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Ancient Egypt

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Ancient Egypt
Cambridge University Press
9780521859073 - Ancient Egypt - An Introduction - By Salima Ikram
Index

Index

Abd al-Latif 30

Abd el-Rassul 107

Abu Sir, fig. 1 129–130, 167

Abydos, fig. 1 29 fig. 13, 24, 55, 70, 72 fig. 36, 75, 77, 94, 96, 152, 160, 180, 191–192, 195, 229, 287

Abydos King List 55 fig. 28, 75

Actium 113

Ahhotep 15, 97

Ahmose xviii, 96–97, 182

Ahmose, son of Abana 182

Aida 44

akh 155–156

Akhenaten (Amenhotep IV) xviii, 101–104, 155, 183, 193, 228

akhet 8, 132, 209, 212

Akhetaten

See Tell el-Amarna

Akkadian 188, 220

Alexander the Great xxi, 35, 37, 111–112

Alexandria, fig.1 20 fig. 13, 26, 28, 88 fig. 43, 93 fig. 46, 192, 240, 290 fig. 145

Amarna

See Tell el-Amarna

Amenemhab 58, 98

Amenemhat I xvi, 87–88, 92

Amenemhat III xvi, 42, 62–64 fig. 32, 90–91 fig. 45, 94, 141

Amenemhat IV xvi, 94

Amenhotep II xviii, 98–100 fig. 50, 179

Amenhotep III xviii, 99, 101, 171, 174, 177, 188, 206, 267

Amenhotep, son of Hapu 154, 180, 267

Amenhotep IV

See Akhenaten

Amer, Mustafa 45

amulets 34, 107, 153, 250, 258, 281–282 fig. 137

Ammit 159, 276 fig. 132

Amratian xiii

Anath 119, 188

Amun, Amun-Re 11, 28, 87, 89, 94, 98, 103, 107–109, 111, 117, 120 fig. 61, 123–126, 128, 138 fig. 70, 144 fig. 76, 148–149, 171, 188, 232, 189, 294 fig. 148

Anubis 121 fig. 62, 123, 144 fig. 76, 153, 159, 243

Anuket 124

Apamea (see Ni) 98

Apis Bull 24, 43, 123

Apopi (Apophis) 96

Apuleius 27

Arabic 12, 36, 44, 212, 220–223, 290

Archaic (

See Early Dynastic)

