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The Archaeology of Contact in Settler Societies

Details

  • 30 b/w illus. 6 maps 9 tables
  • Page extent: 284 pages
  • Size: 247 x 174 mm
  • Weight: 0.65 kg

Library of Congress

  • Dewey number: 970.01
  • Dewey version: 22
  • LC Classification: CC77.H5 A7175 2004
  • LC Subject headings:
    • Archaeology and history
    • Colonization--History
    • Acculturation--History

Library of Congress Record

Hardback

 (ISBN-13: 9780521792578 | ISBN-10: 0521792576)




Index




Abó 79

   mission at, 80–81

   pot sherds, 86

Aboriginals, Australian, 109, 176

   and archaeology, 201, 203;

      see also historical archaeology

   ceremonies, 127, 140

   chronology, 202–203

   ‘coming in’, 115–117, 142

   contact, 176, 180, 185, 191, 195, 204

   culture, 121, 185, 204, 221

     resurgence and revitalisation, 222

   Europeans, 184–185, 223–224

     domination of discourse, 205

     identities, 223

   fringe camping, 121, 125, 128, 129

     campers, 122, 124

   historiography, 177

   image of, 179–180, 182, 198

   insiders and outsiders, 133

   intensification, 202–203

   massacres by settlers, 115, 116, 121–122, 204, 206, 224;

      see also killing times, Myall Creek

   political voice, 181

   population, 112

   post-contact studies, 177

   rations, 128, 133, 140

   reconciliation, 204, 223

   response, 113, 115, 176

      see also Pigeon, killing times

   settler relations, 111, 113, 140, 178

   station workers, 118, 120–121, 122, 123–125, 128, 129, 132–133, 135–137, 139, 140, 141

   ‘tradition’ 210, 211, 217, 221

     archaeological response, 213

      see also cattle, Lamboo

Aboriginals, North American, see Amerindians

Aboriginal societies (generic) see indigenous societies

Adams, G., 38

Africa, 5;

      see also Cape

Algonquian, 19, 22, 31, 34, 36, 40

Allen, F. J., 183, 184

Amerindians, 19, 26, 33, 48, 157, 158, 161, 162–163, 173

   bead colour preferences, 34–35

   European traders, 173

   French portrait of, 27

   value of beads to, 35–41

   see also Algonquian, Haida, Micmac

Anderson, G., 207–208

anthropology, 181

appropriation, 21, 29, 41, 45

archaeological trajectories, 191–193, 196, 203

archaeologists, 4

   Australia, 176, 200, 201, 211

     constructing identities, 200

archaeology

   Australian, 183–184

   and history, 176, 183–184, 185–186, 188–191, 196–197, 198

     data sets, 186–187, 189, 195

     ethno-historical approach, 186–187

   history of, 9

   global, of contact, 3

   processual, 168, 189–190, 192, 198

     history, 189–193

   post-processual, 190, 192

   social milieu, 159, 173, 174

artefactual assemblages, 148

Athabasca country, 161

Attwood, B., 182, 197

Australia, 4, 5, 6, 11, 13–14, 15

   contact period, 207

   shared histories, 140–142, 210

Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 181

Baker, R., 141

beads

   America, 29–35

   Australia, 147

   and the body, 35, 36–41, 46

   burials, 40–41

   colour, 25, 35, 46

   copper, 33–34

   European use of, 23, 27

   France, 22, 23

   Louvre collection, 25, 27, 34

   makers, 23, 25, 43

   seed, 38

   southern Africa, 101

   symbolic functions in indigenous society, 20

   types of, 24–25, 26–27, 45

     ‘enamel’, 44, 45

     glass, 33, 36, 37, 45

     marine shell, 26–27, 30–33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 39, 45, 46

