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Fearing Others
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Details

  • 29 tables
  • Page extent: 450 pages
  • Size: 228 x 152 mm
  • Weight: 0.854 kg

Library of Congress

  • Dewey number: 616.85/225
  • Dewey version: 22
  • LC Classification: RC552.S62 S77 2007
  • LC Subject headings:
    • Social phobia
    • Social phobia--Treatment
    • Phobic Disorders
    • Interpersonal Relations
    • Social Isolation--psychology

Library of Congress Record

Hardback

 (ISBN-13: 9780521854870)

Fearing Others
Cambridge University Press
978-0-521-85487-0 - Fearing Others: The Nature and Treatment of Social Phobia - by Ariel Stravynski
Index

Author Index



Abi-Dargham, A. 146, 150

Abou-Saleh, M. T. 129

Abrardi, L. 129, 131

Abwender, D. A. 272

Acharyya, S. 115

Adams, H. B. 45, 227

Adams, J. A.

Adler, R. 152

Agras, W. S. 216, 217, 322, 326

Aguilar-Gaxiola, S. 126

Ahmoi Essau, C. 128

Ainsworth, M. D. S. 276

Aizenberg, D. 90

Akiskal, H. S. 100, 101, 107, 117, 124, 169

Albuisson, E. 295, 331

Alden, L. E. 195, 196, 235

Alderete, E. 126

Alexander, D. A. 32

Alger, A. A. 109, 121

Allan, S. 79

Allen, T. W. 192

Allgulander, C. 218, 309, 315

Alpert, J. E. 108, 120

Aluoja, A. 128, 132, 146, 150

Alves, A. B. 218, 319

Amies, P. L. 119

Amir, N. 198–201, 207–10, 219, 221

Amrein, R. 95, 97, 161, 218, 308, 311, 319

Anderer, P. 165

Anderson, J. C. 172

Anderson, K. W. 213, 294, 331

Anderson, T. S. 154–6

André, C. 55, 128

Andreas, D. 278

Andreasen, N. C. 71

Andrews, G. 77, 85, 92, 106, 115, 130

Andrews, S. 176

Angst, J. 115, 129, 275

Antony, M. M. 42, 117, 203, 273

APA (American Psychiatric Association) xv, 28, 31, 67

Arana, G. 159–65

Arancio, C. 154, 156, 167

Arbel, N. 45, 133, 240, 242, 244, 245, 265, 266, 274, 300, 301, 303, 304, 329, 330, 358

Ardon, M. A. 29, 37

Argyle, M. 226, 227

Arinam, I. T. 180

Arnarson, E. O. 127

Arnkoff, D. B. 216, 217, 322

Arntz, A. 98, 118, 333

Arrindell, W. A. 29, 37, 229, 230, 264

Asendorf, J. B. 59–60, 254

Asmundson, G. J. G. 91, 93, 126, 148, 153

Asnis, G. 151

Atmaca, M. 320

Avenevoli, S. 115

Axelson, D. 165

Bagby, R. M. 120

Baghei, F. 180–1

Baker, S. R. 43, 61, 66, 112, 153, 235

Baldwin, D. 114–15, 309

Ballenger, J. 159–65

Bandelow, B. 99, 171, 274, 275

Barbarich, N. 109

Barbato, L. M. 312

Barber, B. 38

Barlow, D. H. 31, 79, 86, 109, 119, 121

Barnett, S. D. 317

Baron, J. 220

Barr Taylor, C. 98, 122, 206

Barrett, P. M. 157, 158, 270

Bartko, J. J. 216, 217, 322

Bartlett, S. J. 77

Bartolozzi, D. 129, 131

Basile, V. 178, 179

Basoglu, M. 37, 66, 105, 118

Battegay, R. 129, 132

Beattie, M. 290

Beazley, M. B. 235

Bebchuk, J. 147, 151

Beck, A. T. 111, 185, 186

Beck, J. G. 79

Becker, E. 98, 116, 122, 206

Becker, R. E. 47, 57, 190, 192, 207, 214, 329

Beery, S. H. 272

Beidel, D. C. 50, 56, 88, 91, 97–9, 101, 121, 123, 124, 134, 172, 194, 206, 237, 255, 262, 323, 332

Bell, C. 148, 153, 156, 166

Bellack, A. S. 122, 206, 227, 231, 233, 237

Bell-Dolan, D. J. 52

Bellodi, L. 154, 156, 167

Bene, D. D. 114

Bengel, D. 180

Benjamin, J. 180

Benjamin, R. 89

Benkelfat, C. 159

Berger, P. A. 60, 264

Bergner, R. M. 45

Bergstrom, K. 146, 150

Bergtholdt, B. 311

Berlin, L. J. 279, 283

Bernardo, M. 129

Berntson, G. G. 41

Berrios, G. 16, 18, 19

Bertani, A. 154, 156, 167

Betz, F. 111

Biederman, J. 248, 252, 256–9, 262

Bienvenu, O. J. 85, 116

Bierut, L. J. 274

Biever, J. L. 189, 190

Bijl, R. V. 128

Bilu, Y. 14

Birbaumer, N. 159–65, 167

Bird, H. R. 127

Birmaher, B. 165

Bisserbe, J.-C. 114, 131

Bjorntorp, P. 180–1

Black, B. 154

Blacker, D. 157

Bland, R. C. 126

Blashfield, R. K. 77

Blazer, D. G. 89, 112, 127, 274

Blehar, M. C. 276

Blendell, K. A. 214, 216

Blockx, P. 151

Blomhoff, S. 314

Blumer, C. A. 233

Bobes, J. 309

Bodinger, L. 90

Bögels, S. M. 212, 239, 267, 302, 330

Bohlin, G.

