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The Archaeology of Contact in Settler Societies
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  • 30 b/w illus. 6 maps 9 tables
  • Page extent: 284 pages
  • Size: 247 x 174 mm
  • Weight: 0.46 kg


 (ISBN-13: 9780521796828 | ISBN-10: 0521796822)

The Archaeology of Contact in Settler Societies

Several decades of research into the archaeology of contact in North America have laid the foundations for the global exploration of the archaeology of European colonisation. It is significant, however, that archaeologists, unlike historians and geographers, have yet to develop a global account of contact and its consequences. This edited work presents case studies from nations developed from British settlement so as to allow historical archaeologists to examine differences and similarities between the histories of modern colonial societes world-wide. Written by an international team of experts, the work shows that historical archaeologies can assume marvellously different and suggestive forms when examined from the periphery. Furthermore, the imperatives of the periphery could result in different perspectives on North American and European archaeological contexts. The work also examines the role of a global vision of the historical archaeology of colonialism in providing a new basis for the evolution of the ‘nation’.

TIM MURRAY is Professor of Archaeology at the School of Historical and European Studies, La Trobe University. He is the author and editor of numerous publications, including The Archaeology of Aborginal Australia (1998), The Archaeology of Urban Landscapes (2001) and the five-volume Encyclopedia of Archaeology, including The Great Archaeologists (1999) and History and Discoveries (2001).


Series Editors

Wendy Ashmore
Department of Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania

Françoise Audouze
Centre de Recherches Archéologiques, Meudon, France

Cyprian Broodbank
Institute of Archaeology, University College London

Tim Murray
Archaeology Program, La Trobe University, Australia

Colin Renfrew
Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge

Nathan Schlanger
Paris, France

Andrew Sherratt
Department of Antiquities, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

Timothy Taylor
Department of Archaeology, University of Bradford

Norman Yoffee
Department of Near Eastern Studies and Department of Anthropology, University of Michigan

Recent titles in the series include

The Archaeology of Urban Landscapes

Order, Legitimacy and Wealth in Ancient States

Beyond Chiefdoms
Pathways to Complexity in Africa

The Archaeology of Contact in Settler Societies

La Trobe University

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© Cambridge University Press 2004

This book is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception
and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements,
no reproduction of any part may take place without
the written permission of Cambridge University Press.

First published 2004

Printed in the United Kingdom at the University Press, Cambridge

Typeface Minion 10.5/14 pt.   System LATEX 2e   [TB]

A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library

Library of Congress Cataloguing in Publication data
The archaeology of contact in settler societies / edited by Tim Murray.
   p.   cm. – (New directions in archaeology)
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 0 521 79257 6 – ISBN 0 521 79682 2 (pb.)
1. Archaeology and history.   2. Colonisation – History.   3. Acculturation – History.   I. Murray, Tim, 1955–   II. Series.
CC77.H5A7175   2004
970.01 – dc22   2004040762

ISBN 0 521 79257 6 hardback
ISBN 0 521 79682 2 paperback

To Susan, Patrick and Celia


  List of figures   [page ix]
  List of tables   [xii]
  List of contributors   [xiii]
  1 The archaeology of contact in settler societies   [1]
  2 Beads, bodies and regimes of value: from France to North America, c. 1500–c. 1650   [19]
  3 Ships for the taking: culture contact and the maritime fur trade on the Northwest Coast of North America   [48]
  4 Culture contact viewed through ceramic petrography at the Pueblo mission of Abó, New Mexico   [78]
  5 The transformation of indigenous societies in the south-western Cape during the rule of the Dutch East India Company, 1652–1795   [91]
  6 Contact archaeology and the landscapes of pastoralism in the north-west of Australia   [109]
  7 Tenacity of the traditional: the first hundred years of Maori–European settler contact on the Hauraki Plains, Aotearoa/New Zealand   [144]
  8 Fur trade archaeology in western Canada: who is digging up the forts?   [157]
  9 Contact archaeology and the writing of Aboriginal history   [176]
10 In the footsteps of George Dutton: developing a contact archaeology of temperate Aboriginal Australia   [200]
  Bibliography   [226]
  Index   [263]