aroura 209

Assurbanipal 109

Assyria 109–110

Assyrian 109–110

Astarte 119, 188

Aswan, fig. 1 4–6, 11, 19 fig. 13, 58, 82–83 fig. 42, 93 fig. 46

Asyut, fig. 1 10, 79, 226, 297

Atbara River 4, 93 fig. 46

Aten 99, 101–103, 155, 191, 193, 195, 228

Atum 128–129

Augustus (Octavian) 193

Avaris

See Tell el-Dab’a

ba 92, 155, 156 fig. 82

Baal 95, 119, 188

baboon 125, 181 fig. 94, 227, 231, 256–257, 278–279 fig. 135

Babylon 112


Bacchus 27

Badarian 71, 73

Bahariya Oasis, fig.1 16, 93 fig. 46, 212, 237

Bahr Yusuf 16

Bankes Obelisk 37

basalt 17, 19 fig. 13, 144

Bastet 123, 152

Behbet el-Hagar 35

Belzoni, Giovanni Battista 39–41

Beni Hasan, fig. 1 215, 231 fig. 111, 248 fig. 118, 289 fig. 144

Beni Suef 2 fig.1, 10, 107

Berenike, fig.1 21

Berenike (Queen) 37

Bes 152–153, 201, 246, 259

bitumen 20, 34

Boldinsel, Wilhelm von 32

Bonaparte, Napoleon 35

Bonomi, Joseph 46

Bouchard, Pierre 36

Breasted, James Henry 50

Bremmer-Rhind Papyrus 128

British Museum 36, 38–39, 192

Bulaq 43–45, 107

Bulaq Museum 44–45

bull 58, 170, 171, 206, 265

Burckhardt, John 39

Burgen, Dean 40

Buto (Pe) 12, 72 fig. 36, 75, 95, 195, 283

cache/cachette 51, 151

Cairo University 51

Canaan, Canaanite 94

Canopic Jar 35, 278–279

carbon-14 (C-14) 51, 66

Carter, Howard 51

Cartonnage 59, 280 fig. 136

Catherine de Medici 33

Chad 17, 81

cenozoic 2

Ceres 27

Champollion, J-F. 31, 37–38 fig. 21, 42, 216

Chicago House 50

Claudius Ptolemaeus 26

clay tablets 226

Cleopatra VII xxii, 113 fig. 59, 113–14

clothes, clothing 17, 60–61, 73, 162, 215, 247–249, 248 fig. 118, 245, 279–280, 282

Code of Hermopolis 229

contendings of Horus and Seth 138, 159, 229

Coptic 29, 30 fig. 18, 31, 33, 36–37, 43, 65 fig. 33, 220, 222, 269

copper 18–19 fig. 13, 90, 119, 133, 244, 252

co-regent 89, 98, 173

corv’e 184, 212

cosmogony 128

CT-scans 51, 66

Cyrus 239–240

Dahshur, fig. 1 7 fig. 3, 23

Dakhla Oasis, fig.1 16, 223

dam 9

Deir el-Bahari 51, 65 fig. 33, 98, 107, 140 fig. 72, 143 fig. 75, 144 fig. 76, 145 fig. 78, 244–246, 294 fig. 148

Deir el-Medina 51, 55, 59, 152, 154, 182–184, 195 fig. 98, 195–196, 204 fig. 102c, 239, 266

demotic 36, 220, 222

dendrochronology 66

Denon, Vivant 36

Deshret 7

Diodorus Siculus 26

diorite 18, 19 fig. 13, 81

Djadjat 90

Djer xiii, 160

Djoser xiv, 23, 80, 154, 267, 287, 290

Djuthmose 195, 266 fig. 128

DNA 66

donkey 81, 122, 213, 210

Drioton, Etienne 45

Drovetti, Bernardino 41

dwarf 253 fig. 120

Early Dynastic, xiii xiv, 75, 77, 169, 224

Edict of Theodosius 28

Edwards, Amelia 45–47

Egypt Exploration Fund/Society 47

elephant 3, 98, 240 fig. 114

Elephantine 6 fig. 3, 55, 82, 96, 119, 154, 210, 230

Engelbach, Rex 45

Ennead 128

ethnoarchaeology 60

Eugenie (Empress) 44–45

Eusebiaus 26

experimental archaeology 60–61 fig. 30

Fakhry, Ahmed 51

Farafra Oasis, fig.1 16, 93 fig. 46

Fayyum Oasis, fig. 1 16–17, 62, 86, 90, 93 fig. 46, 130–131, 195, 198


Festival of the Valley 149

Fields of Iaru 155

First Cataract 5, 124

First Intermediate Period xv, 81, 84–86, 88 fig. 43, 94, 161, 268, 298

fort 36, 92, 93 fig. 46, 106 fig. 55, 187, 229 fig. 111, 233 fig. 111

Four Sons of Horus 278–279 fig. 135

France 33–36, 41, 45, 105

Francis I 34

Froelich’s (or Frolich’s) Syndrome 103

funerary books (all) 156 fig. 82, 160–162 fig. 85, 224, 276 fig. 132, 281, 293

Galena, fig.1 20, 241

gas spectrometry 50, 66

Gebel Silsilah, fig.1 3, 11

Gebel Uwaynat 15

geophysical survey 65

George (Syncellus) 26

Gerzean 71

GIS 66

God’s Wife of Amun 109, 109 fig. 57, 150, 175

gold 19 fig. 13, 20, 20 fig. 14, 41, 63, 81, 87, 90, 92, 97 fig. 48, 133, 169, 247–249, 251–254, 279, 280 fig. 136