Bohning, D. 159–65

Boissy, A. 37

Bolduc, E. A. 248, 252, 256–9, 262

Bolduc-Murphy, E. A. 257

Bolshakov, V. Y. 182

Bonasse, F. 295, 331

Bond, R. 40

Bond, T. C. 104, 108

Boone, M. L. 57

Borg, K. 308

Borgeat, F. 240, 242, 244, 245, 300, 301, 303, 304, 329, 330, 358

Boulton, M. J. 273

Bounader, J. 240, 242, 244, 245, 300, 301, 303, 304, 329, 330, 358

Bourland, S. 265, 268

Bouwer, C. 9

Bowen, R. C. 218, 306, 313

Bowlby, J. 31, 41, 275–6, 278

Boyer, P. 114, 131

Boyle, G. J. 127

Boyle, M. H. 99, 126, 171

Bradley, S. 281

Bradwejn, J. 154–6, 159

Brassard, M. R. 273

Bravo, M. 127

Brawman-Mintzer, O. 145, 146

Breidenstein-Cutspec, P. 59

Bremner, J. 165

Breukers, P. 230

Bridges, K. R. 230

Brodrick, P. 159–65

Broocks, A. 99, 171, 274, 275

Brook, J. 113

Brooks, D. N. 46

Brown, A. M. 53

Brown, E. J. 51, 98, 122, 134, 206, 332

Brown, G. W. 159–65, 167, 176, 177

Brown, S. D. 189, 190

Brown, T. A. 86, 88, 104, 106, 131, 154

Bruch, M. A. 60, 115, 214–17, 264, 265, 269, 293, 297, 323, 328, 329, 331

Brugesser, H. 152

Bryant, B. 53, 226, 227

Bucholz, K. K. 110, 120, 274

Buergener, F. 235

Bulik, C. M. 109, 124, 126

Burger, V. 316

Burke, J. D. 87

Burnam, A. 87

Burns, A. 270

Burns, J. 200

Burton, R. 18

Busch, R. 43

Bushnell, J. A. 130

Bushnell, W. 309

Buss, A. H. 59, 247, 282

Buss, D. 40

Buswell, B. N. 36

Butler, G. 296, 331

Bystritsky, A. 306, 315

Cacioppo, J. T. 41

Cai, E. G. 85

Caldirola, D. 154, 156, 167

Cambron, S. 265, 268

Cameron, A. 95, 161, 308, 311

Campbell, D. C. 126

Campbell, H. 95, 324

Campbell, L. A. 86, 88, 104, 106, 131

Campeas, R. 114, 216–18, 308, 320, 323, 328, 331, 332

Canetti, E. 38

Canino, G. J. 127

Cannistraro, P. 165

Caraveo-Anduaga, J. 126, 127

Carlson, E. 278, 279

Carney, R. M. 192

Carpenter, D. 310

Carruthers, M. 152

Carson, S. 147, 150

Cartier, L. E. 57

Casat, C. D. 317

Casey, B. 165

Caspi, A. 262

Cassano, G. B. 100, 101, 108, 145, 146, 169

Cassidy, J. 279, 283

Caster, J. B. 265, 267

Catalano, R. 126

Cavanagh, S. 165

Ceballos-Baumann, A. O. 43

Cecchi, C. 129, 131

Cen, G. 269

Chalmers, A. F. 224

Chaloff, J. 248, 257

Chambless, D. L. 96, 97, 122, 134, 235, 237

Chang, L. Y. 129

Chao, J. 310

Chapman, T. F. 88, 99, 100, 169, 170, 173, 176, 268

Charima Torrento, A. 99, 171, 274, 275

Charles, H. 159, 160

Charnov, E. L. 277

Chartier, M. 91, 99, 101, 104, 126, 145, 146, 148, 153, 170, 172, 178, 179, 275

Chatterjee, S. 145, 146

Chavira, D. A. 66

Cheek, J. M. 59

Chen, H. 251, 269

Chen, X. 251, 253, 254, 269

Chenier, N. 301, 304, 358

Chess, S. 247–8, 282

Chisholm, J. S. 43

Choi, J. O. 129, 132

Chokka, P. R. 218, 313

Chorpita, B. 31

Chou, S. P. 111, 126

Chrousos, G. 156

Chua, P. 159

Chubaty, D. 99, 101, 170, 172, 179

Chung, H. 95, 314

Cimbolic, P. 216, 217, 322

Claes, G. 333, 358

Claparede, E. 19, 23

Clark, D. 187, 204, 209, 221

Clark, D. B. 216, 217, 322, 326

Clark, D. M. 95, 186, 187, 195, 197, 203, 207, 295, 324

Clarke, C. 252

Clarke, J. C. 51, 212, 293–6

Clary, C. M. 314

Cloitre, M. 199, 216, 217, 323, 328, 331

Cohen, B. 148, 151

Cohen, J. 84

Cohen, L. 147, 150

Cohen, P. 113

Coles, M. E. 201, 204, 207–10, 219, 221

Colket, J. T. 97, 218, 317

Collins, R. 35

Collins, T. M. 60, 264

Colmenares, E. 127

Compton, J. S. 312, 325, 327

Condren, R. 147, 151, 157, 158

Connor, K. M. 312, 317, 325, 327, 358

Conquest, R. 38, 41

Conradt, J. 53, 258

Contesse, V. 151

Cook, J. L. 358

Cooper, J. E. 86

Coplan, J. 168

Corley, R. 253

Corner, P. 38, 39

Cornet, F. C. 29, 37

Corriveau, D. P. 233

Cosci 131

Costa, P. T. 116

Costello, C. G. 54, 126

Costello, E. 89

Cosyns, P. 151

Cotran, R. S. 69

Cottler, L. B. 87

Cottraux, J. 295, 331

Coudert, A. J. 295, 331

Coupland, N. 148, 153, 156

Cowen, P. 173

Cox, B. J. 61, 120

Coyne, N. A. 233

Craddock, A. E. 270

Craig, W. M. 273

Craighead, E. 33

Cramer, V. 128

Crawford, H. J. 53

Crawford, R. 47, 57, 91

Crick, N. R. 273

Crino, R. 95

Crits-Christoph, P. 192

Cronbach, L. J. 77

Crowe, R. R. 110

Culhane, M. A. 275

Cullington, A. 296, 331

Curran, J. P. 225, 227, 228, 231–2, 239

D’Adamo, D. 129, 131

D’Hondt, P. 151

Dadds, M. R. 270

Dahl, A. A. 315

Dahl, R. 165

Dalman, P. 333, 358

Dandes, S. K. 271

Daniels, D. 264, 267

Dar, R. 61

Daradkeh, T. K. 129

Davenport, C. 95, 324

David, D. 274

Davidson, A. 307

Davidson, J. R. T. 89, 97, 112, 127, 159, 160, 205, 218, 307, 309, 312, 317, 318, 325, 327, 358

Davidson, R. J. 149, 153, 159, 165, 191

Davies, D. 154

Davies, S. 53, 216–18, 320, 332

Davis, C. G. 275

Davis, S. 224

Davis, W. W. 75

Davy, K. L. 311

Dawkins, R. 173

Dawson, D. A. 111, 126

De Monchaux, C. 21

De Vos, N. 151

Deater-Deckard, K. 285

DeCaria, C. 147, 150

DeFries, J. C. 173, 175

Degonda, M. 129

DeGood, D. E. 191, 192

Del Medico, V. J. 108

Delaney, S. 145, 146

Delmonte, M. M.

Delarue, C. 151

DeLecuona, J. 151

Delmonte, M. M. 191

DeMartinis, N. A. 157, 158, 314

Demir, D. 117, 124

Demir, T. 117, 124

Den Boer, J. A. 155, 167, 308, 311, 317

Dewar, K. 72

DeWit, D. J. 246

Dick, C. L. 126

DiLalla, L. F. 253

Dill, L. M. 42

Dilsaver, S. C. 108

Dimsdale, J. 152

DiNardo, P. A. 86, 88

Dinwiddie, S. 274

Ditto, W. B. 37

Dixon, J. J. 21

Dodge, C. D. 47, 57, 192, 207

Dodge, C. S. 190, 329

Dolan, R. T. 111, 159

Dolder, M. 152

Dombeck, M. J. 199, 207

Donkin, R. 38

Doraiswamy, P. 159

Douglas, A. R. 46

Douilliez, C. 202

Drevets, W. 165

Drewes, M. J. 53

Drott, C. 333, 358

Duchmann, E. 121, 124

Dugas, L. 19, 23

Dunne, M. P. 274

Dutton, D. L. 264, 267

Dyck, I. R. 111, 113

Dziadosz, T. 208

Eastburg, M. 264, 267

Eaton, W. W. 85, 116, 127

Eaves, L. J. 173, 176

Eccard, C. 165

Echeburua, E. 215, 294, 297

Eckman, P. S. 205

Edelmann, R. J. 43, 61, 66, 112, 153, 235

Egeland, B. 279, 280, 283

Ehlers, A. 57, 95, 134, 195, 324

Ehlert, U. 156

Eifert, G. H. 46

Ekselius, L. 164, 268

Elie, R. 240, 242, 264, 300, 347

El-Islam, M. F. 14

Ellenbogen, M. 159

Emery, G. 186

Emilien, G. 315

Emmanuel, N. P. 145, 146

Emmelkamp, P. M. G. 28, 97, 121, 212, 230, 233, 239–41, 244, 293–7, 302, 330, 332, 334

Endicott, J. 68, 84

Enns, M. W. 61

Epstein, S. 31

Erb, M. 159–65, 167

Eren, I. 165

Ernst, C. 275

Errera, P. 17

Erskine, A. 95

Escobar, J. I. 87

Eshleman, S. 127, 132

Essau, C. A. 53, 107, 131, 132, 258

Estes, D. 277

Evans, A. 159

Evans, L. 19, 49, 50

Everz, P. O. 45, 55, 128

Ewell, K. K. 272

Eysenck, H. J. 262

Eysenck, S. B. J. 262

Fabian, J. 240, 242, 244, 245, 300, 301, 303, 304, 329, 330, 358

Faccenda, K. 265, 266

Fahlén, T. 308, 333

Fallon, B. A. 114, 115, 216–18, 308, 323, 328, 331

Falloon, I. 325

Faraone, S. V. 252, 256–9, 262

Faravelli, C. 129, 131

Farvolden, P. 163, 165

Fatis, M. 58

Faure, M. 309

Fava, M. 108, 120

Fayyad, R. 314

Feehan, M. 89, 130

Feltner, D. E. 318

Fennell, M. 95, 324

Fergusson, D. M. 102

Ferrer, V. 129

Feske, U. 97

Fiammetta, C. 131

Figueira, I. 110, 116

Finnie, V. 269–70

First, M. B. 75

Fischer, H. 159–65, 167

Flament, M. F. 109

Flor, H. 159–65, 167

Flores, I. 129

Flower, T. 95, 324

Foa, E. B. 198, 199, 201–3, 207–10, 219, 221, 312, 325, 327

Fodor, J. 186

Földényi, M. 275

Ford, S. M. 205, 218, 317

Forde, D. R. 54–5, 126

Forman, L. 75

Forsythe, A. B. 87

Fox, N. A. 60

Frances, A. 35, 75

Francis, G. 256

Franklin, M. E. 202–3, 219, 312, 325, 327

Frare, F. 107

Frary, R. B. 52

Fredrikson, M. 45, 55, 128, 159–65, 167, 180, 181, 268

Freedland, K. E. 192

Fresco, D. M. 22, 204

Freshman, M. 198, 199

Friedberg, F. 77

Friedman, D. 258

Friend, R. 48–50, 193–4

Friman, P. C. 34

Frost, A. K. 89

Frost, R. O. 265, 266

Fuetsch, M. 104, 114, 265

Fugere, C. 99, 171

Furer, P. 99, 101, 170, 172, 179

Furlan, P. 157, 158

Furlong, M. 190

Furmark, T. 45, 55, 128, 159–65, 167, 180, 181, 268

Futterer, R. 318

Fydrich, T. 235

Fyer, A. J. 47, 57, 84, 88, 91, 99, 100, 143, 148, 151, 152, 154, 169, 170, 173, 176, 216, 218, 268, 309, 312, 320, 332

Gaddle, K. M. 312, 325, 327

Gallops, M. S. 84

Gansler, D. 192

Garcia Coll, C. 248, 250–3, 256, 258, 259, 262

Gardner, S. 220

Gardner, W. P. 277

Garfinkel, R. 114

Garpenstrand, H. 180, 181

Gath, D. 173

Gaudette, G. 240, 242, 244, 245, 300, 301, 303, 304, 329, 330, 358

Gefvert, O. 45, 55, 128

Gelder, M. G. xv, 21, 119, 173

Gelenberg, A. J. 315, 316

Gelernter, C. S. 118, 150, 157, 216, 217, 322

Gelernter, J. 178, 179

Gentil, V. 151

George, L. K. 89, 112, 127, 274

George, M. 159–65

Geotz, D. 217

Geraci, M. 154–6, 167

Gergel, I. 309

Gerlach, A. L. 57, 66, 149, 153, 156, 235

Gershuny, B. S. 274

Gersten, M. 256–9, 262

Gerth, H. 38, 43

Ghaziuddin, N. 151

Ghubash, R. 129

Giaconia, R. M. 89

Giardinelli, L. 129

Gibbons, J. 254

Gilad, R. 145, 146

Gilbert, J. 194

Gilbert, P. 66, 79, 236

Gilboa-Schechtman, E. 198, 199, 201, 203

Gilbody, S. 333

Gili, M. 129

Gilmartin, B. G. 271

Giron, A. 274

Gitow, A. 89, 114

Gjedde, A. 159

Glas, G. 16

Glass, C. R. 96, 189, 190

Glassman, M. 41

Glauer, M. 159–65, 167

Glover, A. 58

Glowinski, A. 120

Godart, N. T. 109

Goedhart, A. W. 53

Goering, E. 59

Goering, P. 126

Goetz, D. 218, 308

Goetz, R. R. 92, 156, 167

Goisman, R. M. 89, 106, 133

Gold, P. 156

Goldberg, S. 281

Goldeen, R. 147, 150

Goldenberg, I. M. 89, 106, 133

Goldfinger, K. 214

Goldin, P. 159–65, 167

Goldner, E. M. 218, 313

Goldsmith, H. H. 247, 282

Goldsmith, J. B. 231

Goldstein, A. J. 97

Goleman, D. J. 191

Goodnow, J. 270

Goodwin, D. W. 28, 30, 37

Goodwin, R. D. 102

Gopnik, A. 223

Gorenstein, E. E. 77, 78

Gorman, J. M. 47, 57, 84, 91, 92, 143, 148, 151, 152, 154, 156, 167, 168, 216, 218, 320, 332

