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Look Inside Night on Earth

Night on Earth
A History of International Humanitarianism in the Near East, 1918–1930

$34.99 (P)

Part of Human Rights in History

  • Author: Davide Rodogno, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva
  • Publication planned for: January 2022
  • availability: Not yet published - available from January 2022
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9781108712842

$ 34.99 (P)

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About the Authors
  • Night on Earth is a broad-ranging account of international humanitarian programs in Central and Eastern Europe, the Balkans and the Near East from 1918 to 1930. Davide Rodogno shows that international 'relief' and 'development' were intertwined long before the birth of the United Nations with humanitarians operating in a region devastated by war and famine and in which state sovereignty was deficient. Influenced by colonial motivations and ideologies these humanitarians attempted to reshape entire communities and nations through reconstruction and rehabilitation programmes. The book draws on the activities of a wide range of secular and religious organisations and philanthropic foundations in the US and Europe including the American Relief Administration, the American Red Cross, the Quakers, Save the Children, the Near East Relief, the American Women's Hospitals, the League of Nations and the International Committee of the Red Cross.

    • Illustrates how international humanitarianism in the Near East was based on colonial motivations and ideologies.
    • Appeals to a broad interdisciplinary audience across the history of human rights and humanitarianism, international law and international relations and the history of the interwar period.
    • Offers a nuanced analysis showing the extent to which older practices persisted during the interwar years.
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    Reviews & endorsements

    ‘Night on Earth is a major feat and contribution to our understanding of modern humanitarianism. Davide Rodogno unearths a humanitarianism that is defined by layers of entanglements and contradictions. There are humanitarians aspiring to save lives, save societies, and save themselves. This is not a story of success but rather a burst of rain showers that quickly evaporates: humanitarians aspired to disrupt in the name of progress, but all this ambition failed to leave an impression. Elegantly written and historically sweeping, this transnational history of humanitarianism is a must read.' Michael Barnett, author of Empire of Humanity: A History of Humanitarianism

    ‘Carefully dissecting what he calls ‘Promethean' elements in international relief organisations in the Near East at a crucial juncture, Davide Rodogno has written a deeply informed and passionate book. Night on Earth is a landmark contribution to the history of humanitarianism.' Peter Gatrell, author of The Unsettling of Europe: the Great Migration, 1945-the Present

    ‘This is a profound, poetic, erudite and moving book. Inspired by Jim Jarmush and a profound sense of humanity, Davide Rodogno's latest work is a magnus opus drawing its transnational history from an unprecedented range of sources and archives. It is a major contribution to the scholarship on humanitarian aid and to our understanding of the tragic history of the Near East one hundred years ago.' Bertrand Taithe, author of The Charity Market and Humanitarianism in Britain and The Killer Trail

    ‘Night on Earth is a serious, forthright, and necessary reconsideration of the nature and purpose of Western humanitarianism in the Middle East, and in particular it's close and complicated relationships with empire, conquest, and the toxic notion of “civilization.” It is essential reading for anyone interested in the workings of modern humanitarianism.' Laura Robson, author of The Politics of Mass Violence in the Middle East

    'Rodogno's book is humane scholarship at its best. Here is a brilliant account of the limitations on efforts to provide humanitarian aid in the Middle East in the period of the Great War.' Jay Winter, author of Sites of Memory, Sites of Mourning

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    Product details

    • Publication planned for: January 2022
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9781108712842
    • length: 482 pages
    • dimensions: 228 x 152 x 27 mm
    • weight: 0.71kg
    • availability: Not yet published - available from January 2022
  • Table of Contents

    1. A Loose Configuration of Humanitarian Actors
    2. From Repatriation to Resettlement of Ottoman Armenians: War, Diplomacy and the Mandate that Never Was
    3. The Near East Relief
    4. The American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions
    5. Relief and Rehabilitation in Transcaucasia, 1919–1929
    6. The American Red Cross in Jerusalem and Palestine, 1918–1921
    7. International Humanitarian Actors in Beirut, Aleppo and Cilicia: Relief and Rehabilitation of Ottoman Armenians
    8. The Revealing History of an Allied Fact-finding Mission in the Sea of Marmara and a Lone Delegate of the International Committee of the Red Cross
    9. International Humanitarian Operations in Greece Before and After the Summer of 1922
    10. Rehabilitation Without Relief: Seeking International Humanitarianism in Greece after 1923
    11. The American Women's Hospitals from Marconissi Quarantine Island to Public Health Work
    12. Modernization, Technical Assistance and Development avant la letter: The Near East Foundation

  • Author

    Davide Rodogno, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva
    Davide Rodogno is Professor of International History and Politics at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva. His previous publications include Fascism's European Empire (2006), Against Massacre: Humanitarian Interventions in the Ottoman Empire, 1815–1914 (2011). He co-edited and authored Humanitarian Photography (2015) and Transnational Networks of Experts in the Long Nineteenth century (2016).

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