GPS 66

Great Pyramid at Giza 25, 27, 31–33, 45, 39, 48–49, 82

Great Harris Papyrus 192

Greaves, John 35

Greece 4, 25–27, 36, 56, 77, 79, 96, 110–112, 116, 128, 157, 220–221, 226

Greeks 4, 12, 25–27, 36, 56, 77, 79, 96, 112, 116, 128, 157, 187–188, 190, 220–221, 240, 241, 269, 284, 289, 297

Greywacke 19 fig. 13, 20

Gufti 49

Gulf of Suez 21

Geb 124, 128, 129 fig. 64

Hapy 124, 278–279 fig. 135

Hadnakht 23

Hamza, Mahmoud 45

Harkhuf 58, 82–83 fig. 45

‘harem’ 177, 201, 208

Hassan, Selim 45, 50

Hathor 79 fig. 40, 118, 124–125, 152–153, 159, 175, 243

Hatshepsut 56, 99 fig. 49, 140 fig. 71, 144 fig. 76, 145 fig. 78, 173, 177, 180, 267, 294 fig. 148

Hawara, fig. 1 42, 90

Hawass, Zahi 68

Hay, Robert 46

Heart Scarab 281

heb-sed 80 fig. 41, 140 fig. 71, 149, 158, 174–175, 294

Hebrew 220

Heka 152

Hekataios 25, 64

Heliopolis 2 fig. 1, 32, 124, 128, 150

Helwan, fig. 1

Hepdjefa 293

Heqaib 82, 119, 154

Heqanakht 200, 208

Herakleopolis (Ihnasiya el-Medina) 86, 88 fig. 43, 268

Hermopolis (Ashmunein) 108, 128

Herodotus 1, 25, 27, 33, 54, 63, 85, 293

Hetepheres 256

el-Hibeh, fig.1 107

hieratic 162, 220–222

Hierakonpolis (Nekhen) 75, 95, 257

Hinduism 116

hippopotamus 3, 73, 96, 152, 295 fig. 149

Horapollo 33

Horemheb xviii, 187 fig. 95, 229, 292 fig. 147, 296 fig. 150

horse 95, 108, 123, 215, 232, 270

Horus 81, 109 fig. 57, 121, 124–125, 126, 134 fig. 68, 136, 140 fig. 72, 144 fig. 76, 159–160, 168–169, 170 fig. 89, 172 fig. 91, 174, 178 fig. 93, 229, 254, 264, 271, 278–279 fig. 135

house 9, 61, 73–74, 116, 124, 136, 152, 154, 167, 182, 190–195, 197–203, 199 fig. 100, 202 fig. 101, 204 fig. 102a–c, 243, 257, 260, 266–267, 287, 288 fig. 142, 289 fig. 144

Hyksos xvii, 91, 94–96, 182, 193, 215

al-Idrisi 31

ibis 121, 125, 128

Ibn Wahshiyah 31

Ihnasiya el-Medina

See Herakleopolis

India 21

Imenti 155, 294

Imhotep 154, 243, 267, 287

Ineb-hedj 77

Ineni 58

irrigation 9, 74, 80, 180, 210–212

isfet 146, 295

Isis 27–28, 82, 109 fig. 57, 124–125, 152, 158–159, 174–176, 178 fig. 93, 243, 254, 278, 279 fig. 137

Iskander, Zaki 51


Ismailia Canal 21

Ismail Pasha 45

Italy 39, 45

Itj-Tawy 88 fig. 43, 89, 192

jasper 20, 248

Jerusalem 32, 49

jewellery 45, 60–61, 73, 154, 251–254 fig. 121, 255 fig. 122, 163, 281

Josephus 26

Joseph 32

Julius Caesar 113 fig. 59, 113

Justinian 28

ka 124, 126, 155, 173, 273, 293, 297

el-Kab 12, 72 fig. 36, 95, 182, 208

Kaiser, Werner 49

Kahun 217, 241, 247

Kamal, Ahmed 45–46 fig. 26

Kamose xvii, 95

Karnak 72 fig. 36, 87, 89 fig. 44, 89, 99 fig. 49, 101, 118 fig. 60, 120 fig. 161, 125, 133, 135 fig. 69, 138 fig. 70, 148 fig. 80, 149, 167 fig. 87, 171 fig. 90, 176 fig. 92, 188, 229

