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Turkish Foreign Policy during the Second World War


  • Page extent: 252 pages
  • Size: 216 x 138 mm
  • Weight: 0.33 kg


 (ISBN-13: 9780521523295 | ISBN-10: 052152329X)

The strategic importance of Turkey at the outset of the Second World War made it inevitable that the newly-born republic should be the target of covetous glances from every great power. This book provides the first comprehensive and systematic analysis of Turkish diplomacy during the conflict, as the Turks successively fended off pressure from both the Axis and Allied powers to enter the war. The Turkish position of 'active neutrality' was criticised both at the time and subsequently for its 'immorality', but Professor Deringil shows that Turkey's own military and political weakness made any other course of action impractical. Preservation of the nascent Turkish state had to be the guiding principle behind her foreign policy, and this was pursued with considerable tactical acumen by diplomats and strategists still, to some extent, versed in the Ottoman tradition.


Acknowledgements; Introduction; 1. The economic background; 2. Military inadequacy; 3. Process of government and the foreign policy leadership; 4. The historical conditioning of a generation; 5. Turkey at the outbreak of war; 6. The year of surprises: 1940; 7. Hostile encirclement: 1941; 8. 'Active neutrality': 1942; 9. On the razor's edge: 1943; 10. The Turkish gambit: 1944; 11. The Soviet demands: 1945; Conclusion; Appendix; Notes; Bibliography; Index.

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