) 184, 212–213

   insurrection (1871) 21, 103, 162

Kaddache, Mahfoud 15, 30

‘al-Kaḥḥūl’, Ben Dālī, mufti of Algiers 129

kalima ṣ;arīḥa 67, 87, 228

Kateb Yacine 1, 72, 183

Kemal, Mustafa (Atatürk) 58, 68, 207

Kerrou, Mohammed 150

Kessous, Mohamed el Aziz 82

Ketchaoua Mosque 217–222

Khadra, Yasmina (Mohamed Moulessouhoul) 238

Khaldūniyya Society (Tunis) 38, 68

al-Khaṭṭābī, Muḥammad ibn ‘Abd al-Krīm 52, 57, 58, 68

Khayr al-Dīn al-Tūnisī 51

Khayr al-Dīn, Muḥammad 109, 137

Lacheraf, Mostefa 230, 234, 238

Laghouat (al-Aghwāṭ) 116

Laroui, Abdallah 238

League of Nations 46, 47

le Bon, Gustave 164

Leo Africanus 186

Lerner, Daniel 7

Libya 33, 39, 40

Libyan (language) 188

Machuel, Louis 38

al-Madanī, Aḥmad Tawfīq 20, 22–27, 24, 25, 36, 37, 49, 57, 66, 67, 73, 209, 226, 228–233

   and Ferhat Abbas 78

   at AUMA congress (January 1956) 140

   autobiography 21, 22, 25, 26, 168, 229–230, 232

   birth of 22, 26

   in Cairo 26, 53, 228

   and caliphate 68, 172

   death of 22

   and Destour 49, 67, 68

   as diplomat 24, 26

   exiled 26, 68

   Ḥanba‘l 175

   historiography 22, 24, 26, 87, 152, 163, 167, 168, 171, 194, 200, 205, 211, 215, 230

   imprisoned 49, 66

   and journalism 22, 66, 107

   Jughrāfîyat al-quṭr al-jazā'irī 206, 207

   Kitāb al-Jazā'ir 24

   Minister of culture, religious affairs 24, 78, 205, 217, 232

   Muḥammad ‘Uthmān Pasha 173–174

   and nationalism 25, 26, 73

   Qarṭājanna fi arba‘at ‘uṣūr 23, 175, 199

   on strategy for independence 138

   Taqwīm al-Manṣūr 67, 112, 154

   and theatre 25, 68

   and Turkey 47, 172

al-Madanī, Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad 21, 36, 54, 73

al-Majjāwī, ‘Abd al-Qādir 125

Mālik ibn Anas, Imām 107

Mami, Smaïl 69, 70

Mammeri, Mouloud 215

Manifesto of the Algerian People (1942–3) 53, 78, 80

marabout (murābiṭ), 173–174, see saints

marginality 26, 35, 42, 44, 46, 54, 64

Maronites, nationalist history 153

martyrdom 21, 167, 169, 175, 181, 203, 229

Marx, Karl 1

Mascara 104, 150

Mecca 33

Medina 33

Mehmed Osman Pasha, Dey of Algiers, 144, 173–174

memory, social 1, 3, 4, 16, 35

Merad, Ali 94, 116

Messali Hadj (Ahmed Mesli) 34, 35, 42, 43, 44, 46, 47, 48, 64, 74, 98, 129, 141, 233