Kashta 108

Kerma 95

Kha 266

Khaemwase 24, 24 fig. 15

Khafre xiv, 39, 43, 100 fig. 51

Kharga Oasis 2 fig. 1, 16 fig. 10, 16–17, 19 fig. 13, 62 fig. 31, 111 fig. 58, 212, 237, 258

Khartoum 5

Khasekhemwy xiv, 79

Khepri 124

Khnum 82, 122 fig. 63, 124–125, 138, 156, 230

Khonsu 120 fig. 61, 124, 126

Khufu xiv, 25, 256

King List 56–57 fig. 28, 87, 94

Kircher, Athanasius 33

Koptos/Qift/Guft 2 fig. 1, 21, 49, 72 fig. 36, 125, 127

Kmt 3, 7, 12

kom 54–55 fig. 27

Kom el-Hisn 195

Kubbet el-Hawa 58, 83 fig. 42

Kurru 109

Kush 107–109, 185, 269

labyrinth 42, 90, 141

Lady Egeria 29

el-Lahun 59, 167, 184, 191 fig. 96, 195–196, 204 fig. 102a

Lake Tana 5

Lane, Edward 38–39

lapis lazuli 82, 253, 276

Late Period, xx–xxi 88 fig. 43, 110, 123, 136, 148, 161, 188, 192, 216, 245, 269, 279 fig. 135, 284, 295–296

lead 19 fig. 13, 20

Lepsius, Karl 42, 64

Library of Alexandria 28, 32, 112

Libya 14, 17, 81, 107, 187–188

Libyan 14, 56, 81, 107, 187–188

lion 3, 64 fig. 32, 121, 152, 223 fig. 108, 260

loculi 285–286, 286 fig. 145

lotus/lily 9, 10 fig. 6, 12, 13 fig. 7, 127, 133, 176 fig. 92, 177, 246, 259 fig. 124

Louvre Museum 41, 43

Lower Egypt 3–5, 9–13 fig. 7, 14 fig. 8, 72 fig. 36, 73, 79, 90, 94, 124, 127, 133, 170 fig. 90, 172, 179, 180, 264–265, 290

Lucas, Alfred 51

Luxor 19 fig. 13, 29, 35, 50, 71, 79, 88 fig. 43, 138, 174

Maadi 72 fig. 36

Maadi culture 71, 73

maat 60, 92, 98, 116–118 fig. 60, 137, 144, 146, 154, 159, 172, 174 fig. 92, 229, 260, 265, 278, 293, 295 fig. 149

magnetometry 66

malachite 18, 19 fig. 13, 20, 252

Malqata 55, 203, 239

mammisi 136, 153

Mandeville, John 32

Manetho 25–26, 56, 64, 69, 75, 77, 84, 86

Marfan syndrome 103

al-Maqrizi 31

Mark Antony 113

Mariette, Auguste 43 fig. 23, 43, 44–45, 63

masons 33

Maspero, Gaston 41, 45

Mastaba 142 fig. 75, 288 fig. 143, 290–291

Maximilian (Archduke) 44

Medinet Maadi 130

Medinet Habu/Jeme 106 fig. 55, 109 fig. 57, 138 fig. 70, 145 fig. 75, 195, 203

Medjay 187, 231

Meket-re, fig. 101 235 fig. 112, 256

Memphis, fig. 1 3, 23, 30, 77, 80 fig. 41, 84, 87–88 fig. 43, 89, 101, 103, 108, 111–112, 150, 185, 192–193, 203, 293

