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Clinical MR Neuroimaging

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  • 37 tables
  • Page extent: 916 pages
  • Size: 276 x 219 mm
  • Weight: 3.49 kg

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 (ISBN-13: 9780521515634)

Clinical MR Neuroimaging
Cambridge University Press
9780521515634 - Clinical MR Neuroimaging - Physiological and Functional Techniques - Edited by Jonathan H. Gillard, Adam D. Waldman and Peter B. Barker
Table of Contents

Contents

List of contributors
xi
List of case studies
xv
Preface to second edition
xvii
Preface to first edition
xix
Abbreviations
xx
Introduction
R. Nick Bryan
1
Section 1 Physiological MR techniques
5
1         Fundamentals of MR spectroscopy
Peter B. Barker
5
2         Quantification and analysis in MR spectroscopy
Thomas Ernst
21
3         Artifacts and pitfalls in MR spectroscopy
Ralph E. Hurd
30
4         Fundamentals of diffusion MR imaging
Derek K. Jones
44
5         Human white matter anatomical information revealed by diffusion tensor imaging and fiber tracking
Susumu Mori and Peter van Zijl
68
6         Artifacts and pitfalls in diffusion MR imaging
Martin A. Koch and David G. Norris
79
7         Cerebral perfusion imaging by exogenous contrast agents
Leif Østergaard
86
8         Detection of regional blood flow using arterial spin labeling
Alan P. Koretsky, S. Lalith Talagala, and Afonso C. Silva
94
9         Imaging perfusion and blood–brain barrier permeability using T1-weighted dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging
Steven P. Sourbron and David L. Buckley
113
Case study 9.1Grade IV astrocytoma following antiangiogenic treatment: DCE-MRI
126
Case study 9.2Stereotactic radiation therapy of a cerebral metastasis: DCE-MRI
127
10        Susceptibility-weighted imaging
E. Mark Haacke, Meng Li, and Karl Kish
129
11        Artifacts and pitfalls in perfusion MR imaging
Fernando Calamante
137
12        Methodologies, practicalities and pitfalls in functional MR imaging
Peter Jezzard
156
Section 2 Cerebrovascular disease
169
13        Cerebrovascular disease: overview
Brian M. Tress
169
14        Magnetic resonance spectroscopy in stroke
Peter B. Barker and Jonathan H. Gillard
173
Case study 14.1Imaging with MR spectroscopy in acute brain ischemia
183
15        Diffusion and perfusion MR in stroke
Joanna M. Wardlaw
184
Case study 15.1Diffusion tensor imaging and tissue anisotropy
206
Case study 15.2Reversal of diffusion lesion in acute stroke
208
Case study 15.3Diffusion and perfusion MR in subarachnoid hemorrhage
210
Case study 15.4Stroke or migraine? An MR perfusion study
212
Case study 15.5Increased blood–brain barrier permeability detected from perfusion MRI predicts intracerebral hemorrhage in acute ischemic stroke
213
16        Arterial spin labeling in stroke
María A. Fernández-Seara, Juan Chen, Jiongjiong Wang, and John A. Detre
215
Case study 16.1Arterial spin labeling in acute ischemic stroke
226
Case study 16.2Arterial spin labeling in global, anoxic brain injury
228
Case study 16.3Arterial spin labeling in subacute stroke: detection of luxury perfusion
230
Case study 16.4Cerebrovascular reactivity in patients with large vessel stenosis using arterial spin labeling
232
Case study 16.5Evaluation of transient ischemic attacks using dynamic susceptibility contrast imaging and arterial spin labeling with acetazolamide challenge
234
17        Magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging in stroke
Pamela W. Schaefer, Steve H. Fung, Luca Roccatagliata, and R. Gilberto Gonzalez
236
18        Magnetic resonance spectroscopy in severe obstructive carotid artery disease
Jeroen van der Grond and Dirk R. Rutgers
248
19        Perfusion and diffusion imaging in chronic carotid disease
Iain D. Wilkinson
258
20        Susceptibility imaging and stroke
Juan E. Small, E. Mark Haacke, and Pamela W. Schaefer
273
Case study 20.1Metallic densities after coil embolization of aneurysms
283
