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Textbook of Disaster Psychiatry

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  • Page extent: 354 pages
  • Size: 246 x 189 mm
  • Weight: 0.9 kg

Hardback

 (ISBN-13: 9780521852357)

Textbook of Disaster Psychiatry
Cambridge University Press
9780521852357 - TEXTBOOK OF DISASTER PSYCHIATRY - by Robert J. Ursano and Carol S. Fullerton and Lars Weisaeth and Beverley Raphael
Frontmatter/Prelims



Textbook of Disaster Psychiatry

This is the first textbook to focus specifically on disaster psychiatry. It brings together international experts to provide a comprehensive review of the psychological, biological, and social responses to disaster, describing evidence-based clinical and service-led interventions to meet mental health needs and foster resilience and recovery. Chapters address the epidemiology of disaster response, the neurobiology of disaster exposure, socio-cultural issues, early intervention and consultation-liaison care, the role of non-governmental organizations, workplace policies, and implications for public health planning at the level of the individual and the community. This book is essential reading for all those involved in preparing for traumatic events and their clinical and social outcomes for public health planning.

ROBERT J. URSANO is Professor of Psychiatry and Neuroscience and Chairman of the Department of Psychiatry at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland. He is also Director of the Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress.

CAROL S. FULLERTON is Research Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland. She is also the Scientific Director of the Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress.

LARS WEISAETH is Professor of Psychiatry and Director of Research in the Division of Disaster Psychiatry at the Norwegian Centre for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies, University of Oslo, Norway.

BEVERLEY RAPHAEL is Professor of Population Mental Health and Disasters and Director of the Centre for Disasters and Terrorism at the University of Western Sydney. She is Emeritus Professor of Psychiatry, at the University of Queensland and holds professorial appointments at the Universities of Sydney, New South Wales, and Newcastle.




Textbook of Disaster Psychiatry

Edited by

Robert J. Ursano

Carol S. Fullerton

Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences

Lars Weisaeth

University of Oslo

Beverley Raphael

University of Western Sydney




CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
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Cambridge University Press


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Published in the United States of America by Cambridge University Press, New York

www.cambridge.org
Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/9780521852357

© Cambridge University Press 2007

This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception
and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements,
no reproduction of any part may take place without
the written permission of Cambridge University Press.

First published 2007

Printed in the United Kingdom at the University Press, Cambridge

A catalogue record for this publication is available from the British Library

ISBN 978-0-521-85235-7 hardback

Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third-party internet websites referred to in this publication, and does not guarantee that any content on such websites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate.

Every effort has been made in preparing this publication to provide accurate and up-to-date information which is in accord with accepted standards and practice at the time of publication. Although case histories are drawn from actual cases, every effort has been made to disguise the identities of the individuals involved. Nevertheless, the authors, editors, and publishers can make no warranties that the information contained herein is totally free from error, not least because clinical standards are constantly changing through research and regulation. The authors, editors and publishers therefore disclaim all liability for direct or consequential damages resulting from the use of material contained in this publication. Readers are strongly advised to pay careful attention to information provided by the manufacturer of any drugs or equipment that they plan to use.




Contents

List of contributors page vii
Preface xi
Part I Introduction
1 Individual and community responses to disasters
Robert J. Ursano, Carol S. Fullerton, Lars Weisaeth, & Beverley Raphael
3
Part II Foundations of disaster psychiatry
2 Epidemiology of disaster mental health
Carol S. North
29
3 Children and disasters: public mental health approaches
Robert S. Pynoos, Alan M. Steinberg, & Melissa J. Brymer
48
4 Disaster ecology: implications for disaster psychiatry
James M. Shultz, Zelde Espinel, Sandro Galea, & Dori B. Reissman
69
5 Neurobiology of disaster exposure: fear, anxiety, trauma, and resilience
Rebecca P. Smith, Craig L. Katz, Dennis S. Charney, & Steven M. Southwick
97
Part III Clinical care and interventions
6 Early intervention for trauma-related problems following mass trauma
Patricia J. Watson
121
7 Acute stress disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder in the disaster environment
David M. Benedek
140
8 Assessment and management of medical-surgical disaster casualties
James R. Rundell
164
9 Interventions for acutely injured survivors of individual and mass trauma
Douglas Zatzick
190
10 Nongovernmental organizations and the role of the mental health professional
Joop de Jong
206
Part IV Special topics
11 Traumatic death in terrorism and disasters
Robert J. Ursano, James E. McCarroll, & Carol S. Fullerton
227
12 Weapons of mass destruction and pandemics: global disasters with mass destruction and mass disruption
Robert J. Ursano, Carol S. Fullerton, Ann E. Norwood, & Harry C. Holloway
247
13 Workplace disaster preparedness and response
Nancy T. Vineburgh, Robert K. Gifford, Robert J. Ursano, Carol S. Fullerton, & David M. Benedek
265
14 Healthcare systems planning
Brian W. Flynn
284
Part V Public health and disaster psychiatry
15 Public health and disaster mental health: preparing, responding, and recovering
Robert J. Ursano, Carol S. Fullerton, Lars Weisaeth, & Beverley Raphael
311
Index 327