   value to Amerindians, 19, 37–39, 41–42

Beckett, J., 218–222

‘bifurcation point’, 194

Binford, L., 188, 190

Blainey, G., 195

Booty, F. C., 121–123, 126, 128, 130, 140

Boston, 48

Braudel, F., 188, 189, 190, 193–194

Britain, 5

British Empire, 5, 7

British Government, 208

Brumfiel, E. and Earle, T., 81

Bushmen, 92

Canada, 13, 30, 159

   Canadian ethnocentric bias, 157–159

   Canadian identity, 157, 170, 174

   western, 157

Cape of Good Hope, 4, 11, 12–13, 91, 92, 93–94

Carpenter’s Gap (Australia), 109, 110

Cartier, J., 19, 31, 42, 46

cattle

   Australian Aboriginals, 115, 117–119

     women, 119

   see also pastoral stations

   southern Africa, 99–100, 101

ceramics, 78–79, 80, 87

   birefringence, 83, 85

   clay, 85

   construction technique, 85

   fabric descriptions, 82, 85

   firing, 84–85

   mission period factors, 82

   production–exchange, 78–81, 82, 87–90

     changes through time, 82

     regional long-distance exchange, 80, 88

     sub-regional, 89

   raw material, 83–84, 85

     grain size, 83

   temper material, 83, 85, 86

     hornblende diorite, 83–85, 87

     hornblende gneiss, 88

   typology, 79

   void frequency, 83, 85

ceremonial feasting

     Haida, see potlatch

     Pueblo, 80–81

Champlain, S. de, 19, 32, 37, 38

chaos theory, see non-linear modelling

Chauvin, P., 27

Chelot, C., 27

chert, 123, 124, 126, 130, 131, 134, 137

Clarke, D., 191–192

Coetzee, C., 98

Coetzee, J., 92

Colenso, W., 152

colonial societies, 3

colonialism, 14, 188, 198

   in the ancient world, archaeology of, 3

colonies, history of, 3

colonisation, European, 1, 2, 6, 10

colonists, 4

   Dutch, 32, 33, 100

   English, 32, 33

   European, 10

   Spanish, 1

Columbian Consequences (D. H. Thomas), 1

Combes, J., 168

Condori, C., 186

Coneehaw, D., 70

contact archaeology, 2, 7–8, 11, 12, 188, 203, 216

   indigenous interest in, 203

corroboree, 128, 140

cosmologies, 20, 29

Costin, C. L., 81

cultural resource management, 166, 171

Curr, E., 210, 211, 212, 214

Dawson, G. M., 61

Day, E. D., 207

De Hangen (southern Africa), 95–96

   toolkit, 96

Deacon, J., see Schrine

decolonisation, 6

Deetz, J., 168

demographic takeover, 5, 6, 7, 10

Denholm, D., 208

Derrida, J., 91

Diepkloof (southern Africa), 96

dissonant heritage, 8, 11, 12

dominance/resistance model, 183, 185

Duncan, B., 120

Duncan, Captain C., 51–54, 61, 72

Dunlop, E. H., 205

Durracks, 113, 115, 139

Dutch colonists and farmers, 4, 12–13, 95, 97–105, 107–108, 112

Dutch East India Company (VOC), 91, 104–106, 107

   fascination with rhetoric, 92, 93

   Khoikhoi, 97

   Oath of Allegiance, 92, 93, 98, 99

   San, 97

Dutton, G., 217–223, 224

Dyke, C., 196

Earle, T., see Brumfiel

Ecology and Empire, 15

Eda’nsa, 68

Edenshaw, A. E., 57, 59, 64, 67, 68

Edenshaw, H., 62

eland, see Lewis-Williams

Elands Bay Cave, 96

Eleanora, 50, 72

Elkin, A. P., 180, 221

Elphick, R., 95, 97, 100

Elphick, R. and Malherbe, V., 98, 105, 106

ethnohistorians, 183, 184, 201

ethnohistory and archaeology, 197, 216

Ferguson, L., 168, 188

Forrest, A., 112

Fort Simpson, 58–59, 69, 77

forts, reconstruction and restoration, 170–171, 172

France, 22, 31, 39–40, 42, 161

   travel literature, 19

   use of beads, 23

frontier, 183, 184, 207, 208

fur trade, 33, 48–49, 60, 67, 68–75, 157, 160

   archaeology, 157, 163, 167–168, 174

     archaeologists, 165–166, 171, 172

     cultural resource management, 166

     decline in number of projects, 164

     government and private agencies engaged in or supporting, 163–164, 166, 170, 171

     mission-oriented approach, 170–173

     new politics, 171

     problem-oriented research, 166, 169, 171

     theoretical climate, 167

     types of studies, 164–167

     factors in different experiences, 160

   Amerindians, 172

   impact of, 48, 49

   inter-Amerindian hostilities, 162

   trading relations between Amerindians and European, 162–163

Galisteo Basin, 81, 88–89

Georgiana, 55–57, 58, 74

Gero, Joan, 146

Giddens, A., 101

Gill, Nick, 139–140

Gipps, Governor, 208–209

Gleeson, Chief Justice, 213

Goldfrank, Esther, 80

goldrushes, 152;