Mezerna, Ahmed 141

Middle East (Mashriq) 7, 24, 32, 33, 39, 53, 59, 70, 93, 112, 140, 207, 208, 233

   as source of civilisation 56, 57, 153, 158, 195, 196, 201

Mila 99, 116–117

al-Mīlī, Mubārak ibn Muḥammad 24, 69, 70, 94, 109, 116, 119, 120

   historiography 87, 209

Mirante, Jean 71

modernisation theory 7

modernity 7, 17

   and colonialism 6, 7–8, 18–19, 26, 60, 75

   and emancipation 62, 75, 77, 79, 84, 114

   and Europe 6, 14, 236

   and power 6, 72, 86

Morocco 20, 32, 33, 40, 71, 93

MTLD 52

   see also PPA

al-Mubārak, Ḥāj Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad 99, 102

Muḥammad ben Yūsuf, Sultan of Morocco (King Muḥammad V) 48

Mzab 32, 116, 186

al-Nāṣirī, Aḥmad ibn Khālid 20, 222

al-Nāṣirī, Muḥammad Abū Ra's 105

Nasser, see ‘Abd al-Nāṣir

nationalism 2, 7, 8, 9–12, 15, 18–19, 29, 34, 35, 43, 45, 88, 170, 227

   and autobiography 21, 26

   and culture 3, 9, 11, 12, 18, 168, 187, 199, 205, 208, 210, 212, 223, 234

   as emancipation and subjection 10, 15, 226

   and history 14, 16, 17, 25, 26, 28, 44, 59, 84, 85, 95, 96, 148, 157, 180, 208, 209, 225–227, 230, 237

   and Islam 14, 30, 35, 37, 54, 55, 93

   in Tunisia 26, 39

‘native’ 61, 87, 88, 96

   as legal status: see indigénat

naturalisation as French citizen 80, 82, 89, 222

   condemned 54, 95

   en masse 91, 92

   individual 92, 93

Nefta 50, 64

negotiation 29, 54, 60, 64–66, 70, 73, 74, 78, 82, 86, 91, 96, 127

neo-Destour (Tunisia) 39

Nietzsche, Friedrich 10

notables 70, 103, 108

   francophone: see ‘Young Algerians’

   religious: see ‘ulamā

Oran 33, 181

Orientalism 79, 80, 171

Ottoman Empire 28, 33, 36, 37, 40, 41, 47, 48, 54, 64

   and anti-colonialism 37, 40, 51, 64

   as caliphate 41, 104, 106

   rule in Algeria 102, 172

Oujda 58

Palestine 98, 207

pan-Islam 25, 41, 106

Phoenicians 153–154, 201

pieds noirs: see Europeans

Popular Front 98

populism 12, 29, 34

PPA 15, 30, 34, 35, 88, 117, 136, 223

   ‘Berberist crisis’ 210, 214

   schism 43, 141

prophecy 103, 104–107, 106

purification 57, 59

Qāsim, ‘Abd al-Karīm 25

Qur'an 21, 159, 164, 181

Raḥmāniyya (brotherhood) 21

Ramdane, Abbane 142

reformism, Islamic (iṣlāḥ) 12, 24, 38, 50, 54, 55, 56, 57, 59, 65, 70, 111, 113, 115, 121, 127, 151, 170

   and cultural hegemony 16, 106, 116, 135, 231

   in eighteenth century 17, 59

   opposition to 39, 50, 127

Régnier, Marcel 92

Renan, Ernest 16, 17, 154

resistance 7, 14, 21, 29, 31, 35, 37, 47, 48, 55, 60, 62, 64, 74, 167

revolution, Algerian 3, 10, 15, 16, 29, 30, 35, 43, 65, 72, 104, 168, 171, 231, 234

