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News Talk

Details

  • 24 tables
  • Page extent: 294 pages
  • Size: 228 x 152 mm
  • Weight: 0.47 kg

Paperback

 (ISBN-13: 9780521525657)

News Talk
Cambridge University Press
9780521819619 - News Talk - Investigating the Language of Journalism - By Colleen Cotter
Table of Contents

Contents

List of figures and tables
x
Acknowledgements
xi
Introduction
1
Part I        The process and practice of everyday journalism
13
1.            An interactional and ethnographic approach to news media language
15
1.1           Contradictory perceptions about news media behaviors
17
1.2           The ethnographic advantage
19
1.3           Exploring news and news language from the perspective of the practitioner
23
1.4           Influences on media language and discourse
24
1.5           Characteristics and tendencies of media language
26
1.6           Conclusion: process and practice – underexplored dimensions
29
2.            Craft and community: Reading the ways of journalists
30
2.1           Articulating primary values
31
2.2           The craft ethos
36
2.3           The community factor
43
2.4           Conclusion: locating and understanding news priorities
47
3.            The ways reporters learn to report and editors learn to edit
49
3.1           “Ways of speaking”
50
3.2           Socialization into news culture
52
3.3           Loci of learning
61
3.4           Conclusion: the apprentice model and journalistic practice
63
Part II       Conceptualizing the news
65
4.            News values and their significance in text and practice
67
4.1           Determining “newsworthiness”
68
4.2           News values govern journalistic practice
72
4.3           News judgment and “instinct”
77
4.4           Similarity and variation
82
4.5           Conclusion: the role of news values
85
5.            The “story meeting”: Deciding what’s fit to print
88
5.1           What happens at a story meeting: The Oakland Tribune
90
5.2           Role of news values in story meetings
94
5.3           Other news-community values
97
5.4           Boundaries and norms of professional behavior
100
5.5           Conclusion: news priorities in relation to practice
106
6.            The interaction-based nature of journalism
110
6.1           Interaction through practice
111
6.2           The supremacy of the local
119
6.3           Loci of interaction
125
6.4           The pseudo-relationship between news media and community
128
6.5           Conclusion: identifying interaction in the journalistic context
131
Part III      Constructing the story: texts and contexts
133
7.            Story design and the dictates of the “lead”
135
7.1           Principles of newswriting
136
7.2           Story design
139
7.3           The lead
151
7.4           Conclusion: the importance of craft
169
8.            “Boilerplate”: Simplifying stories, anchoring text, altering meaning
171
8.1           News discourse rules and boilerplate
172
8.2           Features of boilerplate
176
8.3           Implications of boilerplate
180
8.4           Conclusion: responsibility and “neutral” text production
185
9.            Style and standardization in news language
187
9.1           Background: language standardization
188
9.2           Language standardization in the news context
190
9.3           Journalists and language: complaints, values, and injunctions
194
9.4           Changes and innovations in news style
201
9.5           Conclusion: language awareness and journalistic identity
211
Part IV       Decoding the discourse
215
10.           The impact of the news process on media language
217
10.1          Delivering the news
217
10.2          Coherence of the text
219
10.3          Linguists as “experts” in news stories
220
Conclusion and key points
230
Epilogue
235
Appendices    
237
Appendix 1:   Story samples
239
Appendix 2:   Outline guide for the analysis of news media language
247
Appendix 3:   SPJ Code of Ethics
251
Glossary of news and linguistic terms
252
References
259
Index
272



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