Gorsky, J. M. 60, 264

Gothberg, G. 333, 358

Gould, R. A. 96, 217, 324

Grant, B. F. 111, 126

Grant, J. D. 120

Gray, J. A. 35, 181, 262

Green, L. 39

Greenberg, B. 180

Greenberg, D. 14, 225, 227

Greenberg, R. L. 186

Greist, J. H. 218, 309, 312, 313, 317

Grey, S. 240, 242, 347

Griesinger, W. 71

Griez, E. 156

Grilo, C. M. 275

Grisham, J. R. 86, 104, 106, 131

Grodd, W. 159

Gross, J. J. 291

Gross, W. 159–65, 167

Grotpeter, J. K. 273

Gruber, K. 57, 66, 153

Grüner, K. 263

Grzywacz, A. 179, 180

Gudmundsdottir, A. 127

Guérin, J. 295, 331

Guerrini Degl’Innocenti, B. 129

Gullone, E. 53

Gully, R. 216, 218, 320, 332

Gündel, H. 43

Gunderson, J. G. 275

Gunnar, M. 278

Gur, R. 159

Gur, S. 156

Gurley, D. 113

Gursky, D. M. 37

Guze, S. B. 78

Hacking, I. 77

Hackmann, A. 95, 187, 204, 209, 221, 324

Hadrava, V. 218, 313

Hadzi-Pavlovic, D. 103

Hagekull, B. 280

Hageman, W. M. 230

Hajak, G. 99, 171, 274, 275

Hajduk, A. 179, 180

Hall, G. 163, 165

Hallam, R. 34

Ham, L. S. 120

Hamer, D. 180

Hami, S. 310

Hamilton, J. L. 38

Hamner, M. 159–65

Han, J. H. 129, 132

Hand, I. 228, 238, 240, 244, 302, 330

Harnett-Sheehan, K. 331

Harpin, R. E. 325

Harris, J. R. 285

Hart, T. A. 115

Hartenberg, P. 19–21, 23

Harvey, J. M. 208

Hasin, D. S. 111, 126

Hastings, P. D. 251, 253, 254, 269

Hatterer, J. 216, 218, 320, 332

Haug, T. T. 314

Hawker, D. S. J. 273

Hawkins, J. D. 102

Hawley, P. H. 38

Hayes, K. 110, 116

Hayes, S. C. 34

Hayward, C. 101, 157, 158, 261

Hazen, A. L. 99, 101, 145, 146, 170, 172, 179

Healy, D. 304

Heath, A. C. 120, 173, 176, 274

Heath, I. 73, 333

Heckelman, L. R. 114

Hegeman, I. M. 101

Heidenreich, T. 295

Heils, A. 180

Heimberg, R. G. 22, 47, 51, 57, 89, 96–8, 115, 122, 123, 134, 188, 190, 192, 199, 206, 207, 214–17, 228, 237, 265, 266, 269, 293, 297, 323, 328, 329, 331, 332

Hellström, K. 314

Helsel, W. J. 52, 53

Helzer, J. E. 84

Henderson, H. A. 251, 253, 254

Henderson, J. G. 55, 114–15

Hendriks, D. 151

Henriques, J. 149, 153, 165

Henry, D. 73, 333

Herbert, J. D. 98, 122, 202–3, 206, 219, 237

Hermann, C. 159–65, 167

Hermesh, H. 90, 145, 146, 156

Hérot, C. 258

Herrenkohl, T. I. 102

Hersen, M. 227

Hesselbrock, V. M. 110

Hewimberg, R. G. 204

Hietala, J. 150

Hildebrand, M. 28

Hinde, R. A. 247, 282

Hirshfeld, D. R. 252, 256–9, 262

Hirshfeld, J. 248, 257

Hirshfeld-Becker, D. R. 258

Ho Pian, K. 155, 167

Hocutt, M. 342

Hoehn-Saric, R. 28

Hoes, M. J. 34

Höfler, M. 104, 265

Hofmann, B. 68

Hofmann, S. G. 56, 57, 98, 112, 122, 134, 195, 206, 235, 293

Hohlin, G. 280

Hollander, E. 92, 147, 150, 156, 167, 216, 218, 320, 332

Holm, G. 180–1

Holme, I. 314

Holmes, R. 42

Holt, C. S. 51, 117, 123, 124, 134, 195, 199, 206, 214, 216, 217, 228, 237, 265, 266, 269, 323, 328, 331

Holt, G. S. 89

Holt, P. E. 92

Homel, R. 270

Hood, J. 281

Hope, D. A. 51, 98, 120, 122, 123, 134, 190, 195, 199, 206, 207, 214–17, 236, 237, 265, 267, 293, 297, 323, 328, 329, 331

Hornblow, A. R. 130

Horner, K. J. 51

Hornig, C. D. 107, 109, 110, 127, 132

Horodnicki, J. 179, 180

Horwood, L. J. 102

Hough, R. L. 87

Howard, L. J. 109, 121

Howard, W. T. 116

Howarth, E. 36

Hoyer, J. 116

Huang, B. 111, 126

Hudson, J. L. 263, 265

Hughes, D. L. 89, 112, 127

Hugues, M. 127, 132

Humble, M. 308, 314

Hume, D. 224

Humphrey, N. K. 40

Hunt, N. 43

Hunter, B. 95

Huppert, J. D. 312, 325, 327

Huston, L. 280, 283

Huta, V. 117

Huzel, L. 145, 146

Hwu, H. G. 129

Hymel, S. 272

IMCTGM 307

Inderbitzen, H. M. 265, 267, 271

Ingram, M. 37

Irwin, W. 159

Ishiguro, H. 180

Ishiyama, F. I. 59

Issakidis, C. 106, 115, 130

Izard, C. E. 31, 43–4

Jack, M. S. 96

Jacob, R. G. 97, 323, 332

Jacobs, M. 101

Jalenques, I. 295, 331

James, B. 67

Janet, P. 18, 19, 23

Janicak, P. G. 304

Janney, C. A. 317

Jansen, M. A. 98, 118, 333

Jason, L. A. 77

Jeammet, P. 109

Jefferson, J. W. 218, 309, 312, 313, 317

Jenkins 30

Joffe, R. T. 120

Johnson, B. 264, 267

Johnson, J. 107, 109, 110, 127, 132

Johnson, M. 145, 146, 159–65

Johnston, D. G. 218, 313

Jones, E. E. 224

Jordan, F. 92, 156, 167

Jordan, K. M. 77

Joseph, J. 182

Joyce, P. R. 130

Juster, H. R. 51, 96, 98, 122, 134, 206, 216, 217, 228, 265, 266, 323, 328, 331, 332

Kachin, K. E. 61

Kaelber, C. T. 104

Kagan, J. 102, 181, 182, 248, 250–4, 256–9, 261–6, 268, 282–4

Kahn, R. 150

Kaiser, G. 228, 238, 240, 244, 302, 330

Kalus, O. 151

Kamin, L. J. 173, 181

Kamini, L. H. P. 317

Kappeli, L. 152

Karaman, R. 165

Karen, R. 277

Karno, M. 87

Kaser, H. 152

Kashani, J. H. 172

Kasper, S. 316

Katschnig, H. 165

Katz, R. J. 218, 309

Katzelnick, D. J. 218, 309, 312, 313, 317

Katzman, M. 155, 156

Kaufman, E. R. 101

Kaye, W. H. 109, 121, 124

Kazdin, A. 33

Kean, Y. M. 115

Keedwell, P. 46

Keefe, F. J. 312, 325, 327

Keegan, J. 39

Keller, M. B. 89, 106, 113, 114, 133

Kelly, J. 89

Kelman, H. C. 38

Kelsey, J. E. 306, 315

Keltner, D. 36

Kemp Smith, N. 224

Kemper, T. D. 35, 36, 38, 62, 284

Kendel, E. R. 182

Kendell, R. E. 74, 78

Kendler, K. A. 173, 176

Kendler, K. S. 127, 132, 275

Kendon, A. 226

Kenna, D. 19, 49, 50

Kennedy, C. R. 329

Kennedy, J. 178, 179

Kent, J. 168

Kerr, M. 251

Kessler, R. C. 53, 108, 127, 132, 173, 176, 275

Kestenbaum, R. 278

Khan, A. 315

Khanna, S. 145, 146

Kihlstrom, J. 41

Killen, J. D. 101, 261

Kim, Y. S. 129, 132

King, C. 151

King, N. J. 53, 178, 179

King, W. L. 63

Kirk, S. A. 64

Kirkby, K. C. 331

Kiziltan, E. 117, 124

Kjernisted, K. J. D. 104

Klackenberg-Larssen, I. 251

Klein, D. 143, 148, 151, 152, 154, 156, 167, 216, 218, 320, 332

Klein, D. F. 84, 99, 100, 169, 170, 173, 176, 216, 217, 268, 323, 328, 331

Klein, F. 88, 169

Klein, K. H. 129, 132

Klein, S. 32

Klingen, E. 87, 175

Klonsky, B. G. 264, 267

Klose, U. 159

Knapp, M. 114–15

Kobak, K. A. 218, 309, 312, 313, 318

Koch, W. J. 213, 294, 331

Kochanska, G. 253

Kolassa, I. 159–65, 167

Kollman, D. M.