Case study 20.2Susceptibility weighted imaging changes in ischemic stroke which are CT negative
284
Case study 20.3Detecting penumbral ischemic brain tissue with SWI
286
Section 3 Adult neoplasia
289
21        Adult neoplasia: overview
Tom Mikkelsen and David Hearshen
289
22        Magnetic resonance spectroscopy in adult neoplasia
Tracy Richmond McKnight and Adam D. Waldman
295
Case study 22.1Metabolic heterogeneity of glioma
313
Case study 22.2Tumefactive multiple sclerosis
315
Case study 22.3Meningioma by MRS
316
Case study 22.4Recurrent astrocytoma
317
Case study 22.5Radiation necrosis
318
Case study 22.6Anaplastic ganglioglioma
319
23        Diffusion MR imaging in adult neoplasia
Brian D. Ross, Craig J. Galbán, Alnawaz Rehemtulla, and Thomas L. Chenevert
321
Case study 23.1Investigating glioma pattern of recurrence using DWI
332
Case study 23.2Diffusion tensor imaging of glioma infiltration effects
333
Case study 23.3Diffusion-weighted imaging of epidermoids and arachnoid cysts
335
Case study 23.4Diffusion tensor imaging of glioma infiltration
337
Case study 23.5Differentiating gliomas from metastases with DTI
339
24        Perfusion MR imaging in adult neoplasia
Meng Law
341
Case study 24.1Anaplastic oligodendroglioma: ASL MR perfusion
367
Case study 24.2Radiation necrosis versus recurrence
368
25        Permeability imaging in adult neoplasia
Timothy P. L. Roberts, Dmitry Khrichenko, and Arastoo Vossough
369
26        Functional MR imaging in presurgical planning
Michael A. Kraut, John Hart, Jr., and Alberto Bizzi
380
Case study 26.1Value of fMRI and DTI for eloquent motor cortical/white matter mapping 1
399
Case study 26.2Value of fMRI and DTI for eloquent motor cortical/white matter mapping 2
401
Case study 26.3Multimodal imaging for diagnosis and surgical planning in transforming astrocytoma
403
Section 4 Infection, inflammation and demyelination
405
27        Physiological imaging in infection, inflammation and demyelination: overview
Robert D. Zimmerman
405
28        Magnetic resonance spectroscopy in intracranial infection
Rakesh K. Gupta
426
Case study 28.1Diagnosis of brain abscess by DTI and MRS
450
Case study 28.2Tumefactive multiple sclerosis by MRI and MRS
452
Case study 28.3Variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease by MRS
454
29        Diffusion and perfusion MR imaging of intracranial infection
Christopher G. Filippi
456
Case study 29.1Nocardia infection
468
Case study 29.2Central nervous system tuberculosis
470
Case study 29.3West Nile encephalitis
472
Case study 29.4Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease imaged with DWI
473
30        Magnetic resonance spectroscopy in demyelination and inflammation
Gioacchino Tedeschi and Simona Bonavita
475
Case study 30.1Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis
486
Case study 30.2Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy: MRSI
487
31        Diffusion and perfusion MRI in inflammation and demyelination
Massimo Filippi, Matilde Inglese, Marco Rovaris, and Maria A. Rocca
488
Case study 31.1Tumefactive demyelinating lesion
498
Case study 31.2Tumefactive multiple sclerosis: MR perfusion
500
32        Physiological MR to evaluate HIV-associated brain disorders
Linda Chang and Thomas Ernst
501
Case study 32.1Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
518
Section 5 Seizure disorders
519
33        Seizure disorders: overview
Thomas R. Henry and Pierre-Francois Van de Moortele
519
34        Magnetic resonance spectroscopy in seizure disorders
R. Mark Wellard and Graeme D. Jackson
526
Case study 34.1Rasmussen’s encephalitis: MRSI
544
Case study 34.2Temporal lobe epilepsy: MRSI
545
35        Diffusion and perfusion MR imaging in seizure disorders
Konstantinos Arfanakis and Bruce P. Hermann
546
Case study 35.1Identifying seizure-associated abnormalities on DWI
557
Case study 35.2Identifying an epileptic focus with DTI
559
Section 6 Psychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases
561
