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Fueling Our Future: An Introduction to Sustainable Energy
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Details

  • 62 b/w illus.
  • Page extent: 192 pages
  • Size: 228 x 152 mm
  • Weight: 0.436 kg

Library of Congress

  • Dewey number: 333.79
  • Dewey version: 22
  • LC Classification: TJ163.2 .E86 2007
  • LC Subject headings:
    • Power resources
    • Energy policy

Library of Congress Record

Hardback

 (ISBN-13: 9780521865630)

Fueling Our Future

Cambridge University Press
9780521865630 - Fueling Our Future - An Introduction to Sustainable Energy - by Robert L. Evans
Index


Index

acid rain 19

ACR (Advanced Candu Reactor) 126

Adaptation 34–35

Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR) 125

AGR (Advanced Gas Cooled Reactor) 122

Airbus 163

aircraft 162

Alberta Energy and Utilities Board (AEUB) 66

amorphous silicon 88

anaerobic digestion 102

Annapolis Royal 106

anthropogenic forcing 27

AP600 and AP1000 125

Argonne National Laboratory of the US Department of Energy 149

Athabasca oil sands 67

Atomic Energy of Canada 126


back-up power 98

bag-house 21

batteries 14, 154

battery electric vehicles 151, 154

Bay of Fundy 106

binary cycle 112

biodiesel 100, 103

biofuels 143, 160, 162

biogas 102

biomass 81, 100–103

bitumen 66

black liquor 101

Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) 117

Breeder reactors 123

British Petroleum (BP) 55


calandria 121

Calder Hall 115, 122

California Air Resources Board (CARB) 18

Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers 68

Canadian National Energy Board 68

CANDU 121

capacity credit 99

capacity factor 86, 89, 97

carbon abatement 35

carbon mitigation 75–80

carbon sequestration 6, 75, 173

catalytic converter 20

cellulosic feedstock 103

Chernobyl 123, 131

China 3, 31, 41, 44, 104

Chlorofluorcarbons 22

Clean coal 70–75, 172

Clean Coal Scenario 173

climate change 3, 5

closed cycle 129

CO23, 6, 12, 18, 22, 34, 75, 142

coal 5, 12, 25, 46, 60

coal gasification 72

coal hydrogenation 74

coal liquefaction 72, 74

coal-bed methane 57, 65, 69–70, 77

coefficient of performance 113

cogeneration 101

Cold Lake facility 68

combined cycle gas turbines (CCGTs) 25, 32, 49

combustible renewables and wastes 46, 81

concentrating solar collector 84

control rods 117

crude oil 5, 52

cryogenic fuel tank 147, 163

cryoplane 163

crystalline silicon 88

Cycle Steam Stimulation (CSS) 66


deep ocean storage 77

demand-side management 43, 174

deuterium 116

diesel engines 14

direct disposal 134

distributed energy 91


Economic Simplified Boiling Water Reactor (ESBWR) 125

efficiency 15

Electric Power Research Institute 157

Electricité de France (EDF) 137

electricity 6, 46

electricity economy 168

electrification of railways 162

electrolysis 152

electrostatic precipitators 20

end-use applications 10

Enercon 95

energy carriers 4, 8, 11, 46

energy conversion chain 4, 8, 10–17, 145

energy demand 39–45

energy density 6, 14, 81, 94

energy flow diagram 15

energy intensity 42, 48

energy storage density 14

energy supply 46–62

enhanced oil recovery (EOR) 75

enriched fuel 117

enriched uranium 124

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) 18

ethanol 100, 103, 144, 162

Eurajoki 134

European Pressure Reactor 125

European Union’s “Atlas” project 169

European Wind Energy Association 94

exhaust gas recirculation 79


fast neutrons 116

Fischer–Tropsch 74

flue gas scrubber 78

fossil fuels 3, 4, 5, 12, 18, 24, 28, 46, 51–58, 65

Framatome 124

fuel cell 8, 145

fuel cell ‘stack’ 147

fuel switching 31–33, 35


gas centrifuge process 120

Gas Cooled Fast Reactor System (GFR) 126

gaseous diffusion process 120

gas-to-liquids (GTL) 72, 73–74

GE 124

Generation III nuclear reactors 125

Generation IV nuclear reactors 126

geologic storage of CO276

geothermal energy 110–112

global carbon cycle 23

global warming 14, 34, 115

global warming potential 22

greenhouse effect 13, 21–22

greenhouse gases 6, 7, 13, 18, 30–34, 42, 81, 91, 128, 159

grid-connected 8, 156

grid-independent 156

ground-source heat pumps 112


heat pump 112, 173

heavy-water reactors 120–122

high-level wastes 134

hybrid electric vehicles 150, 155

hydroelectric power 33, 46, 51, 81, 103–105

hydrogen 8, 12, 144, 163

hydrogen as a secondary carrier 151