Kolody, B. 126

Kopelowicz, A. 331

Koponen, H. 146, 150

Korbly, N. 157

Korten, A. 86

Kose, S. 159–65

Kosterman, R. 102

Koszycki, D. 154–6

Kozak, M. V. 99, 101, 170, 172, 178, 179

Kraemer, H. C. 101, 261

Kraimaat, F. 303, 304

Kramer, M. L. 317

Krams, M. 159

Krangel, T. 165

Krieg, J. C. 128

Kringlen, E. 128

Krishnan, K. 159, 160

Krishnan, R. 205, 218, 317

Kroft, C. 145, 146

Kucharska-Mazur, J. 179, 180

Kuhn, J. 151

Kuikka, J. 146, 150

Kuloglu, M. 320

Kumar, R. 95

Kumar, V. 69

Kwak, Y. S. 129, 132

Kwee, M. G. T. 230

Kwon, J. 147, 150

La Greca, A. M. 271

Lacey, H. 223

Lachance, L. 45, 133, 240, 242, 244, 245, 300, 301, 303, 304, 329, 330, 358

Lader, M. 28, 30, 40, 283, 316

Lamb, M. E. 277

Lambert, W. W. 251

Lamontagne, Y. 123, 240, 242, 244, 245, 300, 301, 303, 304, 329, 330, 358

Lampe, L. 106, 115, 130

Landen, M. 180–1

Lander, S. 99, 101, 170, 172, 179

Lane, R. M. 218, 313

Lang, S. 278

Langstrom, B. 159–65, 167, 180, 181

Larkin, K. T. 91

Larsen, K. H. 189, 190

Laruelle, M. 146, 150

Lasko, N. 165

Last, C. G. 52, 256

Laufer, N. 145, 146

Lauterbach, W. 295

Lavallée, Y. 123, 218, 313

Lazarus, P. J. 58

Lazeyras, F. 159, 160

Leal, S. 129

Leary, M. R. 37, 43, 47, 352

Lecrubier, Y. 114, 131

Lederman, R. J. 66

LeDoux, L. 37

Lee, C. K. 129, 132

Lee, Y. H. 129, 132

Lefebvre, H. 151

Lefkowitz, E. S. 89

Lehikoinen, P. 150

Lehman, C. L. 86, 88, 104, 106, 131

Leinonen, E. 146, 150

Lelliott, P. 119

Lellouch, J. 89, 128

LeMare, L. 272

Lemus, C. 150

Lenglet, S. 151

Lengua, L. J. 102

Lenzi, M. 117, 124

Lépine, J. P. 16, 55, 89, 107, 114, 128, 131, 132

Lepola, U. 146, 150, 311, 315

Lerer, B. 151

Lesage, A. 240, 264, 300

Lesch, K. 180

Leslie, W. 159, 160

Leung, A. W. 97, 265, 269

Levenson, R. W. 30

Levin, A. P. 47, 57, 91

Levin, J. 156

Levitt, A. J. 120

Levitt, E. E. 32, 34

Lewin, M. R. 57

Lewinsohn, P. M. 227

Lewis, A. 34

Lewis, M. 151, 152, 168

Lewontin, R. C. 173, 181

Li, D. 312

Liberman, R. P. 226, 331

Liberzon, I. 165

Libet, J. M. 227

Lieb, R. 104, 265

Liebel, C. N. 264, 267

Liebowitz, M. R. 22, 47, 48, 50, 51, 57, 84, 88, 91, 92, 100, 107, 109, 110, 114, 115, 127, 132, 143, 146–8, 150–2, 154, 156, 167, 169, 173, 199, 216–18, 307–10, 314–16, 319, 320, 323, 328, 331, 332

Lim, L. 194, 234

Lima, S. L. 42

Lima-Costa, M. F. 127

Lin, E. 126

Lin, S. 146, 150, 217

Lindal, E. 127

Lindsay, W. R. 46

Lingsma, M. M. 230

Linkowski, P. 168

Lipowski, Z. J. 73

Lips, C. 239–41, 244, 302

Liss, A. 273

Livesley, W. J. 77

Lizak, M. 178, 179

Lloyd, G. G. 325

Lo Iacono, B. 131

Lobitz, W. C. 227

Londborg, P. D. 314

Looren de Jong, H. 186, 343, 345

LoPiccolo, J. 227

Lorberbaum, J. 159–65

Lorenz, M. 200

Lott, M. 218, 309

Lotze, M. 159–65, 167

Louis, B. 95, 324

Lourenço, O. 33

Lowe, M. 159

Lucki, I. 157, 158

Lucock, M. P. 202

Lundh, L. G. 197–8, 200, 204

Lydiard, R. B. 145, 146, 159–65, 309

Lygren, S. 175

Lynch, T. R. 312, 325, 327

Lyons, D. 156–8

Ma, Y. 113

MacDonald, G. 352

MacDonald, K. 246

Mack, A. H. 75

Macklin, M. 165

MacLeod, C. 30

MacMillan, H. 275

MacPherson, P. S. R. 61

Madden, P. A. F. 120, 274

Madsbu, H. P. 314

Maes, M. 151

Magee, W. J. 127, 274

Mahoney, M. 33

Mailman, R. 147, 150

Malcarne, V. L. 66

Malcolm, N. 185

Malizia, A. 166

Malleret, G. 182

Manassis, K. 281

Mancill, R. B. 86, 104, 106, 131

Mancin, I. C. 163, 165

Mancini, C. 95, 99, 171, 260, 275

Mandelstam, N. 41

Mangano, R. 306, 315

Mangelsdorf, S. 278, 279

Manicavasagar, V. 103

Mannuzza, S. 84, 88, 99, 100, 169, 170, 173, 176, 268

Mantle, J. M. 313

Marazziti, D. 145, 146

Marcouiller, M. 240, 264, 300

Margreiter, N. 165

Marks, I. M. xv, 17, 18, 21, 28–30, 37, 40, 42–4, 61, 66, 105, 118, 119, 181, 214, 225, 239, 244, 283, 291, 303, 304, 329–31, 334

Marks, M. 37, 66, 105, 118

Marom, S. 90, 145, 146, 156

Maron, E. 146, 150

Marques, C. 110, 116

Marshall, J. 149, 153, 165

Marshall, R. D. 217, 218, 308

Marteinsdottir, I. 45, 55, 128, 159–65, 167, 180, 181

Martel, F. 157, 158

Martin, L. Y. 84, 99, 159–65, 167, 169, 170, 176, 268

Martin, N. G. 274

Martinez, A. 138

Martinez, J. 92, 156, 167

Martinez, R. 127

Martis, B. 165

Marvinney, D. 279

Marzol, P. 274

Masia, C. L. 57, 285

Masia-Warner, C. L. 273

Mason, G. 147, 150

Mason, W. A. 102

Masters, K. 109

Mata, B. 107

Matheny, A. P. 253

Matson, J. L. 52, 53

Mattia, J. I. 114, 199, 265, 266

Mattick, R. P. 51, 207, 212, 214, 293–6

Mauss, I. B. 291

Mavy, E. H. 28

May, R. 30

Mayer, K. 159

Mayou, R. 173

Mayr 177

Mazower, M. 39

McArdle, E. T. 96, 217, 324

McCabe, R. E. 273

McCall, R. B. 247, 282

McCallum, S. L. 196, 198

McCann, U. 154–6, 167

McCanna, M. 50, 194

McCauley, E. 102

McClearn, G. E. 173, 175

McClintock, M. K. 41

McDonald, C. 37

McFall, R. M. 48, 186, 219, 222, 223, 227, 229, 231

McGee, R. 53, 89, 130, 172

McGlashan, T. H. 275

McGonagle, K. A. 127, 132

McHale, S. 43

McLean, N. E. 108, 120

McLean, P. 213, 294, 331

McManus, F. 95, 324

McMullin, K. 165

McNally, R. J. 186, 200

McNamara, J. R. 233

McNamee, G. 119

McNeil, D. W. 31, 57, 229

Medawar, P. B. 176

Mednick, S. A. 251

Meehl, P. E. 77

Meesters, C. 53

Meichenbaum 186

Meier, G. H. 59–60

Melke, J. 180–1

Mellman, T. A. 274

Mellow, A. 151

Meltzer, H. 151

Melville, L. F. 196, 198

Meminger, S. R. 256–9, 262

Mengali, F. 100, 101, 169

Mennin, D. S. 96

Mentzel, H. 159–65, 167

Merckelbach, H. 29, 37, 53, 104, 260, 263

Merikangas, K. R. 115, 265

Merluzzi, T. V. 189, 190

Mersch, P. P. A. 28, 98, 118, 212, 215, 230, 233, 239–41, 244, 294, 295, 297, 302, 330, 331, 333