Memphite Theology 128


Menes 75, 87

Menkaure xvi, 25, 110

Mentuhotep 180

Mentuhotep II xvi, 86–87, 142 fig. 75, 145 fig. 45, 246

Mentuhotep IV xvi, 87–88

Merenre xiv, 107

Meresankh III 277

Merimde 72 fig. 36, 73, 195

Middle Kingdom, xvi xvii, 16, 24, 61, 82, 86–88 fig. 43, 92, 94, 110, 116, 126, 130, 131 fig. 66, 131, 141, 160, 169, 173, 190, 196, 200, 213, 245 fig. 117, 246, 248 fig. 118, 249, 248, 253, 256, 258, 264, 268, 280 fig. 136, 283–284, 288–292, 296

Min 124–125, 128

Meret-Seger 119

Mohammed Sa’im al-Dahr 31

Mond, Robert 49

Montet, Pierre 50

Montu 87, 125, 130

Mt. Moses 18

Mozart, Wolfgang 33

Muhammed Ali Pasha 39, 44

Mut 120 fig. 61, 125–126, 175

Napata 107

Naqada I xiii, 71, 74 fig. 37, 76 fig. 38

Naqada II xiii, 71, 74 fig. 37, 76 fig. 38

Naqada III xiii, 71, 75, 76 fig. 38

Narmer xiii, 75, 260–261 fig. 125, 262

Natron 17, 19 fig. 13, 147, 151, 244, 277, 279, 298

Nauri Decree 225

Near East 25, 71, 73, 95, 97, 98, 101, 109, 119, 185, 187, 232, 251–252, 254, 270

Nebamun 199 fig. 100, 239

Neferirkare Kakai xiv, 167

Neith 125

Nefertum 104 fig. 53, 120, 125, 129

Nefertiti 103, 263

Nephthys 82, 125, 128, 158, 277

New Kingdom, xviii–xix 23, 88 fig. 43, 89, 91 fig. 45, 92, 95, 97–98, 115, 126–127, 131, 146, 149, 154, 160–162, 170, 175, 184–188, 196 fig. 98, 203, 210, 216, 246, 249, 264, 273, 283–284, 286, 291, 293–294, 296–299

Ni (Apamea) 98

Nile river (including Blue and White) 1, 2–5 fig. 2, 6 fig. 3, 7–14, 21, 35, 39, 44, 46, 85, 92, 93 fig. 45, 93 fig. 46, 95, 104, 112, 119, 126–127, 134, 136, 149, 156–159, 194 fig. 97, 192, 195, 196 fig. 99, 209–216, 233, 227, 248, 252, 291

Nilometer 134 fig. 68, 136, 210

Nimlot 108

Nine Bows 186, 206

Nitokris xv, 85, 177

Nome 79 fig. 40, 79, 158

Norden, Frederik Ludvig 35

Nubia 17, 39, 43, 51, 82, 90 fig. 45, 90, 93 fig. 46, 97–98, 101, 106–107, 109, 185, 187, 252, 269

Nubian 25, 56, 75, 82, 92, 101, 108–109, 181 fig. 94, 182, 185–187, 232, 271

Nut 125, 128–129 fig. 64, 137

obelisk 27, 33, 37, 88 fig. 43, 130 fig. 65, 133, 252

Ogdoad 128

Old Kingdom, xiv xv, 4, 23, 61, 79, 81–84, 85, 92, 94, 99, 110, 116, 126–127, 129, 141–142 fig. 74, 150, 157, 160, 165, 169, 175, 179, 187, 196, 216, 220, 222, 224, 226–227, 244, 249, 250, 254, 265, 267–269, 279 fig. 135, 284, 286, 287–296

Omari 71

Opening of the Mouth 283 fig. 139

Osiris 27–28, 70, 94, 123, 125–128, 145 fig. 78, 154, 156 fig. 82, 157–160, 169, 170–174, 229, 254, 261, 265, 270, 276 fig. 132, 281, 283, 289, 296

