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Inter-Basin Water Transfer
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  • Page extent: 462 pages
  • Size: 276 x 219 mm
  • Weight: 1.35 kg

Library of Congress

  • Dewey number: 363.6/1
  • Dewey version: 22
  • LC Classification: TC409 .G49 2007
  • LC Subject headings:
    • Water transfer--Case studies
    • Water-supply--Management--Case studies
    • Water consumption--Forecasting--Case studies

Library of Congress Record

Hardback

 (ISBN-13: 9780521869690)

Inter-Basin Water Transfer:
Cambridge University Press
978-0-521-86969-0 - Inter-Basin Water Transfer: Case Studies from Australia, United States, Canada, China and India - by Fereidoun Ghassemi and Ian White
Table Of Contents

Contents



Forewordpage xv
Overview and Scopexix
Acknowledgementsxxiii
List of Abbreviationsxxv
Part I The Challenges1
 1 World population and pressures on land, water and food resources3
1.1Population3
1.2Dryland areas4
1.3Extent of human-induced land degradation4
1.4Water resources8
1.5Agricultural land use13
1.6Food and fibre production15
1.7Feeding the world population16
1.8World water and food to 202517
1.9Challenge Program on water and food18
1.10Conclusions19
References20
 2 Issues in inter-basin water transfer22
2.1Introduction22
2.2Knowledge requirements and inter-basin water transfer23
2.3Planning and public participation27
2.4Assessment of the impacts28
2.5Environmental flow requirements of rivers31
2.6Social and cultural issues35
2.7Economic appraisal37
2.8Water rights38
2.9Conflicts and their resolution40
2.10Integrated assessment and modelling43
2.11Conclusions45
References45
Part II Inter-basin Water Transfer in Australia49
 3 Land and water resources of Australia51
3.1Geography51
3.2Population51
3.3Climate54
3.4Climate change56
3.5Drought59
3.6Flood60
3.7Soil resources61
3.8Agricultural land use64
3.9Water resources65
3.10Environmental degradation70
3.11Management reforms and programmes74
3.12Estimates of future water requirements79
3.13National water initiative84
3.14Potential role of inter-basin water transfer85
3.15Conclusions87
References87
 4 The Snowy Mountains hydro-electric scheme91
4.1Location91
4.2Hydrology91
4.3Decline in precipitation91
4.4Historical background92
4.5Snowy Mountains Act95
4.6Cost of the scheme96
4.7Technical features of the scheme96
4.8Water releases97
4.9Electricity production97
4.10Workforce99
4.11Environmental impacts of the scheme101
4.12Corporatisation of the scheme101
4.13The Snowy water inquiry102
4.14The environmental flow agreement104
4.15Precipitation enhancement project104
4.16Conclusions105
References105
 5 Inter-basin water transfer from coastal basins of New South Wales107
5.1Introduction107
5.2Environmental problems of the North Coast river basins107
5.3Proposed diversion schemes110
5.4The scoping study122
5.5Clearance scheme and water supply of Adelaide122
5.6Conclusions123
References123
 6 The Bradfield and Reid schemes in Queensland125
Section A: The Bradfield scheme125
6.1Introduction125
6.2Water availability125
6.3Outline of the Bradfield scheme125
6.4Costs and benefits of the scheme126
6.5The 1947 review of the scheme126
6.6The expanded Bradfield scheme129
6.7The 1982 review of the scheme131
6.8Bradfield scheme and water supply of Adelaide134
Section B: The Reid scheme135
6.9Introduction135
6.10Description of the scheme135
6.11Cost of the scheme137
6.12Expected benefits of the scheme137
6.13Conclusions137
References137
 7 Three schemes for flooding Lake Eyre139
7.1Introduction139
7.2Characteristics of the Lake Eyre Basin139
7.3Port Augusta–Lake Eyre canal scheme144
7.4The Great Boomerang Scheme147
7.5Flooding Lake Eyre with waters of the Great Artesian Basin149
7.6Conclusions149
References150
 8 The Goldfields pipeline scheme of Western Australia151
8.1Introduction151
8.2Water shortage151
8.3Pipeline proposals152
8.4Conclusions162
References164
 9 Supplying Perth, Western Australia with water: the Kimberley pipeline scheme165
9.1Introduction165
9.2Water conservation strategy165
9.3Long-term water supply options for Perth165
9.4Perth's water supply options167
9.5Inter-basin water transfer from Kimberley169
9.6Bulk water transport by ship from Kimberley to Perth177
9.7Seawater desalination for Perth's water supply177
9.8Conclusions178
References179
10 Other schemes in Australia180
10.1Introduction180
Section A: River Murray pipelines in South Australia180
10.2Introduction180
10.3Morgan–Whyalla pipelines181
10.4Mannum–Adelaide pipeline183
10.5Swan Reach–Paskeville pipeline183
10.6Tailem Bend–Keith pipeline183
10.7Murray Bridge–Onkaparinga pipeline183
Section B: Mareeba–Dimbulah irrigation scheme, Queensland184
10.8Introduction184
10.9History of the scheme184
10.10Agricultural development186
10.11Water allocation and water use186
10.12Power generation and town water supply186
10.13Water quality issues of the Tinaroo Falls Lake187
10.14Barron water resources plan187
10.15Possibilities for future expansion188
10.16Impacts of water resources development188
Section C: Domestic and industrial water supply in North Queensland188
10.17Water supply from Eungella Dam188
10.18Pipelines for water supply of Townsville and Thuringowa189
10.19Pipeline to Bowen area189
Section D: Water supply to the Broken Hill mines and township, New South Wales189
10.20Introduction189
10.21Water supply191
10.22Conclusions197
References198
Part III Inter-basin Water Transfer in Other Selected Countries199