Meyer, E. 159

Mezzasalma, M. A. 116

Michels, R. 35

Mick, M. A. 260

Millan, M. 145

Millon, T. 138

Mills, C. W. 38, 43

Milot, S. 159

Miltner, W. 159–65, 167

Mineka, S. 41

Misslin, R. 17

Mock, B. 159

Moerman, D. 290, 331

Moffitt, T. E. 262

Mollard, E. 295, 331

Montano, J. J. 129

Monteiro, S. 42

Montgomery, S. A. 95, 97, 108, 161, 308, 311

Monti, P. M. 233

Mooij, A. 71

Moras, K. 86

Morey, L. C. 77, 275

Morita 21

Moroz, G. 307

Morris, T. L. 56, 172, 255, 285

Morrow, C. 265, 268

Moss, H. A. 259, 263–6

Moss, J. 152

Mourlane, D. 149, 153

Mousnier, R. 38

Moutard-Martin, F. 55, 128

Moynihan, R. 73, 132, 333

Mueller, G. P. 51

Müllejans, R. 129, 132

Muller, C. 180

Muller, J. T. 200

Müller, N. 104, 114

Munby, M. 296, 331

Münchau, N. 228, 238, 240, 244, 302, 330

Mundim, F. D. 218, 319

Munjack, D. 315, 316

Muris, P. 53, 260, 263, 267

Murphy, D. 180, 332

Murrell, E. 207

Myerson, A. 21

Nada Raja, S. 130

Nagele, T. 159

Nagren, K. 150

Nahmias, C. 163, 165

Nahshoni, E. 156

Naimark, N. M. 39

Nandy, S. 218, 313

Nardi, A. E. 116, 218, 319

Narrow, W. E. 104

Nascimento, I. 116

Nassini, S. 117, 124

Neale, M. C. 173, 176

Neftel, K. 152

Neiderhiser, J. M. 247

Nelson, C. B. 127, 132

Nelson, E. C. 120

Nelson-Gray, R. O. 77

Nestadt, G. 116

Neufeld, K. J. 85

Neves-Pereira, M. 178, 179

Neville, J. K. 52

Newell, R. 43

Newman, D. L. 262

Newman, M. G. 57, 61, 98, 122, 134, 151, 195, 206, 293

Newman, S. C. 126

Nickell, P. V. 72, 168

Nierenberg, A. A. 108, 120

Nil, R. 316

Nilsson, H. L. 308

Nir, V. 145, 146

Nisbett, R. E. 224

Norwood, R. 58

Note, B. 295, 331

Note, I. 295, 331

Noyes, R. 28, 117, 124, 307

Nurnberger, J. I. 110

Nutt, D. 148, 153, 156, 166

O’Neil, A. 157, 158

Oakes, R. 310

Oakley-Browne, M. A. 130

Oakman, J. 95, 163, 165, 260

Oatley, K. 30

Oei, T. P. S. 49, 50, 193–4

Offord, D. R. 126, 246

Ogborne, A. 246

Ohman, A. 17, 28, 31

Ollendick, T. H. 52, 53

Olsson-Rex, L. 333

Olweus, D. 272

Onstad, S. 87, 175

Oran, H. 126

Oreland, L. 180, 181

Orr, S. 165

Orsillo, S. M. 89

Orvaschel, H. 172, 258

Öst, L. G. 197–8, 200, 204

Otsuka, Y. 180

Otto, M. W. 96, 109, 157, 217, 274, 324

Page, A. C. 118

Page, G. 178, 179

Paionni, A. 129

Pakiz, B. 89

Pakriev, S. 128, 132

Pande, A. C. 317

Papadimitriou, G. N. 168

Papageorgiou, C. 204–5

Papp, L. 92, 148, 151, 156, 167, 216, 218, 320, 332

Parker, G. 263, 264

Parker, I. 224

Parker, K. 156

Partridge, F. 89

Passingham, R. 159

Patel, A. 114–15

Paterson, R. J. 213, 294, 331

Pato, M. T. 332

Pauli, U. 308

Pava, J. A. 108, 120

Paxton, R. O. 39

Pecknold, J. C. 218, 313

Pedersen, D. 39

Peitz, M. 295

Pélissolo, A. 16, 55, 128

Perez-Lopez, J. R. 199

Perna, G. 154, 156, 167

Perone, A. 129

Perry, K. J. 97, 202–3, 219, 235

Perugi, G. 100, 101, 107, 117, 124, 169

Petermann, F. 53, 258

Peters, L. 85, 212, 214, 293–6

Petri, S. 180

Phan, K. 165

Philippot, P. 202

Phillips, K. A. 111

Pickersgill, M. J. 29, 37, 230

Pilkonis, P. 58

Pincus, A. L. 61

Pine, D. S. 113

Pini, S. 108

Pinto, A. 265, 268

Pipe, B. 95, 163, 165

Pissiota, A. 159–65, 167

Pitman, R. 165

Pitts, C. D. 95, 309, 310

Plomin, R. 173–5, 177, 247, 253, 264, 267, 282

Polat, A. 165

Pollack, M. H. 96, 109, 157, 217, 274, 306, 309, 312, 315, 318, 324

Pollard, C. A. 55

Possidente, E. 110, 116

Post, R. 154–6

Potokar, J. 148, 153, 156

Pottick, J. J. 64

Potts, N. L. 158, 159, 205, 218, 317

Poulton, R. 53

Pratto, F. 38

Pribor, E. F. 274

Purdon, C. 42, 117

Putallaz, M.

Putman, D. 28

Qamar, A. B. 108

Quine, W. 224

Rachlin, H. 30, 223, 343

Racine, Y. A. 126

Radke-Yarrow, M. 253

Rae, D. S. 104

Raine, A. 251

Raj, B. A. 331

Ramos, R. 151

Ranchor, A. 230

Randall, C. L. 110, 121

Rapee, R. M. 37, 86, 119, 194, 196, 198, 199, 207, 234, 263, 265, 270

Rauch, S. 165

Ravaldi, C. 131

Ravelli, A. 128

Ravenscroft, H. 196, 198

Raylor, R. 77

Rector, J. A. 120

Regier, D. A. 87, 104, 108

Rehavi, M. 145, 146

Reich, J. 100, 101, 117, 124, 133, 169, 173

Reich, W. 120

Reinherz, H. Z. 89

Reiss, D. 247

Reiss, S. 37

Renken, B. 279

Renneberg, B. 97

Rettew, D. C. 275

Rex, L. L. 358

Reznick, J. S. 101, 248, 250–4, 256–9, 262, 268, 282, 283

Rhee, H. 129, 132

Richards, J. C. 208

Richardson, F. C. 231

Richichi, E. 205, 218, 317

Richman, J. A. 77

Rickels, K. 157, 158, 315

Riederer, P. 180

Riemann, B. C. 200

Ries, B. J. 31, 57, 229

Rist, F. 149, 153

Rivers, P. C. 120

Robbins, S. L. 69

Robins, E. 78

Robins, L. 87

Robinson, J. L. 253

Roca, M. 129

Rocha, F. L. 127

Rodney, J. M. 196–8

Rodriguez, B. F. 196

Roelcke, V. 23

Roscow-Terrill, D. 154, 155, 167

Rose, R. J. 37

Rose, S. 173, 181, 182

Rosen, J. B. 31

Rosenbaum, J. F. 108, 120, 248, 252, 256–9, 262

Rosenbaum, J. R. 96, 217, 324

Rosi, S. 129, 131

Rosmond, R. 180–1

Ross, R. 75

Rosser, S. 95

Rossi, A. 145, 146

Rossi, M. 152

Roth, D. 203

Roth, W. T. 56, 57, 66, 98, 112, 116, 122, 134, 149, 153, 156, 195, 206, 235, 293

Rothbart, M. K. 247, 282

Rothgerber, H. K. 40

Rothschild, A. J. 104, 108

Rowden, L. 272

Rowe, D. C. 253

Ruan, W. J. 111, 126

Rubin, K. H. 251, 253, 254, 269

Rubion, K. H. 272

Rubio-Stipec, M. 127

Ruggiero, L. 311

Ruotsalainen, U. 150

Russell, A. 269–70

Russell, B. 39

Russo, A. 108

Ruther, E. 99, 171, 274, 275

Rutter, M. 174, 177

Ryan, G. M. 191

Ryan, M. 158–65

Ryan, N. 165

Ryan, S. M. 270

Rydell, A. M. 280

Ryle, G. 223

Sabol, S. 180

Saboonchi, F.

Sachs, G. 165

Safren, S. A. 51, 96, 274

Salaberria, K. 215, 294, 297

Saletu, B. 165

Salkovskis, P. M. 202

Salmoria, R. 129

Salva, J. J. 129

Salzman, D. G. 214, 216

Samochowiec, A. 179, 180

Samochowiec, J. 179, 180

Sampson, E. E. 223

Samson, J. A. 104, 108

Samuels, J. F. 116

Sanborn, K. 157, 158

Sanderman, R. 230

Sanderson, W. C. 111, 119

Sandler, J. 21

Saoud, J. B. 47, 57, 91

Sapolsky, R. M. 61

Sarbin, T. R. 33–5

Sareen, J. 104, 159–65, 167, 310

Sartorius, N. 86, 87

Savino, M. 100, 101, 108, 169

Scarpa, A. 251

Scarpato, A. 129, 131

Scarpato, M. A. 131

Schaettle, S. C. 218, 309

Scharpe, S. 151

Scharwächter, I. 309

Schatzberg, A. F. 104, 108, 156–8

Schlenker, B. R. 37

Schlick, J. 128, 132

Schmidt, L. A. 60

Schneider, F. 159, 162

Schneier, F. R. 51, 88, 107, 109, 110, 114, 127, 132, 146, 150, 216–8, 308, 320, 323, 328, 331, 332

Schoenbach, V. J. 274

Scholing, A. 28, 97, 121, 212, 293, 294, 296, 297, 332, 334

Schroeder-Hartig, K. 228, 238, 240, 244, 302, 330

Schubart, UK. 182

Schuckit, M. A. 110

Schulkin, J. 31

Schwalberg, M. D. 109, 121

Schwartz, C. E. 102, 261, 262

Schwartz, G. E. 191

Schwartz, M. A. 69

Schweizer, E. 157, 158

Sebag Montefiore, S. 39

Seedat, S. 320

Semlitsch, H. 165

Sengun, S. 37, 66, 105, 118

Serlin, R. C. 313

Shapira, B. 151

Sharifi, N. 147, 151

Sharma, S. 157

Shaw, K. 271

Shaw, P. M. 119

Shea, T. 275

Shean, G. D. 205

Shear, M. K. 35

Sheehan, D. V. 71, 331

Shepherd, M. 64

Sheridan, J. F. 41

Shibuya, H. 180

Shiloh, R. 90

Shin, L. 165

Shin, R.-Y. 182

Shlik, J. 146, 150

Shriqui, C. 154

Shrout, P. E. 127

Shulman, S. 278, 279

Shumyatsky, G. B. 182

Sidanius, J. 38

Sidoun, P. 240, 242, 244, 245, 300, 301, 303, 304, 329, 330, 358

Siegel, J. 307

Sigman, M. 265, 268

Silove, D. 103

Silva, P. A. 53, 89, 172, 262

Simeon, D. 147, 150

Simon, N. 157

Simonini, E. 100, 101, 108, 117, 124, 169

Sjödin, I. 315

Skinner, B. F. 351

Skodol, A. E. 275

Skre, I. 87, 175

Slaap, B. 155, 167

Slade, T. 85, 106, 115, 130

Slate, S. 154, 155, 167

Slate-Cothren, S. 154–6

Slee, P. T. 272

Slutske, W. S. 274

Smith, P. R. 40

Smith, R. 159, 160, 205, 218, 317

Smith, W. T. 314

Smulders, D. 267

Snaith, R. P. 46

Snidman, N. 102, 248, 250–2, 256–9, 261, 262, 268, 282, 283

Socci, C. 117, 124

Sofsky, W. 38

Sonninen, P. 150

Sonntag, H. 114

Sorenson, J. 159

Sowa, B. 126

Spaulding, S. 97, 332

Spence, S. H. 37

Spitzer, R. 68

Spitznagel, E. L. 84

Sprigge, T. L. S. 33

Spurr, J. 152

Sroufe, L. A. 182, 247, 276–80, 282, 283

St Lambert, J. 311

Stang, P. 108

Stangier, U. 295

Stanton, W. 53

Statham, D. B. 274

Statman, D. 36

Stattin, H. 251

Steer, R. A. 186, 187

Stefanson, J. G. 127

Stein, D. J. 9, 95, 147, 150, 161, 308, 309, 311, 312, 316

Stein, M. B. 22, 53–5, 66, 91–3, 95, 99, 101, 104, 108, 115, 118, 126, 145–8, 150–3, 159–65, 167, 168, 170, 172, 178, 179, 265, 275, 306, 309, 310, 312, 315, 318, 320

Stender, K. 316

Stepien, G. 179, 180

Stevenson, J. 290

Stevenson-Hinde, J. 58, 283

Stewart, S. L. 251, 253, 254, 269

Stich, S. 224

Stinson, F. S. 111, 126

Stober, G. 180

Stone, W. L. 271

Stopa, L. 152, 187, 195, 197, 203

Storch, E. A. 273

Stout, R. L. 111

Straub, R. 156

Straube, T. 159–65, 167

Strauman, T. 47, 57, 91

Strauss, C. C. 52, 256

Stravynski, A. 14, 37, 45, 66, 72, 105, 118, 123, 133, 214, 225, 227, 239, 240, 242, 244, 245, 264–6, 274, 300, 301, 303, 304, 329–31, 334, 347, 358