Osorkon II xix, 107

ostraka/ostrakon 59 fig. 29, 249, 262, 270

Palestine 73, 90, 94–95, 235

papyrus 9, 10 fig. 6, 12–13 fig. 7, 127, 134, 156 fig. 82, 161–162 fig. 85, 167, 215, 217, 225 fig. 109, 222–224, 226, 237–238, 241–242, 249–250 fig. 119, 259 fig. 124, 265, 270, 276 fig. 132, 287

Papyrus Bulaq 18, 147, 167, 236

Papyrus Turin 18, 270

Pat 166

Paser 188

Pepi I xiv, 84, 161 fig. 84

Pepi II xiv, 58, 82–84, 178 fig. 93

Persia 110

Persian 86, 110–111, 209, 216, 237, 238, 269

Petrie, William M. F. 47–49, 247

Petrie, Hilda 49

peret 8, 207, 210

per ankh 137, 226, 239


phallus 123, 158

Pharaohs 41, 54, 56, 64, 99, 105, 107, 110, 147, 159, 169, 175, 180

Philae, fig.1 28–29 fig. 17, 30 fig. 18, 39, 221

Phyle 150

Pinudjem II xix, 106

Pi-Ramesses

See (Qantir)

Piye (Piankhy) xx, 108

Plato 25, 33

Pliny the Elder 26–27

Plutarch 27, 156

Pluto 27

Pococke, Richard 35, 40

Porphyry 18, 19 fig. 13

priests (all types) 64, 81, 85, 102, 106, 117, 133, 136, 141, 146–147, 149–151, 165, 172, 175, 180, 182–184, 210, 220, 225, 246, 284 fig. 139, 297–298

Psametik I xx, 109

Ptah 3, 11, 111, 118 fig. 60, 120, 123–125, 128–129, 150, 152, 191, 232–233, 239

Ptolemy I xxi, 112

Ptolemy II xxi, 25, 32

Punt 90, 98, 228

pylon 132 fig. 67, 132, 137, 287, 290 fig. 148, 290

pyramid 23–24 fig. 15, 25, 27, 33, 48–49, 61, 79–81, 84, 89, 90, 110, 126, 140–141, 166 fig. 88, 185, 189, 192–193, 196, 252, 291–293, 297

Pyramid Texts 160–161 fig. 84, 293, 296

Pythagaros 26

Qanat 209–210

Qantir (Pi-Ramesses) 62, 88 fig. 43, 104, 192

Qasr el-Sagha 129–130

al-Qalqashandi 31

Qena, fig. 1 5, 11, 19 fig. 13

quartzite 19 fig. 13

Quseir 21

Ramesses II xiii, 24, 39, 46, 62, 70, 104–105 fig. 54, 105, 135 fig. 69, 167 fig. 87, 176 fig. 92, 184, 188, 238, 293, 294

Ramesses III xiii, 39, 65, 106–107, 137 fig. 70, 145 fig. 77, 146 fig. 79, 171 fig. 90, 184, 192, 203, 230, 294

Ramesses IV xiii, 209

Ramesses V xiii, 210

Ramesses IX xix

Rashid/Rosetta, fig. 1 6, 12, 36

Rawer 167

Reddedet 82

Reis Hassan 46

Reisner, George Andrew 50

Re 25, 81, 85, 87, 89, 94, 99, 111, 116–118, 121, 123–126, 144, 150, 159, 169–173, 232, 287, 292