11 Inter-basin water transfer in the United States of America201
Section A: Overview of geography, population, land and water201
11.1Geography201
11.2Population202
11.3Precipitation and climate202
11.4Land use203
11.5Water resources204
11.6Flood207
11.7Drought208
11.8Climate change impacts209
11.9Water transfer projects in the United States209
11.10Ambitious plans for water transfer211
11.11Federal water plan for the west (water 2025)212
Section B: Inter-basin water transfer in California215
11.12Geography and population215
11.13Water supply and demand215
11.14Water transfer projects217
11.15Major management programs and strategies229
Section C: Inter-basin water transfer from the Colorado River240
11.16Colorado River Basin240
11.17Water transfer projects243
11.18Conclusions257
References258
12 Inter-basin water transfer in Canada261
Section A: Overview of geography, population, land and water261
12.1Geography261
12.2Population261
12.3Economy262
12.4Climate and precipitation262
12.5Land cover and use263
12.6Water resources264
12.7Flood269
12.8Drought270
12.9Hydro-power generation270
12.10Climate change impacts270
12.11Management of water resources272
Section B: Inter-basin water transfer projects275
12.12Introduction275
12.13Examples of water transfer projects276
12.14Great Lakes Basin diversions281
12.15Impacts of the diversion projects281
12.16Learning from Canadian experience284
12.17Large-scale water export proposals284
12.18Water export policy290
12.19Conclusions292
References293
13 Inter-basin water transfer in China295
Section A: Overview of geography, population, land and water295
13.1Geography295
13.2Population296
13.3Economy296
13.4Climate and precipitation297
13.5Land cover and use297
13.6Irrigation298
13.7Water resources299
13.8Flood304
13.9Drought305
13.10Climate change impacts305
13.11Sustainable water resources development305
13.12Water conservation306
Section B: Inter-basin water transfer projects307
13.13Introduction307
13.14South to North Water Transfer Project307
13.15Action plan for the North China Plain314
13.16Conclusions316
References316
14 India: The National River-Linking Project319
Section A: Overview of geography, population, land and water319
14.1Geography319
14.2Population319
14.3Economy319
14.4Climate and precipitation320
14.5Irrigation321
14.6Water resources323
14.7Flood326
14.8Drought326
14.9Climate change impacts326
14.10Impacts of dam building327
14.11National water policy329
14.12Inter-state water disputes330
Section B: The National River-Linking Project330
14.13Introduction330
14.14Existing projects330
14.15River-linking proposals of the 1970s331
14.16The National River-Linking Project331
14.17Conclusions342
References344
15 Inter-basin water transfer, successes, failures and the future345
15.1Introduction345
15.2Benefits of inter-basin water transfer projects346
15.3Impacts of inter-basin water transfer projects350
15.4Mega-scale water transfer proposals353
15.5Necessary knowledge for inter-basin water transfer353
15.6Inter-basin water transfer, water conservation and new sources of supply354
15.7Inter-basin water transfer and cross jurisdictional agreements355
15.8Recommendations of the World Commission on Dams356
15.9Concluding comments356
Part IV Appendices359
Appendix A Some of the Australian pioneers of inter-basin water transfer361
A.1Bradfield, John Job Crew (1867–1943)361
A.2Chifley, Joseph Benedict “Ben” (1885–1951)362
A.3Forrest, Sir John (1847–1918)364
A.4Hudson, Sir William (1896–1978)366
A.5Idriess, Ion Llewellyn (1889–1979)367
A.6Menzies, Sir Robert Gordon (1894–1978)368
A.7O’Connor, Charles Yelverton (1843–1902)369
Appendix B Construction timetable of the Snowy Mountains Hydro-electric Scheme371
Appendix C Details of diversion schemes from the Clarence River Basin374
C.2Details of diversion schemes from the Macleay River Basin376
Appendix D Chronological table of the most important events in the Goldfields Pipeline Scheme, Western Australia377
Appendix E Flooding of the Sahara depressions379
E.1Introduction379
E.2Roudaire’s expeditions379
E.3Commission of inquiry380
E.4Continuation of the inland sea affair (1882–1936)381
E.5Developments from 1957 to 1968381
E.6The joint Algeria and Tunisia project (1983–85)382
References383
Appendix F The Ord River Irrigation Scheme384
F.1Introduction384
F.2Hydrology and water quality of the Ord River386
F.3Economic evaluation of the scheme386
F.4Recent gross values of agricultural production388
F.5Hydro-power generation388
F.6Stage 2 of the scheme388
References392
Appendix G The West Kimberley Irrigation Scheme393
G.1Introduction393
G.2Groundwater allocation and stakeholders concerns393
G.3Cultural values of groundwater395
G.4Cotton research395
G.5Benefits of the WAI proposal395
G.6Progress of the feasibility study396
G.7Failure of the proposal396
References396
Appendix H Some other water transfer schemes in Australia397
H.1Introduction397
H.2Shoalhaven Diversion Scheme397
H.3Thomson Diversion Scheme403
H.4Hydro-power generation in Tasmania405
References412
Appendix I Selected technical features of the Central Valley Project in California413
Reference414
Appendix J Selected technical features of the State Water Project in California415
Reference416
Appendix K Selected characteristics of some of the completed or proposed inter-basin water transfer projects in Australia, United States, Canada, China and India, in chronological order417
Glossary423
Index429

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