Ricoeur, Paul 3

Rifā‘iyya (brotherhood) 39

rights 52, 65, 86, 88

Rouffach 99, 118

Rustamid emirate 166

Sa‘adallāh, Abū 'l-Qāsim 30

al-Sa‘āda 'l-‘uẓ mā (periodical) 50, 55

al-Safā'iḥī, Ismā‘īl 40, 49, 50

Saḥnūn, Aḥmad 107, 109

saints (awliyā; sing. walī) 70, 149, 150–152, 159, 182–183

salafiyya: see reformism

Ṣālaḥ Bey, of Constantine 99

Sartre, Jean-Paul 10

al-Sayyādī, Abū 'l-Hudā 39

Scott, James C. 227

secularism 14, 25, 93

Senatus-Consulte (1865) 89

Sétif 29, 32, 78, 92

Sfar, Bachir 38

sharī‘a 38, 80, 81, 90, 92

al-Sharīf, shaykh al-‘Arabī 73

al-Sharīf, shaykh Ṣāliḥ b. al-Mukhṭâr 36, 37–43, 44, 47, 49, 50, 51, 54, 106

   and Muḥammad ‘Abdūh 33, 50, 55

   and anti-colonial jihad 40, 43

   anti-colonial petitions 43, 44

   assessment of role 42, 45–46

   in Germany 40, 42

   tracts 40, 41

al-Shawkānī, Muḥammad 17

al-Shihāb (periodical) 67, 84, 86, 88, 89

shirk (polytheism) 70

Shryock, Andrew 191

Sicily, Muslim conquest 68, 164

Snouck Hurgronje, Christiaan 41

Staouëli (Ousta-Wali) 21

statut personnel 40, 88–94

   as key symbol 66, 88, 91, 93

   renounced in naturalisation 80, 81, 89, 95

Stedman Jones, Gareth 11

Stoler, Ann L. 87

Stresemann, Gustav 40

Suf 32

sufism 39, 115, 127

Syria 36, 48, 56

Tafna, Treaty of 150

Tamazight: see Berber

Ṭāriq ibn Ziyād 68, 204

tawḥīd (unicity) 94, 114, 234

al-Tebessī, al-‘Arabī (Larbi Tebessi) 136, 142

al-Tha‘ālibī, ‘Abd al-‘Azīz 39, 48, 49, 50, 68, 151

al-Tha‘ālibī, Sidi ‘Abd al-Raḥmān 144–146

theatre 25, 33, 68, 175

tifinagh 188, 201

Tlemcen 34, 181

Tripoli programme 223

Truman, Harry S. 52, 64

Tuareg 186, 187, 188

Tunis 20, 21, 22, 26, 32, 70, 99

Tunisia 33, 36, 40, 57, 67, 71, 104

Turkey 36, 47, 58, 68

UDMA 76, 140

‘ulamā 12, 14, 15, 16, 30, 53, 69, 82

   as ‘natural leadership’ 44, 47, 64, 65, 113, 136, 138

   of the Zaytūna (Tunis) 38, 39, 51

   see also AUMA

United States of America 52, 80

al-‘Uqbī, al-Ṭayyib (Tayyib al-Oqbi) 56, 66, 76, 91, 112, 126, 166

Vatin, Jean-Claude 14, 16, 17

Venture de Paradis, Jean-Michel 173

Versailles, peace conference (1919) 44, 46, 52

violence 1–3, 8, 16, 18, 31, 35, 78

Wahhabism 38, 59, 114, 151

war

   1914–18 30, 33, 34, 35, 37, 39, 44, 65, 75, 90, 104

   1939–45 53, 54, 77

   of independence (1954–62) 1, 24, 29, 72, 76, 96, 168

   Rif (1921–6) 57, 67, 68

al-Wartilānī, Faḍīl 53, 95, 140, 184

Wilhelm II, Kaiser 41, 105

Wilson, Woodrow 46, 52, 64

workers 33, 34, 35, 43, 57

Wuthnow, Robert 66

Young, Robert 60

‘Young Algerians’ 30, 34, 74–75, 76, 81, 84, 93

‘Young Tunisians’ 38, 39

‘Young Turks’, 1908 revolution 40

Za‘atsha 103

Zaghlūl, Sa‘d 82

Zakarya, Moufdi 222

zarda 130

Zartman, I. William 236

zawāwa (Kabyles) 79

Zaytūna 37, 38, 39, 43, 49, 50, 51, 52, 56, 57, 64, 69, 99

Zenati, Rabah 82, 114

Ziban 32, 103

zouaves 62

Zwāwī, Sidi Aḥmad 99, 118

Zwāwī, Si Ḥānī ibn Shaykh 118, 134


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