hydrogen economy 5, 8, 144

hydrogen fueling infrastructure 160


Iceland 110

IEA 51, 76, 90

India 3, 31, 41, 44

industrial revolution 27

inertial confinement 128

in-situ recovery 66

insolation 82

Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) 72–73, 80, 173

internal combustion engine 8, 18, 142

International Atomic Energy Agency 133

International Energy Agency (IEA) 43

International Geothermal Association 110

IPCC 3, 13, 25, 26, 111


Kramer Junction 87

Kyoto Protocol 30


landfill gas 100

LaRance 105

Larderello, Italy 111

Lead Cooled Fast Reactor (LFR) 127

life-cycle assessment 103

light rail transit 161

light-water reactors 116–120

LIMPET (Land Installed Marine Powered Energy Transformer) 108

liquefied hydrogen 163

liquefied natural gas (LNG) 50

Lithium ion batteries 161

LNG 54, 57, 60

load factor 160

load-levelling 161

loss of coolant 119


magnetic confinement 128

Magnox 122

mass transit 161

meltdown 131

metal hydrides 149

methane hydrate 65, 70

methanol 144, 162

Mexico 111

microhydro 104

Middelgrunden 97

moderator 116

Molten Salt Reactor (MSR) 127

municipal solid waste (MSW) 100, 102


Nafion 147

National Renewable Energy Laboratory of the DOE 82, 157

natural forcing 27

natural gas 5, 12, 25, 46, 48, 53, 60

natural uranium 116, 120

nickel metal hydride batteries 161

nitrogen oxides (NOx) 13, 18, 19

non-energy uses 39

Nuclear and Renewable Energy Scenario 171

nuclear fusion 127

nuclear power 115–138

nuclear proliferation 133

nuclear waste 133


ocean energy 105–110

oil 46

oil sands 5, 65, 65–68, 69

Olkiliuto 3 126

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries 54

Oscillating Water Column (OWC) 108

ozone 19


partial oxidation 74, 79

particulate emissions 20

particulate trap 21

passive solar heating 83

pebble-bed reactor 127

PEM fuel cells 146

photovoltaic solar electricity 87–94

plug-in hybrid electric vehicles 8, 172

plutonium 123

polycrystalline silicon 88

post-combustion 78, 79

power capacity 97

pre-combustion 78, 79

pressure tube 121

Pressurized Fluidized Bed 72

Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) 118

primary sources of energy 4, 12

proton exchange membrane 147

proved recoverable reserves 51

pulverized fuel 71

pyrolysis 102


R/P ratio for coal 57

R/P ratio for natural gas 57

R/P ratio for oil 55

rail transportation 143

Rankine cycle 83, 85, 86

RBMK reactors 123

recoverable reserves 52

regenerative braking 155, 157

renewable energy 6, 12, 46, 81–113

road vehicles 143, 144–161

run-of-the-river 104


safety of nuclear powerplants 129

saline aquifers 77

Salter Nodding Duck 109

Sankey diagram 15, 17, 166

SASOL 74

Seaflow 107

Selective Catalytic Reduction 20

ships 162

Sizewell ‘B’ 123

smog 19

Sodium Cooled Fast Reactor (SFR) 127

solar collectors 84

solar electricity generating systems 87

solar energy 81

solar insolation 82

Solar One 85

solar power tower 85

solar thermal energy 83–87

Solar Tres 86

solar trough 86

Solar Two 85

sport utility vehicles 156

Springerville Generating Station 92

SRES (Special Report on Emissions Scenarios) 28

Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD) 66

Stirling engine 85

supercritical pressures 71

Supercritical Water Cooled Reactor (SCWR) 127

synthetic crude oil 66

synthetic fuels 144


The Geysers 111

Three Gorges 104

Three Mile Island 130

tidal barrage 105

tidal currents 106

tidal power 105

Tokamak 128

Toyota Prius 155

trams 161

transportation 7, 14, 141–163

trolley buses 161

Trombe walls 84


US Geological Survey (USGS) 69, 70

US Nuclear Regulatory Commission 117

unavailable energy 15

unconventional gas 57

underground coal gasification 72, 73–74

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) 30

United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation 132


Vapor Recovery Extraction (VAPEX) 66

Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) 127

vitrified waste 134

VVER reactor 123


waste heat 16

water gas shift 79

wave energy 108

Wells turbine 109

well-to-wheels efficiency 15, 151, 158

Weyburn, Saskatchewan 76

wind energy 83, 94–100

wind farms 96

wind power 7, 81

wood-waste 101

World Energy Council 52, 59, 60, 69

world energy demand 171


Yucca Mountain 135


zero net CO2101


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