Street, L. L. 89, 114

Sullivan, G. 168

Sullivan, L. 159–65

Summerfeldt, L. J. 273

Summerville, W. 152

Sunitha, T. 145, 146

Surawy, C. 187, 204, 209, 221

Sutherland, S. M. 97, 218, 317

Swartz, K. L. 85

Swindell, A. 208

Swinson, R. P. 42, 117, 120, 203, 218, 273, 281, 306, 313

Syvalahti, E. 150

Szasz, T. 70

Szatmari, P. 99, 171

Szechtman, H. 163, 165

Taggart, P. 152

Tait, R. C. 191, 192

Takahashi, T. 21

Tamaren, A. J. 192

Tancer, M. E. 92–3, 99, 101, 118, 147, 148, 150–4, 157, 165, 168, 170, 172, 179, 216, 217, 310, 322

Tasto, D. L. 231

Taylor, B. 101, 261

Taylor, C. B. 293

Taylor, L. H. 318

Taylor, S. 213, 294, 331

Tedlow, J. R. 108, 120

Telch, M. J. 260

Teufel, A. 180

Tezzcan, E. 320

Thakore, J. 147, 151, 157, 158

Thase, M. E. 304

Thevos, A. K. 110, 121

Thomas, A. 247–8, 282

Thomas, K. 165

Thomas, S. E. 110, 121

Thompson, R. A. 277

Thornton, L. 109

Tiihonen, J. 150

Tillfors, M. 45, 55, 128, 159–65, 167, 180, 181, 268

Tipp, J. E. 110

Todorov, C. 45, 133, 240, 242, 244, 245, 300, 301, 303, 304, 329, 330, 358

Tokizawa, S. 182

Tomarken, A. 149, 153, 165

Toni, C. 107, 117, 124, 159

Torgersen, S. 87, 128, 175

Torgrud, L. J. 115, 126

Toru, M. 180

Townsend, J. T. 48, 186, 219, 222, 223

Townsley, R. M. 88, 98, 123, 134, 206, 237

Trabert, W. 293

Trainor, P. 53

Tran, G. Q. 96, 122, 134, 237

Travers, J. 22

Treat, T. A. 186

Treffers, P. D. A. 53

Trower, P. 53, 226–8, 236

Tru, I. 146, 150

Truglia, E. 131

Tsvetkov, E. 182

Tükel, R. 117, 124, 165

Tully, K. 182

Tupler, L. A. 89, 97, 115, 159, 160, 218, 317

Turk, C. L. 31, 57, 204, 229

Turner, R. M.

Turner, S. M. 50, 56, 88, 91, 98, 99, 101, 123, 134, 172, 194, 206, 237, 255, 323

Turski, P. 159

Tweed, J. L. 274

Tyrer, P. 75, 77, 137

Uchoa, E. 127

Uebelacker, L. A. 108, 120

Uhde, T. W. 72, 92–3, 118, 147, 148, 150–5, 157, 167, 168, 216, 217, 322

Unal, A. 320

Unal, S. 165

Üstün, B. 86

Valença, A. M. 116

Valevski, A. 90

van Ameringen, M. 95, 99, 163, 165, 171, 218, 260, 275, 306, 313

van Dam-Baggen, R. 303, 304

van de Ven, M. 260

van Den Hout, M. 156

van der Ende, J. 229, 230

van Der Helm, M. 212, 295

van der Model, H. T. 230

van der Molen, H. 230

van der Sleen, J. 212, 239, 302, 330

van Drimmelen, J. 86

van Hout, W. J. P. J. 28

van Hunsel, F. 151

van Lier, P. 53

van Oosten, A. 267

van Praag, H. 150

van Velzen, C. J. M. 97, 121

van Vliet, I. M. 155, 167, 308, 311, 317

van West, D. 151

van Zessen, G. 128

Varady, S. 157, 158

Vasar, V. 128, 132, 146, 150

Vasile, R. G. 89, 106

Vaudry, H. 151

Vega, W. A. 126

Veit, R. 159–65, 167

Velayudhan, A. 145

Venables, P. H. 251

Vermilyer, J. A. 214

Vernberg, E. M. 272

Versiani, M. 97, 218, 319

Vieira, A. 151

Vigliaturo, D. 129

Viken, R. J. 186

Vissia, E. 212, 295

Vittone, B. 150, 157, 216, 217, 322

Vivani, B. 129

Von Zerssen, D. 128

Vorcaro, C. M. 127

Vronskaya, S. 182

Wacker, H. R. 129, 132

Wagner, L. 77

Wakefield, J. C. 64

Walker, J. R. 54–5, 99, 101, 115, 126, 170, 172, 179, 218, 275, 306, 313

Wall, S. 276

Wallace, C. J. 226

Wallace, S. T. 195, 196, 235

Walters, E. E. 108

Walters, K. S. 195, 236, 271

Ware, M. R. 145, 146

Warner, G. 318

Warren, M. 89

Warren, S. L. 280, 283

Warshaw, M. G. 111, 133

Waters, E. 276

Watson, D. 48–50, 193–4

Watt, I. 333

Wedig, M. 165

Wedkin, D. 99, 171, 274, 275

Weidmer-Mikhail, E. 151

Weihs, K. 314

Weiller, E. 106, 110, 114, 131

Weiller, F. 147, 150

Weisler, R. H. 317

Weiss, U. 159

Weissman, M. M. 107, 109, 110, 127, 132

Weizman, A. 145, 146, 156

Welch, K. 151

Welkowitz, L. K. A. 216, 217, 323, 328, 331

Wells, A. 187, 204–5

Wells, J. E. 130

Weltzin, T. E. 121, 124

Wender, A. 235

Wessberg, H. W. 233

Wessel, I. 28, 260

West, C. 150

Westenberg, H. G. M. 53, 151, 155, 167, 308, 311, 312, 317

Wetzler, S. 111, 151

Whalen, P. 165

Whaley, S. H. 265, 268

White, C. S. 98, 120

White, K. 133

Wick, P. 271

Widiger, T. A. 75

Wiebelink, B. M. 53

Wiggins, O. P. 69

Wiita, B. 309, 312

Wilhelm, F. H. 57, 66, 109, 149, 153, 156, 291

Wilhelm, S.

Williams, J. H. G. 42

Williams, M. 224

Williams, S. 89, 130, 172

Wilson, K. G. 34

Wilson, P. 46, 333

Wilson, S. 148, 153, 156

Wilson, W. H. 205, 218, 317

Wittchen, H. U. 53, 55, 87, 104, 107, 108, 114, 127, 128, 131, 132, 265

Wittgenstein, L. 224

Wlazlo, Z. 228, 238, 240, 244, 302, 330

Wold, J. E. 314

Wolf, A. 43

Wolff, P. L. 97, 262, 332

Wolpe, J. 105

Wong, M. 126

Woodman, C. L. 117, 124

Woodruff-Borden, J. 265, 268

Woods, S. 101, 178, 179, 213, 294, 331

Woody, S. R. 196, 199

World Health Organization xv, 67, 68

Worthington, J. J. 96, 108, 120, 157, 217, 324

Wreford Andersen, E. 316

Wright, C. 165

Xidara, V. 43

Yamada, K. 180

Yamamoto, J. 129, 132

Yang, H. 312

Yao, S. N. 295, 331

Yates, W. 100, 101, 169, 173

Yeh, E. 129

Yehuda, R. 156

Yen, S. 275

Yin, D. 182

Yonkers, K. A. 113, 133

Young, A. 77

Youngstrom, E. A. 31, 43–4

Yule, W. 214, 239, 244, 303, 304, 329–31, 334

Zaccagnini, J. 151

Zachar, P. 349

Zakharenko, S. S. 182

Zanarini, M. C. 275

Zaudig, M. 128

Zea-Ponce, Y. 146, 150

Zentner, M. 181, 182, 284

Zhang, H. 115

Zhang, J. 315

Zhao, N. 312, 325, 327

Zhao, S. 127, 132

Zimbardo, P. 58

Zimmerman, M. 114, 117, 124

Zin, W. A. 116

Zohar, J. 332

Zohar-Kadouch, R. 332

Zollo, L. J. 329

Zorrilla, L. 159–65, 167

Zucchi, T. 129

Zucker, B. G. 109

Zucker, M. 145, 146

Zweig, D. R. 189, 190





Index



acedia 77

adolescence

trigger events in 246

onset of social phobia 258, 350

adrenaline 151, 152

aggressive behavior, lack of 61

agoraphobia 14

measurement studies 92–3, 204

shared features 105, 136, 137

Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration (ADAMHA), see WHO/ADAMHA

alcohol, use in treatment 19, 23

alcoholism 104, 110, 137, 349, 350

of parents 274

alprazolam 217, 322–7

amygdala hyperactivity 159, 165, 168

analytic philosophy 224

Anorexia Nervosa

anthrax, and terrorism 32

anxiety

contrast with fear 30–1

in social context 31–2

definition of 30, 34, 35

emotion 30, 31

genetic component 71–2

short alleles 180–1

intra-personal conception of 63, 292

lay construct of 52, 64

manifestations of 33

measurement of 46

reduction strategies

cognitive restructuring 291–9, 329

evaluation of 328

exposure 291–9, 328, 346, 357

and social functioning 329–31, 358

scientific construct 34–5

social interactive perspective 62–3

see also clinical anxiety; fear

anxiety-neurosis 18, 77

anxious withdrawal, index of 102

anxiously attached children 277, 279

and social anxiety 280–1

submissiveness of 280

APA, disorders or diseases 73

appeasement 9

Asian v. Western culture, and behavioral inhibition 251–2

atenolol 97, 216, 218, 306, 319–20, 322–7, 332

attachment 275–6, 344

as opposed to temperament 282

common features with behavioral inhibition 283–4, 345–6

infant temperament 278

patterns of relationships 277–8

long-term implications 278

quality of 279–80

role in social phobia 281, 282

The Strange Situation 276–7, 279

attachment relationship, importance of 62

attention bias

identification of angry/happy faces 201–2

lexical tasks 199

homographs 201

modified Stroop task 199–200

latency 200

under levels of discomfort 200–1

attention, escaping of 9

Audience Sensitivity Index 50, 194

Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Well-Being 106, 130

authority, fear of 54

automaticity 186

autonomic responses 91

avoidance

behavioral sign of social anxiety 48–9

of social interactions 7, 61

see also social avoidance

avoidant disorder of childhood or

avoidant personality disorder 57, 124, 137, 170

and sexual coercion 275

and social skills deficits 237

and social skills training 240–1

avoidantly attached infants 277

behavior patterns

formulation of construct 78, 137

inhibition, study of 102–3

differences between sexes 103

behavioral assessment tests (BAT) 134

behavioral inhibition 248, 255, 344

and anxiety disorders 248

association with social fears 262

common features with anxious attachment 283–4, 345–6

evidence against construct

social/non-social inhibition 253–4

use of extreme scoring individuals 254–5

evidence for construct 251

correlates of behavioral inhibition 252–3

differing cultural values 251–2

heredity 253

predictive features 253

reliability 252

validity 253

experiments of 249

inhibited/uninhibited profiles 250–1

links with adult social phobia 261, 281, 282

parental influence 268–9

physiological measurement 250

precursors to construct 259–60

retrospective studies 260–1

studies of 248–9

see also attachment; childhood social phobia; index of behavioral inhibition temperament