      see also Halls Creek

Golson, J., 147

Graham, Elizabeth, 188

‘Great Australian Silence’, 209

Gribble, J., see Smith

Griffiths, Tom, 15

Groube, L. M., 147

Gummow, Justice, 213

Haebich, Anna, 183, 184

Haida, 12, 48, 49, 55, 60

   Anglo-American trade relations, 64, 70–75

   chiefs, 60–65, 67–68

   Cumshewa (village), 57, 72–74, 75, 77

   Kaigani, 72–74

   Kunghit, 50–51, 64, 72

   Masset, 50, 52–54, 56, 60, 62, 64, 68

   multi-lineage settlements, 67

   Naikun, 54, 55

   population, 67

   property rights, 61, 71

   seizure of European vessels, see individual vessels

   Skidegate, 54, 60, 66, 70, 77

   society, 60–67

   trade, 68–75

Hall, M., 101

Halls Creek, 109, 110, 115, 117, 120, 125

   goldrush, 112, 113

Hamell, G. R., see Miller

Harrison, B., 208

Haswell, Robert, 71

Hauraki Plains, 145

   archaeological sites, 146

   European exploitation, 146

   European materials, 147, 149

   trade, 150

Hayne, Justice, 213

Heath, Mr., 53

heritage, 11–12

   applied settings, 201

   sites, 214, 222

High Court of Australia, 213–214, 225

Hill, Captain, 75

Historic Sites and Monument Boards (HSMB), 163, 165, 169

historical archaeology, 1, 7–8, 14, 16, 144, 167–169, 188

   North American research

     influence on other areas, 2

     scale of, 2

     theoretical focus, 2

   Australia, 202, 211, 215, 224

Historical Archaeology and the Importance of Material Things, 168, 188

histories

   conjectural, 200, 215, 216–217, 219

   shared, 210, 215, 216

history, discipline of, 186

history writing, methodology of, 202

Hobbs, W., 207, 208

Hoffman, K., see Ruhl

Hoskins, J., 64

Hottentots, 92, 93, 107

Houston, W., 75

Huddleston, J., 140

Hudson’s Bay Company (HBC), 51, 58, 59, 67, 74, 76, 157, 158, 161, 169

Huffman, T., 101

hunter-gatherers, 94–97;

      see also San

Huron, 19, 36, 38, 40

Huxley, T. H., 179

imperial (colonial power) histories, 14, 16

In Small Things Forgotten, 168

Indians Claims Commission Act, 1946 187

Indigenous Land Use Agreements (ILUAs), 214–215, 217, 225

indigenous peoples, 4, 9, 10, 11, 12, 78, 203, 216

   symbolic functions of beads, 20

Ingraham, Joseph, 71

Inskip, Captain, 64

‘intensification’ 202, 203, 225

Iron Age peoples, 94

Iroquoian, 19, 22, 31, 32, 34, 36, 37, 39–40, 46

Jaru, 119–120, 122, 125, 130, 140

Jerardino, A., 101

Jerardino A. and Yates, R., 101

Jewitt, John, 48

‘John’ 57

kainga, 146

Kasteelberg, 96, 99

Kendrick, Captain, 64

Khoikhoi, 92, 94–95, 97–104;