36        Psychiatric and neurodegenerative disease: overview
Adam D. Waldman
561
37        Magnetic resonance spectroscopy in psychiatry
John D. Port and Basant K. Puri
566
38        Diffusion MR imaging in neuropsychiatry and aging
Adolf Pfefferbaum and Edith V. Sullivan
593
39        Proton MR spectroscopy in aging and dementia
Kejal Kantarci and Clifford R. Jack, Jr.
618
Case study 39.1Alzheimer’s disease versus dementia with Lewy bodies: MR spectroscopy characteristics
628
Case study 39.2Investigation of Alzheimer’s disease with MR spectroscopy
629
40        Physiological MR in neurodegenerative diseases
W. R. Wayne Martin
630
Case Study 40.1Investigation of primary lateral sclerosis with DTI
641
41        Iron imaging in neurodegenerative disorders
Prashanthi Vemuri and Clifford R. Jack, Jr.
642
Case study 41.1Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation
651
Section 7 Trauma
653
42        Potential role of MRS, DWI, DTI, and perfusion-weighted imaging in traumatic brain injury: overview
Gerard Riedy
653
43        Magnetic resonance spectroscopy in traumatic brain injury
William M. Brooks and Barbara A. Holshouser
656
Case study 43.1Two-dimensional MRSI in severe traumatic brain injury with poor outcome
663
Case study 43.2Two-dimensional MRSI in traumatic brain injury with good outcome
664
Case study 43.3High-field-strength MRI and three-dimensional MRSI in pediatric traumatic brain injury
666
Case study 43.4High-field-strength MRI and three-dimensional MRSI in adult assault victim
668
44        Diffusion and perfusion-weighted MR imaging in head injury
Virginia Newcombe and David Menon
670
Case study 44.1Traumatic carotid artery dissection
682
Case study 44.2Serial changes in traumatic axonal injury
684
Case study 44.3Imaging in pediatric traumatic axonal injury
687
Case study 44.4Occult brain damage in a professional boxer
689
45        Susceptibility-weighted imaging in traumatic brain injury
Zhifeng Kou, Randall R. Benson, and E. Mark Haacke
691
Case study 45.1Diffuse axonal injury
703
Section 8 Pediatrics
705
46        Physiological MR of the pediatric brain: overview
Pek Lan Khong, Xavier Golay, and Elias R. Melhem
705
47        Physiological MR imaging of normal development and developmental delay
A. James Barkovich, Pratik Mukherjee, and Daniel B. Vigneron
727
48        Magnetic resonance spectroscopy in hypoxic brain injury
Brian Ross, Thao Tran, and Alexander Lin
738
Case study 48.1Reye’s syndrome: MRSI
748
49        The role of diffusion- and perfusion-weighted brain imaging in neonatology
Mary A. Rutherford and Serena J. Counsell
750
Case study 49.1Perinatal asphyxic injury
765
50        Physiological MR of pediatric brain tumors
Stefan Blüml and Ashok Panigrahy
766
Case study 50.1Early surgical resection of a choroid plexus carcinoma based on MRS findings
780
Case study 50.2Unnecessary biopsy and surgery in a patient with encephalitis
781
Case study 50.3Pediatric astrocytoma
782
51        Physiological MR imaging techniques and pediatric stroke
Dawn Saunders, W. Kling Chong, and Vijeya Ganesan
784
Case study 51.1Moyamoya disease: MR perfusion imaging
798
Case study 51.2Arterial spin labeling in moyamoya disease
800
Case study 51.3Sturge–Weber syndrome: MR perfusion imaging
802
Case study 51.4Susceptibility-weighted imaging in Sturge–Weber syndrome
804
52        Magnetic resonance spectroscopy in pediatric white matter disease
Knut Brockmann, Peter Dechent, and Folker Hanefeld
806
Case study 52.1Adrenoleukodystrophy: MRSI
822
53        Magnetic resonance spectroscopy of inborn errors of metabolism
Alberto Bizzi, Gian Marco Castelli, and Graziella Uziel
823
Case study 53.1Mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS)
842
54        Pediatric trauma
Dan Connolly
843
Section 9 The spine
853
55        Physiological MR of the spine
Dr Claudia Wheeler-Kingshott and Olga Ciccarelli
853
Case study 55.1Imaging the cervical spine in multiple sclerosis using MRSI
862
Index
864



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