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Inductive Reasoning

Details

  • Page extent: 376 pages
  • Size: 228 x 152 mm
  • Weight: 0.504 kg

Paperback

 (ISBN-13: 9780521672443)

Without inductive reasoning, we couldn't generalize from one instance to another, derive scientific hypotheses, or predict that the sun will rise again tomorrow morning. Despite the widespread nature of inductive reasoning, books on this topic are rare. Indeed, this is the first book on the psychology of inductive reasoning in twenty years. The chapters survey recent advances in the study of inductive reasoning and address questions about how it develops, the role of knowledge in induction, how best to model people's reasoning, and how induction relates to other forms of thinking. Written by experts in philosophy, developmental science, cognitive psychology, and computational modeling, the contributions here will be of interest to a general cognitive science audience as well as to those with a more specialized interest in the study of thinking.

• Includes articles from leading researchers in this area • Crosses over to other areas such as deductive reasoning, decision making, computational modeling • Includes an integrative concluding chapter

Contents

Preface Aidan Feeney and Evan Heit; 1. What is induction and why study it? Evan Heit; 2. The development of inductive reasoning Brett K. Hayes; 3. Interpreting asymmetries of projection in children's inductive reasoning Douglas Medin and Sandra Waxman; 4. Property generalization as causal reasoning Bob Rehder; 5. Availability in category-based induction Patrick Shafto, John Coley and Anna Vitkin; 6. From similarity to chance Sergey Blok, Daniel Osherson and Douglas Medin; 7. Theory-based Bayesian models of inductive reasoning Joshua Tenenbaum, Charles Spence and Patrick Shafto; 8. Use of single or multiple categories in category-based induction Gregory Murphy and Brian Ross; 9. Abductive inference: From philosophical analysis to neutral mechanisms Paul Thagard; 10. Mathematical induction and induction in mathematics Lance Rips and Jennifer Asmuth; 11. Induction, deduction, and argument strength in human reasoning and argumentation Mike Oaksford and Ulrike Hahn; 12. Individual differences, dual processes, and induction Aidan Feeney; 13. Taxonomising induction Steve Sloman.

Contributors

Aidan Feeney, Evan Heit, Brett K. Hayes, Douglas L. Medin, Sandra Waxman, Bob Rehder, Patrick Shafto, John D. Coley, Anna Vitkin, Sergey Blok, Daniel Osherson, Joshua Tenenbaum, Charles Spence, Gregory L. Murphy, Brian H. Ross, Paul Thagard, Lance Rips, Jennifer Asmuth, Mike Oaksford, Ulrike Hahn, Steven Sloman

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