      see also Hottentots

   cattle, 99–100, 101, 105, 106–107

   disruption of by Dutch, 95

   domestic architecture, 102–104, 106

   identity, 105–106, 108

   raiding, 105, 106

   social life, 101–104, 106–108

   transformation of social life, 104–108

Khoisan, 93–94, 108

Kidd classification (beads), 44

Kija, 119–120, 122

‘killing times’, 111, 114

   Aboriginal response, 113

Kilmeister, Charles, 207–208

Kimberley, 109–111, 112

   British settlement, 111

   pastoralism types, 112

Kimberley points, 111, 135–137

Kinsly, see Sigai

Kiotsaeton, 39–40

Klipfonteinrand, 95, 96

Kuper, A., 101

Kwambial Aborigines, 207–208

Lady Washington, 50, 64–65, 72

Lafitau, Joseph-François, 39

Lamboo, 109, 117, 121, 122, 123, 124, 126, 128, 132, 138, 140, 141

   Aboriginal dwellings, 129–130

   archaeological methodology, 130–131

   archaeology of, 142

   European raw materials, 137

   exotic raw materials, 134, 137

   fence line as social boundary, 131–133, 134

   holiday camp, 124, 125, 126, 127–128, 130, 133, 140

   Lamboo mob, 119

   quarry, 130, 131

   social hierarchy, 134–135

   spatial patterning in archaeological remains, 122, 123–125, 133, 135

   spatial patterning in the distribution of sites, 125–128

   see also Kimberley points

landscapes of reconciliation, 204, 210

Latin America, 5

Laurie, B., 119

Leonard, R., 188

Leone, M., 189

Lescarbot, M., 19, 27, 32

Lewis-Williams, D., 105

Linnaeus, C., 92

Louvre (Paris), bead collection, 22, 25, 43, 44–45

Lumbulumbia, 114

MacDonald, G. F., 75

McGlade, J. and Van der Leeuw, S., 192, 196, 198

MacIntyre, S., 182

Malherbe, V., see Elphick

Maori, 153

   European materials, 154

   ‘fragile nature’ of Maori society, 144, 154

   house, 148

   post-contact, 144, 149, 154

   reaction, 147

   settler, 152

Matachiaz, see beads, marine shell

material culture, 9–11, 22, 31, 165, 168, 169, 188, 217

   Aboriginal station workers, 109, 131, 137, 140, 142

   Amerindian, 171

   Maori, 144, 147

matjeshuis, 103;

      see also Khoikhoi

Mauss, Marcel, 21

mendicant books, 76

Mera, 79;

      see also glaze ware typology

Method and Theory in Historical Archaeology, 168

Micmac, 19, 32, 41

Miller, C. L. and Hamell, G. R., 20

Mills, G., see Parkington

missions

   Abó 12, 80–81

   southern Africa, 92

Mohawk, 33, 37

Montagnais, 37

Moola Bulla, 114, 115, 117, 118, 128, 129;

      see also ration stations

Morgan, L. H., 187

Morris, B., 191

Morton, A. S., 163

Mulvaney, D. J., 181, 183, 184, 225

Murray, T., 185, 186, 191, 195, 196

muskets, 68, 77

Myall Creek massacre, 206, 224

   memorialisation, 209, 214, 218

Myall Creek station, 206

Nama, 102, 106

   domestic architecture, 103

nation, idea of, 9

nationalism, 7, 16

Native Land Court, 152

Native Title, 201, 204, 222, 225

   Law, 210–215

   Native Title Act, 1993 210, 214–216, 217, 225

‘New Archaeology’, 167

New South Wales, 206, 218

New Zealand, 6, 13, 144

   trade, 152

Ngiyampaa Wangaaypuwan, 222

Niblack, A., 61, 69

‘noble savage’ myth, 170, 178, 182

non-linear modelling, 193–195, 196, 198

   popular conception of chaos theory, 194

North America, 4, 6, 7, 14, 21, 23

North West Company, 157, 161

Nunkiarry, G., 122

Old Lamboo, see Lamboo

Olney, Justice, 211–212

Opitau, 148, 149

oral accounts, 113, 116, 119–121, 124–125, 126, 127, 128, 130, 133, 134, 135–137, 140, 204, 211, 214