rekhyt 166–167 fig. 87

Rekhmire 58, 179, 181 fig. 94, 255 fig. 122, 272 fig. 131

Renenutet 152

resin 82, 244, 246, 277–281

Rosellini, Ippolito 42

Rosetta Stone 36–38 fig. 21

Sabni 82

sacred animal 122 fig. 63, 122–123

Said Pasha 43–44

Sais fig.1 88 fig. 43, 110, 125, 191

Saite xx, 25, 110

Salt, Henry 39–40 fig. 22, 41

Saqqara, fig.1 8 fig.5, 23–24, 43, 72 fig. 36, 77, 80 fig. 41, 94, 160, 180, 187 fig. 95, 188, 231 fig. 110, 244, 250 fig. 119, 253 fig. 120, 257 fig. 123, 271 fig. 129, 287, 291 fig. 146, 292 fig. 147, 295 fig. 149, 296

saqia 211 fig. 105

satellite photography 66

Satet 123, 125

‘Satire of the Trades’ 183, 219, 224, 233, 243, 247, 249, 251, 256

Selquet 121, 279

Sequenenre Tao II xvii, 96 fig. 47, 96–97

seriation/sequence dating 48–49

Sea People 106, 294

Sebbakhin 54, 65, 294

Sebennytos/Samanud 25

Second Cataract 92–93 fig. 46

Second Intermediate Period xvii, 94–96, 192, 232, 241

Septimius Severus 27

Sekhmet 120, 124–125, 217

Sema 112

Senenmut 144 fig. 76, 180, 269

Senusert I xvi, 89 fig. 44, 92, 229

Senusert II xvi, 167, 183, 196

Serapeum 28, 43

Seth 95, 111 fig. 58, 119, 122–125, 157–159, 229, 232, 240

Seti I xviii, 39, 42, 57 fig. 28, 135 fig. 69, 172 fig. 91, 184, 188, 229

Shaduf 210


shaft tomb 289

Shabaka xx, 109, 128

shemu 8, 209, 213

shendyt kilt 84, 264

Sicard, Claude 35

Sinai, fig. 1 4, 13, 18 fig. 12, 72 fig. 36, 79, 80 fig. 43, 93 fig. 46, 251

Sinuhe 92, 200

Siwa Oasis, fig. 1 14, 16–17, 28

Sobek 125, 277 fig. 134

Sobekneferu xvi, 56, 94, 177

Solon 26

Sothis/Sirius 8, 149, 281

Smenkhkare xviii, 103

Smyth, Charles Piazzi 48

Staatliche Museum Berlin 103

step pyramid 80 fig. 41, 80, 110, 154, 269, 290

Strabo 26

Sudan 5, 14, 17–19, 82, 220

Syria 56, 81, 90, 94–95, 98, 186, 239

Tafur, Pero 32

al-Tahtawi, Rifaa 44

Talatat 101

Tanis 51, 62, 64 fig. 32, 88 fig. 43, 107, 192, 294

tattoos 246

Taweret 152–153 fig. 81, 154, 201

tekenu 283

tell 54–55 fig. 27

Tell el-Amarna/el-Amarna 51, 55, 101, 152, 154–155, 183, 191 fig. 96, 192–193, 195–197, 201 fig. 102b, 203, 206 fig. 103, 239, 247, 266 fig. 128

Tell el-Dab’a (Avaris), fig. 1 55, 88 fig. 43, 95, 192–193, 231

Tell Edfu, fig.1 195

temple 11, 42, 50, 56–57, 62 fig. 31, 57 fig. 28, 65 fig. 33, 80, 84–89 fig. 44, 98–99 fig. 49, 101, 104, 110–113 fig. 59, 116, 120, 123, 125–134 fig. 68, 135 fig. 69, 136, 139 fig. 72, 140 fig. 73, 141–142 fig. 71, 143 fig. 75, 145 fig. 77 & 78, 146–148 fig. 80, 149–152, 160, 167 fig. 87, 172 fig. 91, 174, 176 fig. 92, 182, 184, 188, 192–197, 203, 210, 221–222, 226, 258, 291, 293–294 fig. 148

cult 90, 98, 125–126, 128–139 fig. 72, 139, 149, 150, 160, 163 fig. 87, 172 fig. 90, 174, 176 fig. 92, 188, 192–193, 226, 293–294 fig. 48

memorial/funerary/mortuary 42, 85, 98, 106 fig. 55, 109 fig. 57, 125–127, 140–142 fig. 71, 143, 144 fig. 76, 145 fig. 77&78, 149–150, 184, 203, 294 fig. 148