2.1   Map of the tribal territories of Northeastern North America.   [page 30]
3.1   Map of the Queen Charlotte Islands, Northwest Coast of Canada, showing major Haida settlements of the nineteenth century and the approximate locations of the six trade vessels lost to the Haida between the years 1794 and 1853.   [49]
3.2   The seizure of the schooner Susan Sturgis in 1852 by the Haida at Masset as depicted in the Illustrated News of New York, 1853. (Courtesy BC Archives ZZ 95167.)   [56]
3.3   Chief Wiiaa’s Monster House at Masset, c. 1887–89. (Courtesy of the Royal British Columbia Museum, Victoria, British Columbia, PN 5339.)   [62]
3.4   Interior view of Chief Wiiaa’s massive Monster House 1884. (Richard Maynard photo courtesy of the Royal British Columbia Museum, Victoria, British Columbia, PN 5324.)   [63]
3.5   Skidegate village in 1884 is one of only two Haida settlements to survive the contact period with the in-migration of numerous families from surrounding villages. (Richard Maynard photo courtesy of the Royal British Columbia Museum, Victoria, British Columbia, PN 9078.)   [66]
4.1   Study area in New Mexico.   [79]
4.2   Temper types in Abó pre-mission sherds (Glazes D and E).   [86]
4.3   Abó mission period sherds (Glaze F and soup bowls).   [86]
4.4   Quarai pre-mission period sherds (Glazes C, D and E).   [87]
4.5   Quarai mission period sherds (Glaze F).   [88]
5.1   Location of sites mentioned in the text.   [96]
5.2   Pegging off the framework for a Nama hut. (Reproduced with permission from Walton 1995: 13.)   [103]
5.3   A completed matjeshuis. (Reproduced with permission from Walton 1995: 18.)   [103]
6.1   Map of Kimberley region showing major towns and river systems and location of the study area.   [110]
6.2   Ration day, Moola Bulla pastoral station, pre-1954. (Courtesy of Battye Library, 72138P.)   [114]
6.3   Aboriginal stockmen, Moola Bulla pastoral station. (Courtesy of Battye Library, 70458P.)   [118]
6.4   Station work, Moola Bulla pastoral station c. 1910–18. (Courtesy of Battye Library 68216P.)   [118]
6.5   Old Lamboo original station homestead c. 1950. (Photograph held by R. Harrison in private collection).   [122]
6.6   Old Lamboo Station site plan.   [123]
6.7   Old Lamboo Station looking towards the second station homestead from the original station homestead, 1998. (Photograph taken by R. Harrison.)   [124]
6.8   Old Lamboo Station c. 1918 and c. 1950.   [124]
6.9   Old Lamboo holiday campsite plan.   [125]
6.10   Plan of surface collection and excavation of Aboriginal domestic structure, Old Lamboo Station.   [126]
6.11   Old camp residents, possibly Moola Bulla pastoral station, c. 1919. (Courtesy of Battye Library, 70656P.)   [129]
6.12   Quarried chert, Old Lamboo Station quarry, 1998. (Photograph taken by R. Harrison.)   [131]
6.13   Plan of Old Lamboo Station showing location of surface collections and excavations discussed in the text.   [132]
6.14   Graph showing weight of all stone artefacts along Transect 2 running through main station fence line.   [133]
6.15   Graph showing number of points and point fragments made on different raw materials along Transect 1 running from station homestead to river.   [135]
6.16   Kimberley points, Old Lamboo Station. (Drawn by R. Harrison.)   [136]
6.17   Ground metal points, Old Lamboo Station. (a): Iron point made from old flour tin; (b): Iron point made from straightened and ground horseshoe. (Drawn by R. Harrison.)   [138]
6.18   Hearth at Old Lamboo Station showing corroded billy can and cache of stone points, 1998. (Photograph taken by R. Harrison).   [141]
7.1   The Hauraki Plains, located south of Auckland.   [145]
7.2   Modified ceramic plate and modified clay pipe recovered from Oruarangi pa.   [148]
7.3   Opita on the Thames, 29 March 1848, by J. J. Merrett. Held by Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Matauranga o Aotearoa (A-143-015).   [149]
7.4   Meeting c. 1852 between Lieutenant-Governor Wynyard and local Maori regarding the discovery of gold in the Coromandel region. Lithograph by Charles Heaphy, from the Illustrated London News, 1853. (Held by the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Matauranga o Aotearoa, F-443-1/4-MNZ.)   [153]
8.1   ‘Shooting the rapids’. Oil painting by Frances Anne Hopkins. (Courtesy of the National Archives of Canada/C – 2774.)   [158]
8.2   Carrying a 30 foot birch bark canoe used to haul HBC freight. (Department of the Interior. Courtesy of the National Archives of Canada/C – 16442.)   [158]
8.3   The study area in western Canada.   [159]
8.4   Number of projects carried out by various institutions per decade.   [164]
8.5   Number of projects conducted and number of posts investigated per decade.   [165]
10.1   South-east Australia showing the area of the Yorta Yorta claim, the site of Myall Creek and the far north-west of New South Wales.   [206]
10.2   George Dutton in 1964. (Photograph by Jeremy Beckett, courtesy of the photographer.)   [218]
10.3   Detail of Aboriginal language areas in north-west New South Wales. (Redrawn by Wei Ming after Beckett 1958: 96.)   [220]


2.1   Materials of beads from Parisian post-mortem inventories   [page 24]
3.1   Attacks and hostage takings involving fur trade vessels and the Haida 1787–1853   [72]
4.1   Summary of change and continuity in aspects of glaze ware production–exchange over the protohistoric period   [80]
4.2   Aspects of technology and their associated petrographic characteristics used in this study   [83]
4.3   Summary of technologically informative petrographic characteristics of pre-mission and mission sherds from Abó   [84]
6.1   Structured oppositions in Jaru and Kija contact histories   [120]
6.2   Differences in ‘inside’ and ‘outside’ station fence stone assemblages, Old Lamboo Station   [134]
7.1   Return for period 1 January to 31 March 1853 of numbers of canoes that arrived in Auckland; including crews, quantity and type of produce as nearly could be ascertained (AJHR 1865)   [150]


Steven Acheson, Archaeology Branch, Ministry of Small Business, Tourism and Culture, British Columbia

Stuart Bedford, New Zealand Historic Places Trust/Pouhere Taonga, New Zealand

Yvonne Brink, Historical Archaeology Research Group, University of Cape Town

Patricia Capone, Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University

James P. Delgado, Executive Director, Vancouver Maritime Museum, British Columbia

Olga Klimko, Tourism and Recreation Branch, Ministry of Sustainable Resource Management, British Columbia

Rodney Harrison, Cultural Heritage Division, NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service

Tim Murray, Archaeology Program, La Trobe University

Laurier Turgeon, Directeur du CELAT, Université Laval

Christine Williamson, Archaeology Program, La Trobe University

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