Ord River, 110, 112, 121

Oruarangi (New Zealand), 146, 148, 152

Oudepost I, 96, 100

pa, 146, 147, 148

Parkington, J., 94, 99, 100, 105, 106

Parkington, J. and Mills, G., 104

pastoral stations, 109, 115, 183–184, 221

   scale of prestige, 119

pastoralism, 95, 109–142 passim, 222–223

pastoralists

   Australia, 115, 137–140

     pioneering myth, 139

     social identity, 139

   southern Africa, 94;

      see also Khoikhoi

petrographic analysis, 78, 82, 87

phase space, 194

‘Pigeon’ 113

plantation, 4

Point Rose, 52

post-colonial discourse, 5

post-mortem inventories, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 43–44

potato trade (Haida), 69–70, 77

potlatch, 65, 68, 70

precious stones, 27, 34

   Orient, 28–29, 45

   value to Europeans, 27–29

Preucel, R., 160

Prickett, N., 147

Pueblo, 78

   ceremonial feasting, 80–81

   identity, 78–81

   interaction networks, 78

   society, 81

Pulleine, R. W., 180

Quarai, 88–89

   potsherds, 87, 88

ration stations, 111, 114

   time period of, 115

Raupa, 147

Reece, R. H. W., 185, 195

regime of value, 21

Renaissance culture, 27, 29

Renfrew, A. C., 81

resistance literature, 20

Resolution, 50, 73, 76

Reynolds, H., 182–183

Ritchie, G., 92

Rooney, M., 58

Rose Point, 58

Rowley, C., 181–182

Rowse, T., 113, 119, 180

Royal Commissions (Australia), 114

Ruhl, D. and Hoffman, K., 7–8

Ryder, J., 128

Sadre, K., see Smith

Sagard, G., 32, 35, 36, 38, 39

Salinas, 78, 82, 87, 89

   sample set, 82

San, 94–95, 97, 104, 105, 106, 107;

      see also Bushmen; hunter-gatherers

Schoeman, K., 98

Schrire, C. and Deacon, J., 100

Schubert, L., 137–140

Schuyler, R., 160

Scouler, J., 69–70

Scowell, Chief, 58

sea otter trade, 48

settler nations, 10, 11

settler societies, 3, 5–7, 14, 15, 16

Shanks, M. and Tilley, C., 159

Shaw, B., 119

Shermer, M., 193, 195

ship seizures, 50;

      see also individual vessels Resolution, Susan Sturgis, Tonquin, Union, Vancouver

Sigai, Chief (Segai), 54, 61;

      see also Kinsly

Simpson, G., 51, 161

slaves, 5

smallpox, 67

Smith, A., 94, 99, 100, 102, 105–106

Smith, A., Sadr, K., Gribble, J. and Yates, R. 100

social Darwinism, 178

Society for American Archeology, 1

Society for Historical Archeology, 167

soaqua, 95–97, 104;

      see also San

South, S., 168

southern Africa, 4

   prehistory, 94, 95, 97, 99, 100, 105, 106

Stadacona, 19, 31, 46

Stanner, William, 177, 209

Stone Age, 99

structuration theory, 101

Sturgis, William, 68, 69, 71

Susan Sturgis, 56, 57–59, 68, 74, 75

‘taking’, act of, 21

Taylor, Ben, 122–123

Te Reiroa, Aperahama, 152

thin section description system, 82

Thomas, D., 1

Thomas, J., 106, 107, 108

Thomas, N., 9–10

Tilley, C., see Shanks

Tlingit, 69

tomahawks, 37

Tonquin, 48

toolkits, 96

   Australia, 111, 128–129, 147

Tortoise Cave, 96

trade, 60, 68–75, 97

travel discourse, 92

Trigger, B., 159, 183–184, 191, 192, 197

Tsimshian, 69, 77

Tyler, Edward, 179

Tyrrell, Ian, 7, 15

Union, 51, 73

United States of America, 5, 16

value, creating and measuring of, 28

Van Riebeeck, Jan, 92, 93, 98–99

Vancouver (1853 brigantine), 59–60, 74

Vancouver (1834 schooner), 50, 54, 61, 68, 74, 75, 76

   aftermath, 54–60

Van der Leeuw, S., see McGlade

Verrazzano, Giovanni da, 19

vessels, 49

Vredenburg Peninsula, 96

Walton, James, 102

wampum belt, 32, 34, 35, 39, 40, 42

Weed, Charles E., 57

written records, 91

   analysis, 91

Whitbread, I. K., 82

Wiiaa (Weah), Chief, 57–59, 61–64

Witklip, 96, 99

Work, John, 54–55, 61, 70

Wyndham, 115

Xo’ya, Chief, 64–65, 72

Yates, R., see Smith

Yorta Yorta, 204, 206, 210–214, 217, 223


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