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In Rationalities in History the distinguished historian David d'Avray writes a new comparative history in the spirit of Max Weber. In a strikingly original reassessment of seminal Weberian ideas, d'Avray applies value rationality to the comparative history of religion and the philosophy of law. Integrating theories of rational choice, anthropological reflections on relativism, and the recent philosophy of rationality with Weber's conceptual framework, d'Avray seeks to disengage 'rationalisation' from its enduring association with Western 'modernity'. This mode of analysis is contextualised through the examples of Buddhism, Imperial China and sixteenth-century Catholicism – in the latter case building upon unpublished archival research. This ambitious synthesis of social theory and comparative history will engage social scientists and historians from advanced undergraduate level upwards, stimulating interdisciplinary discourse, and making a significant contribution to the methodology of history. D'Avray explores the potential of this new Weberian analysis further in his companion volume, Medieval Religious Rationalities.Read more
- The distinguished medievalist David d'Avray proposes a new interdisciplinary approach for combining comparative world history with social theory
- This book, and its companion volume Medieval Religious Rationalities, will be of great use to teachers of social theory and comparative history, both of which are taught widely at major research universities
- D'Avray's original combination of Weberian social theory and empirical examples provides a fresh perspective on the methodology of history
Reviews & endorsements
"Historians are often cautious about theory; this book ought to persuade them they are wrong. David d'Avray puts Max Weber back at the centre of the historical project in a powerful study; we are all in his debt." -Christopher Wickham, University of OxfordSee more reviews
"This is an unprecedentedly sophisticated reading of Weber on rationality. Through careful conceptual analysis and arresting examples from a range of different cultures, past and present, David d'Avray shows how Weber's ‘ideal types', too often thought to be empirically and historically as well as analytically distinct, in fact combine to maintain and adapt a range of justifications in religion, law, economics, and politics. No-one interested in how people have reasoned should ignore it." -Geoffrey Hawthorn, University of Cambridge
"In this carefully crafted volume, D.L.D'Avray offers a strong argument about how various rationalities can be found in history and in populations around the world. By doing so, he discredits the association of formal rationality with modernity, and claims that instrumental reasoning is a human universal." -Raul Acosta, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute
"Unlike those historians who prefer to remain the prisoner of theories which are held unconsciously, David D'Avray's aim in these two sister volumes is to engage explicitly with the 'ideal types' of rationality catalogued in Max Weber's work in order to show their empirical value in the study of the religion of the medieval West...In many ways, these two volumes constitute a model of how historians can engage with social theory. They are clearly and wittily written and resort to technical jargon in order to clarify the argument rather than to obscure it. They are logically structured and address issues which are of interest not just to medievalists but also to historians of other periods, as well as to philosophers, anthropologists, sociologists and social theorists. They draw effortlessly on an impressive range of empirical examples and are the product of wide reading in philosophy and social science." -S.H.Rigby, English Historical Review
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- Date Published: October 2010
- format: Paperback
- isbn: 9780521128087
- length: 224 pages
- dimensions: 228 x 153 x 10 mm
- weight: 0.36kg
- availability: Available
Table of Contents
1. Universal and specific rationalities
2. The structure of values and convictions
3. The dynamics of values and convictions
4. The value-instrumental interface
5. Formal rationality
6. The formal-substantive interface
Appendix: Rationalities in a case before the congregation of the council.
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