Sun 129, 130 fig. 65

Valley 43, 141, 142 fig. 74

Tethys 2

Teti, xiv 169

Thales 26

Thebes 27, 29, 35, 40, 50–51, 86–88 fig. 43, 95–96, 101, 103, 107–108, 110, 119, 130, 142 fig. 75, 144 fig. 76, 149, 154, 174, 180–181 fig. 94, 184, 189, 199 fig. 100, 100, 203, 206, 214 fig. 106, 239, 246, 255 fig. 122, 259 fig. 124, 267, 269, 272 fig. 131, 276 fig. 133, 283 fig. 138, 293, 299

Thermoluminescence 50, 66

Thévet, André 33

Thinite (see Early Dynastic) 77

Third Intermediate Period xix–xx, 107–108, 182, 220, 270, 293, 294, 296

Thoth 99 fig. 49, 123–125, 128–131, 151–152, 159, 226, 240

Thutmose I xviii, 58, 98, 263

Thutmose III xviii, 58, 98, 139 fig. 71, 173, 181, 185

Thutmose IV xviii, 99, 100 fig. 51, 155

Tod 2 fig. 1, 130–131 fig. 66

tombs 11, 33, 39, 41, 44, 47 fig. 25, 49–50, 56–59 fig. 29, 60, 67–68, 73, 80, 80–81, 83 fig. 42, 84, 110, 155, 161, 164, 168 fig. 88, 169, 175, 179–181 fig. 94, 183, 187 fig. 95, 188–189, 195–196 fig. 98, 197, 201, 203, 207, 141, 248 fig. 118, 250 fig. 119, 251, 253 fig. 120, 254–255 fig. 122, 256–257 fig. 123, 260, 263 fig. 127, 264–267, 269, 271 fig. 129, 272 fig. 130 & 131, 271, 274, 276 fig. 133, 282–288 fig. 142&143, 289 fig. 144, 291, 292 fig. 147, 295–296, 291–292 fig. 150, 297–298

Tomb Robbers Papyrus 230

Turin Canon or King List 70

Turin Indictment Papyrus 230

Turin Juridical Papyrus 230

turtleback 12, 13

turquoise 18, 19 fig. 13, 82, 90, 119, 252

Tutankhamun/Tutankhaten xviii, 41, 51, 56, 103–104 fig. 53, 179, 236, 251, 253, 256, 259

Two Ladies 169, 206

Unas xiv, 24, 231 fig. 110, 262

United States 50


University College London 47

Upper Egypt 2, 5, 9–11, 12–13 fig. 7, 15 fig. 8, 44, 49, 70–72 fig. 36, 73, 77, 79, 90, 94–95, 106, 109, 123, 128, 133, 167, 171–172 fig. 91, 175, 179, 182, 195, 264, 289

Uraeus 171

Userhet 232

Valley of the Kings 51, 58, 107, 119, 184, 230, 263 fig. 127, 267, 287, 292–293, 294

Varzy Papyrus 217

Vienna System 66

vizier 58, 88–90, 92, 165–166 fig. 86, 179–181 fig. 94, 182–183, 188, 202 fig. 101

vegetable 200, 212, 214, 234, 237, 239

Wadj-wer 5

Wadi Abbad 21

Wadi Gassus 21

Wadi Hammamat 19 fig. 13, 20, 21 fig. 14, 82, 87

Wadi Natrun 275

Wadi Tumulat 21

Waret 90

Westcar Papyrus 81–82, 173

Wilkinson, John Gardner 38–39

Wilbour Papyrus 209

Window of Appearance 203

x-ray 66, 67 fig. 43, 105

Yam 83

Young, Thomas 37

Zia, Yusuf 44

Zodiac of Dendera 41




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