behaviorism, clash with cognitivism 292

benzodiazepines 145, 166, 305, 307–20

biochemical abnormalities, and anxiety 71–2

blushing 4, 5, 7, 9

and heart rate 57

phobia 19, 27, 348

Body Dysmorphic Disorder 109

botox, and paroxetine 358

brain function, and neuroimaging 159–65

brain structure 159

breathing, fast 6, 7, 20, 28, 348

Brief Social Phobia Scale (BSPS) 205

brofaromine 218, 307–18, 331

bullying, see victimization

buspirone 166, 217, 305, 307–18, 322–7

cardiovascular functions, measurement of 91–3

catecholamines 72, 152

causation, Aristotelian 342

analysis of final causes 342–4

childhood adversity, and later psychological problems 275

childhood social phobia

and anxiously attached infants 280

flaws in studies of 258–9

indicators of 255–6, 354–5

link with behavioral inhibition 256

comparisons using parents with anxiety disorders 257–8

family members 257

predisposition to social phobia or avoidant disorder 258

prevalence rates 256

relation to avoidant disorder 256

childrens’ fears 37

separation from caregiver 44

of strangers 44

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome 77

citalopram 150, 319–20, 331

clinical anxiety 28, 44

definition of 45

clonazepam 94, 96, 97, 160, 217, 218, 307–20, 322–7, 331

clonidine 151, 152

CO 2 provoked panic, cognitive processes compared 207

cognition 90

clinical use of term 185

manifest in actual behavior 188

meaning of 185, 186, 219

see also behavioral cognition; cognitive behavior therapy; thought processes

cognitive and somatic anxiety questionnaire (CSAQ) 191

convergent validity 191–2

differences between social phobic subtypes 206

internal consistency 191

predictive validity 192–3

cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) 292–9, 328, 329, 332

see also cognitive modification techniques; cognitive therapy and cognitive changes

cognitive biases and social phobia 187, 222–3, 344

beliefs 223

in common situations 184

definition of 219–20

differences between sub-groups of social phobics 205–7

maintenance of social phobia 209, 221–2

responses to Interpretation Questionnaire (IQ)

tests using imagery 209–10, 221

separation of agent and environment 223

category mistake 223

see also cognitive model

cognitive distortions, specific to disorders 207–9, 220–1

cognitive model 187

and anxiety 186–7

attention biases 199–202

behaviorism 186

Cartesian philosophy 224

imagery 204–5

judgment biases 202–3

memory biases 196–9

negative self-appraisal 194–6

cognitive modification techniques 211–15

cognitive behavior therapy compared to pharmacotherapy 216–18

compared to behavioral treatments 211

compared to cognitive behavior therapy 211–16

cognitive science 185, 220

and therapy 186

cognitive therapy and cognitive changes, comparison with other treatments 211–16, 222, 239, 293–8, 332

communication problems 27

competitive activities, fear of 11, 12, 37

competitive societies, and social anxiety 62–3

concentration, lack of 27

see also diminished responsiveness

concurrent validity, of the construct of

social phobia

and age of onset and sex 88–9

demographic factors 89–90

and neurobiological factors 93

and psychological factors 90–1

and psycho-physiological patterns of responding 91–3

confrontation, fear of 4

construct validation 81–2

content validity 80–8

criterion validity 80–2, 88–104

measurement 78–9

predictive validity 93–104, 137

relationship to other psychological constructs 83, 105

factor-analytic studies 105

testing 79

control, and social skills 227

convergent validity, of construct 81–3, 105

cortical control, and social phobia 159–65

cortisol 151, 154

and HPA axis 157

cramps 28

cultural differences, in social phobic patterns 13–14, 269

Darwin, and origins of social fears 42

demographic factors, and social phobic individuals 89–90

Demosthenes 18

depression, links with social phobia 104, 113, 137

cortisol responses 151

prevalence among relatives 169

recovery rates 114

and social skills 227

Descartes 33, 344

diminished responsiveness 7, 20, 348

discipline, by parent 267

discriminant validity, of construct 81–3, 105–25

discrimination, social systems of 39

disease, and social phobia 67, 70–4, 139, 339–40

definition of 68, 70

or disorder 68–9

pathological definition 69–70

use of terms in medicine 69

and psychotropic medication 72–3

disorders

definition of 68–9, 75–6

links between 105

metaphoric disease 70

dissembling 7–8

dominance, and submission 35–6

drug abuse, prevalence among relatives of social phobics 169

DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual)

defining criteria of social phobia 75, 76

rates of reliability 85

dualism, and cognitive program 224

dysfunctional thought

cognitive and somatic anxiety questionnaire (CSAQ) 191–3

measurement of 188–9

social interaction self-statement test (SISST) 189–91

early separation anxiety 103–4

eating disorders

see also social phobia

electrophysiological studies of social phobics 165

emotion

and anxiety 30

and attachment theory 276

emotional conditioning studies 162

employment, and social phobic individuals 114–15

environmental conditions, and anxiety 41–2

epidemiological studies of social phobia 125–32, 135

ecological validity 133–4

patterns of psychopathology 133

predictors of response to treatment 95–8

reliability 86–7

support for entity hypothesis 136

ambiguous 136–7

undermining evidence 137–8

variability in prevalence rates 132, 138

within the USA 132–3

ereutophobia, see blushing phobia

escitalopram 307–18, 331

etiology, in construct validation 78

external validity, of construct 81–3, 125–35

family environmental influences 263–6, 270–1

low-care 266

overprotection 263–6

see also family sociability; shyness; social phobic parents

family sociability 266, 267

and children’s shyness 267

influence on children’s sociability 270

fascist Italy, and intimidation 38

fear

and anxiety 30–1, 338

attempts to understand xvi–xvi

common fears 28

core of social phobia 16–17

in formal/institutional situations 10

group membership 10–11

hiding of physical manifestations of 7–8, 21, 348

historical approaches to 17–18

and lack of danger 27

of others 4–5

and shame 19

and social danger 42

of strangers 11–12

Fear of Negative Evaluation (FNE) 190, 192, 193, 211, 216

convergent validity 194

discriminant validity 194

predictive validity 194

reliability 193

Fear Survey Schedule 52, 105

fearfulness, as predictor of social phobia and depression 101–2

Fels longitudinal program 259

fenfluramine 150, 151

fluoxetine 95, 305, 307–18, 322–7

fluvoxamine 307–18, 331

Freud

and anxiety 30

and fear 18

functional approach, in treatment of social phobia 299–300

gabapentin 166, 305, 307–18, 331

general neurotic syndrome 137

generalizability, of construct 125, 139

epidemiological studies 125–32

patterns of psychopathology 133

generalized anxiety disorder 165

generalized social anxiety

assessment of 103

association with other anxiety disorders 105

predicted by social phobia 113

genetic transmission of social phobia 23, 246, 344, 345

and behavioral inhibition 262

and environmental conditions 246

see also temperament

Goldstein, and anxiety 30

groups

membership of 40

relationships of members 11

habituation, principle of 291

hair raising 7, 8

Hamilton Anxiety Scale 51

Hamilton Depression Scale 51

hands, trembling of 20

harmful acts, on fellow humans 37

by bands 38–40

headaches 7, 28

heart rate, and public speaking 57

Hippocrates 17, 18

history, of individual social phobics 246, 247, 260

Hobbes 40

homosexuality, relabeling of 77

Horney, and anxiety 30

Hume, primacy of feeling 224

humiliation, fear of 13

hyperthyroidism 157

hypothetical constructs 77, 337

validation of 77–83, 138–9

ICD (International Classification of Disease)