Contributors

David M. Benedek, M.D.
Associate Professor
Department of Psychiatry
Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
4301 Jones Bridge Road
Bethesda, MD 20814
USA

Melissa J. Brymer, Psy.D.
Director, Terrorism and Disaster Programs
National Center for Child Traumatic Stress
University of California, Los Angeles
11150 W. Olympic Boulevard, Suite 650
Los Angeles, CA 90064
USA

Dennis S. Charney, M.D.
Professor and Dean, Psychiatry
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
One Gustave L. Levy Place, Box 1217
New York, NY 10029
USA

Zelde Espinel, M.D., MA, MPH
Center for Disaster and Extreme Event Preparedness (DEEP Center)
University of Miami Miller
School of Medicine
1120 NW 14th St. Suite 1043
Miami, FL
USA

Brian W. Flynn, Ed.D.
Adjunct Psychiatry Professor
Department of Psychiatry
Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
P.O. Box 1205
Severna Park, MD 21146
USA

Carol S. Fullerton, Ph.D.
Research Professor
Department of Psychiatry
Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
4301 Jones Bridge Road
Bethesda, MD 20814
USA

Sandro Galea, M.D., Dr P.H., MPH
Associate Professor
Center for Social Epidemiology and Population Health
School of Public Health
The University of Michigan
1214 S. University
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-2548
USA

Robert K. Gifford, Ph.D.
Senior Scientist
Department of Psychiatry
Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
4301 Jones Bridge Road
Bethesda, MD 20814
USA

Harry C. Holloway, M.D.
Professor
Department of Psychiatry
Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
4301 Jones Bridge Road
Bethesda, MD 20814
USA

Joop de Jong, M.D.
Director of Public Health & Research
Transcultural Psychosocial Organization Keizersgracht 329
1016EE Amsterdam
The Netherlands

Craig L. Katz, M.D.
Assistant Clinical Professor, Psychiatry
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
One Gustave L. Levy Place, Box 1217
New York, NY 10029
USA

James E. McCarroll, M.D., MPH
Research Professor
Department of Psychiatry
Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
4301 Jones Bridge Road
Bethesda, MD 20814
USA

Carol S. North, M.D.
Professor of Psychiatry
Nancy and Ray L. Hunt Chair in Crisis Psychiatry
Southwestern Medical Center The University of Texas
Department of Psychiatry
6363 Forest Park Road
Dallas, TX 75390-8828
USA

Ann E. Norwood, M.D.
Senior Advisor for Public Health
Risk Communications
HHS/OS/OASPHEP
200 Independence Avenue, S.W.
Room 636G
Washington, DC 20201
USA

Robert S. Pynoos, M.D., MPH
Center Director Professor of Psychiatry
National Center for Child Traumatic Stress
UCLA
11150 W. Olympic Boulevard
Suite 650
Los Angeles, CA 90064
USA

Beverley Raphael, AM, MBBS, M.D.
Professor of Population Mental Health and Disasters
University of Western Sydney
Penrith South
NSW DC 1797
Australia

Dori B. Reissman, M.D., MPH
Capt. U.S. Public Health Service
Senior Medical Advisor, Office of the Director
National Institute for Occupational
Safety and Health
395 E Street SW
Patriots Plaza I,
Suite 9200
Washington, DC 20201
USA

James R. Rundell, M.D.
Professor of Psychiatry
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine 200 First Street, SW, West 11
Rochester, MN 55905
USA

James M. Shultz, MS, Ph.D.
Director, Center for Disaster and Extreme Event Preparedness (DEEP Center)
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
1120 NW 14th St.
Suite 1043 Miami, FL USA

Rebecca P. Smith, M.D.
World Trade Center Worker and Volunteer Mental Health Screening, Monitoring and Interventions Programs
Assistant Clinical Professor of Psychiatry
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
1212 5th Avenue, 3rd Floor
New York, NY 10029
USA

Steven M. Southwick, M.D.
Section of Child Study Center
Yale University
Department of Psychiatry
300 George Street
New Haven, CT 06511
USA

Alan M. Steinberg, Ph.D.
Associate Director The National Child Traumatic Stress Network
University of California, Los Angeles
11150 W. Olympic Boulevard
Suite 650
Los Angeles, CA 90064
USA

Robert J. Ursano, M.D.
Professor and Chairman
Department of Psychiatry
Director, Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
4301 Jones Bridge Road
Bethesda, MD 20814
USA

Nancy T. Vineburgh, MA
Assistant Professor
Department of Psychiatry
Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
4301 Jones Bridge Road
Bethesda, MD 20814
USA

Patricia J. Watson, Ph.D.
National Center for PTSD
VA Medical and Regional office
White River Junction, VT 05009
USA

Lars Weisaeth, MD
Professor, Division of Disaster Psychiatry
University of Oslo/The Military Medical Competence Center, Building 20
Sognsvannsveien 21, 0320 Oslo
Norway

Douglas Zatzick, M.D.
Department of Psychiatry
University of Washington School of Medicine
325 Ninth Avenue, Box 359911
Seattle, WA 98104
USA




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