definition of social phobia 75, 76

reliability rates 85

illness behavior, as predictor of depression 101

imagery, tests of social phobics

detail of recall 204

recall tests 204

seeing from outside 204, 205

index of behavioral inhibition (IBI) 249, 250

individual differences between social phobics 15

inhibitory neurotransmitters 72

Interpretation Questionnaire (IQ) 210, 219

intimate relations, and social phobia 12

Irrational Beliefs Test (IBT) 190, 192

isolation, of parents 266

Jackson Personality Research Form 50, 194

Japanese samurai, and social anxiety 63

judgment biases

ambiguous situations 203

observable features of social phobia 203

Probability Cost Questionnaire (PCQ) 202

of social/non-social events 202, 203

kappa statistic 84

interpretation of 84

leeches, use in treatment of social phobias 19, 23

Lenin 70

levodopa 151

loneliness, and fear 6

low-care in childhood 266, 267

lymphocite beta adrenergic receptors, measurement of 145

magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 157

marital difficulty, as result of social anxiety 5

Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale 50, 194

marriages, arranged, and social phobia 14

Marx, and consciousness 224

maternal behavior, influence on childhood social behavior 269–70

m-CPP 150, 151

measurement reliability 79, 80

calculations of agreement 84

on features of entity 88

types of assessors 85

rates of 85

medicalization, of experience of fear 17

meeting new people, fear of 54

melancholia 17

memory biases, specific to social phobia 197

completion rates 198

implicit/explicit memory tasks 197

recall of negative elements of feedback 197

recall and recognition task 197, 198

mental state, as psychological construct 33–4

military society 39

Mill, J.S. 78

Missouri Adolescent Female Twin Study 120

moclobemide 94, 95, 97, 305, 319–20, 331

and placebo effect 167, 218, 305, 307–18

monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI) 166, 305, 307–18

muscle tension 6, 20

National Comorbidity Survey (NCS) 108, 127, 132

National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions 111, 126

naturalistic approach, to social phobia xvi, 16–17

neck and shoulder stiffness 7, 28

negative self-appraisal in social phobics 194–6

perceptions of success 195

response to positive environmental influences 196

neurasthenia 18

neurobiological formulation of social phobia 143–4, 167–8, 182–3, 344

identification of abnormalities 144–5

pharmacological treatment 165–7

principles of 144

neuroendocrine function

hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal axis 156–8

hypothalamic-pituitary thyroid axis 157

neuroimaging methods 150, 157–65, 168

neurological disease

explanation of abnormality 70–1

and social phobia 72, 143–4, 340

neurotransmitter systems

activation by means of pharmacological agent 146–8, 150–2

DA transporter sites in social phobics 150

direct measurement of 145–50

neuroimaging methods 150

panic-inducing agents 153–5

caffeine-dependent 154

cholecystokinin-dependent 154–6

CO 2 -dependent 156

lactate-dependent 154

postural challenges 152–3

observation, and construct formulation 78

obsessive-compulsive disorder

comparisons with social phobia 210–11

link with social phobia 105

occupations, and social anxiety 20

olanzapine 166, 305, 307–18

opium, use in treatment of social phobia 19, 23

overall percentage of agreement 84

overanxious disorder 280

overprotective parents 263–6

palpitations 6, 7, 19–20, 28, 348

panic

fear of 27

chemically induced 153–4

measurement of anxiety 46

panic disorder 165

comparisons with social phobia 92–3, 156, 207

cortisol responses 151

recovery rates 114

and sexual coercion 274

parental influence, on development of social behavior 269–70, 284–5, 354

parental loss or separation 274

parental strife 274

paroxetine 95, 218, 307–20, 331

with addition of botox 358

passivity 9

see also behavioral inhibition

patterns of behavior, and final causes 342–3

patterns, of social phobia 6

case descriptions 4–6

long-term 243

pedophilia, cortisol responses 151

peer environment

popularity 271, 272

shyness 271, 272

see also bullying

performance difficulty (SAS) 50

personal history, of social phobics 15

Pervasive Developmental Disorder

pharmaceutical companies, marketing campaigns and social phobia 73, 183

pharmacological treatment of social phobia 307–18, 332

adverse effects 306, 321, 332, 358

marketing departments and designation of medication 304

monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI) 305, 307–18

and placebo effects 305–6, 331

psychotropic compounds 304, 331

selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) 305, 307–18

suppressants of neural excitability 305, 307–18, 346

pharmacotherapy, compared to placebo 216

phenelzine 216–18, 306, 319–20, 322–8, 331, 332

phobia

classification of 19

historical background 17

platelet transporters, measurement of 145

Plato, and cognition 185

positive parental experience 266

Positron Emission Tomography (PET) 157

post-traumatic stress disorder 77, 165

power, in social interactions 35, 36, 352–3

of ruling groups 38–40

predictive validity, of social phobia construct 95–8

and alcoholism 104

and depression 104

family history 94–101

children of social phobic parents 101

pharmacological treatment 94

prospective studies 101–3

pregabalin 307–18, 331

Price Foundation Collaborative Genetics Study 109

Probability Cost Questionnaire (PCQ) 219

Project MATCH 121

prolactin 151

propranolol 322–7

propriety, standards of 9

protection from danger, and attachment theory 276

psychiatric disorders, existence of 75–6

psychological approach, to treatment of social phobia 23

psychologization, of experience of fear 18

psychopathology, history of 77

psychotropic medication 72–3, 97

public speaking, fear of 54–5, 66

measurement of social anxiety 56–7, 163–4

in Stroop test 200–1

punishment, patterns of 284

pupils, dilation of 7

queasiness 7

quinagolide 151

reductionistic programs, and causes of social phobia 344

regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF), changes in 159–65

rejection, by parent 266, 267

respiratory function, measurement of 91–3

retrospective self-report of behavioral inhibition (RSRI) 260, 261

reversible inhibitors of monoamine oxidase (RIMAs) 305, 319–20

rigid rules, and child behavior 270–1

Robbins Pathological Basis of Disease 69

role-play tests

molar 231

molecular 231

simulated social interaction test (SSIT) 231–4

Scale for Interpersonal Behavior (SIB) 229–31

schizophrenia, and social skills 226

Schoppenhauer xvi

securely attached infants 277

security in being liked 8

selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) 150, 166, 305, 307–20

self-disparagement 4

separation anxiety 276, 280, 354

organized response 276

uncertainty of availability of caregiver 278

sertraline 95, 218, 307–18, 331

sex differences, chronic social phobia 113

sex distribution, of social phobics 89

sexual coercion in childhood 274–5

sexual functioning 79, 90, 110

and social skills 227

sexual history 90

shaking, fear of 27

shyness

in adults 60

and anxiety 20

comparisons of 57

adolescents and young adults 59

children 58–9

link with adult social phobia 60

and parental discipline 267

as predictor of social phobia 102

relationship with sociability in children 59–60

social 36

simulated social interaction test (SSIT) 231–3

concerns over validity of test 232

identification of common difficulties 231–2

lack of generalizability 232

single photon computed tomography (SPECT) 150, 157

situational phobias 19

skin conductance, measurement of 91–3

social anxiety xvii, 4, 338, 352

among adults 54–6

comparisons of 56

among children and adolescents 52–4

comparisons of 56

among students 53

commonplace 66, 338

degrees of 42–4, 338

individual differences 43–4

interpersonal locus of 20

intra-personal construction 64–5

link with cognitive processes 205

measurement of 21, 29, 46

and fear response 46–7

exclusion of behavior 47–8

parental behavior 266–8

and schizophrenia 21

self-reported scores 45

social phobic pattern of conduct 6, 19, 44, 61–6, 338, 353–4

somatic loans of 6–8, 13, 22, 338

unidentified danger 37

see also anxiety

Social Anxiety Scale (SAS) 48, 50–2

reliability 51

validity 51–2

Social Avoidance and Distress (SAD) 48–50, 190, 192

reliability 49

validity 49–50

social avoidance, as prediction of social phobia 101–2

social contact, in infancy and childhood 40

social danger, and environmental conditions 41–3

social difficulty 50

social environment 355

and social phobia 263

social fear, definition of 35, 37

social functioning, treatment and improvement 301–3, 347, 358

evaluation of 329–31

functional 299–300

results 300–4

structural 299, 300

social skills training 300

social gatherings, fear of 54

Social Interaction Anxiety Scale 51

Social Interaction Self-Statement Test (SISST)

accuracy of measurement 189

convergent validity 189–90

differences between subtypes of social phobia 206–7

discriminant validity 190

frequency of occurrence of thoughts 189

levels of social anxiety 205

social life, necessity of 40–1

social phobia 337

affective disorders 107–9, 120, 124, 341, 350

age of onset 21, 88–9, 350

anxiety disorders 106–7, 124, 136, 341, 350, 351

categorical and dimensional approaches to 23–4

causes xviii–xviii, 23, 284, 342–6, 351–7

chronic 113–14

dangers evoking self-protective measures 348, 356

definition xvii–xvii, 3, 75, 137, 347–9

differing perspectives 16–17

demographic factors 89–90

distinct from alcoholism 121

distinct from avoidant personality disorder 121–3, 341

distinctiveness from normality 112–13, 137, 138, 350

dual locus 23, 62, 348–9

eating disorders 109, 121, 124, 341

economic, educational and social consequences 114–15

entity hypothesis 135, 340–1

environmental conditions 284–5, 356

plus other factors 285–6

family history of 99–100

genetic marker studies 174, 178

association studies 178–81

linkage analysis 178, 179

genetic vs. environmental factors 173, 181–2

in twin studies 176

high-risk children 171–2

history of term 16, 17, 63, 162

indicators 3

interpersonal cluster of fears 29, 64

lack of theory 139, 168, 337

links with other hypothetical constructs 137, 341

long-term patterns of behavior 243, 244, 355

nature of xvii–xvii, 27, 63, 66, 225, 337–42, 349–51, 356

and personality disorders 111, 124, 341, 351

predictions from social avoidance scores 261

prevalence among adults 126–31, 289, 341

prevalence among relatives 169–73

rate of consultation 114

sex distribution 89, 350

and social anxiety disorder 22, 64–6, 338, 346, 350

social functioning 242, 351

in pursuit of different goals 242–3

subtypes of 22

treatment xviii, 23, 29, 95–8, 137

twin studies 174–5

factor independence 177

lack of environmental evidence 176–7

notion of heritability 177–8

using psychiatric patients 175

using subjects not seeking help 175–6

validity xvii–xviii

see also behavioral inhibition; childhood social phobia; construct validation; disease; epidemiological studies; social anxiety; social skills

Social Phobia Scale 51

social phobic parents 268

social situations, avoidance of 27

social skills

assessment of

interpersonal approach 229

intra-personal approach 228–9

role-play tests 231–4

self-rating 229–31

subtypes of social phobia 236–8

comparisons of social phobics and others 234–8

getting acquainted 235

public speaking 234–5

speaking to interviewer 235

concept definition 227–8, 234, 236

deficiency 90, 226, 243–4, 344, 345

elements of 227

lack of 225

links with social phobia 241–2

notion of 226

recognizability of 228

training in 238–9, 241, 244, 245, 300, 330

improvements in skills 239–40

need for 240–1

non-defensive methods of dealing with situations 244

somatic reactions

experienced by social phobics 143

regulation by brain processes 143–4

vicious circles 187

Sophocles 1

speech difficulties 6, 20

St John’s Wort 305, 307–18

Stalinist repressions 41

stammering 5, 59, 348

Stanford Shyness Survey 58

status, in social interactions 35–352, 353

and shame/humiliation 36

Strange Situation, the 276–7

Stroop test 199–200, 207–8

submissiveness 79

sweating 6, 7, 19, 28, 348

Taylor Manifest Anxiety 50, 194

temperament

definition of 247–8

four categories 248

as opposed to attachment 282

perspective on development 281–2

thought processes, tests of

comparisons of social phobics with panic disorder subjects 207–8

comparisons of social phobics with obsessive-compulsive subjects 208–9

nature of 187

validity of 185

thyrotropin 93

training, see social skills training

treatment of social phobia

comparison of psychological and psycho-pharmacologic treatment 306–28, 332–4

demand for 333

distinction between specific and generalized 332–3

psychological

anxiety reduction 291–9, 328, 357

dropout rates

evaluation of 328–31

improvements in social functioning 299–304, 329–31

predictors of response 95–8

psycho-pharmacological 304–6

valuation of 289

outcome considerations 290–1

requirements for 289–90

Tully 18

urge to urinate 6, 7, 20, 28, 348

vagus nerve, and CCK receptors 156

Valsalva maneuver 91

venlafaxine 306–18, 331

victimization 271–3, 280

violence between parents 274

World Health Organization (WHO)

social phobia as disease 73

WHO/ADAMHA field trials 86–7

writing, fear of 5–6

Yule’s Y 84


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